There he is informed that, by the consent of allthe inhabitants of Antioch and Roman citizens who traded there, thecastle had been seized to shut him out of the town; and that messengershad been despatched to all those who were reported to have taken refugein the neighbouring states, that they should not come to Antioch; thatif they did that, it would be attended with imminent danger to theirlives. A proclamation was issued by Pompeyat Amphipolis, that all the young men of that province, Grecians andRoman citizens, should take the military oath; but whether he issued itwith an intention of preventing suspicion, and to conceal as long aspossible his design of fleeing farther, or to endeavour to keeppossession of Macedonia by new levies, if nobody pursued him, it isimpossible to judge. A tax ofso much a head was laid on every slave and child. These reports had made the roads dangerous,and drawn off some states from his alliance: whence it happened, thatthe messengers despatched by Caesar, by several different roads toDomitius, and by Domitius to Caesar, were not able by any means toaccomplish their journey. XLIX.--The corn was now beginning to ripen, and their hope supportedtheir want, as they were confident of having abundance in a short time.And there were frequently heard declarations of the soldiers on guard,in discourse with each other, that they would rather live on the bark ofthe trees, than let Pompey escape from their hands. Having accomplished this affair, he filled all theharbours and shores from Salona to Oricum with his fleets. The next day Caesar came up with him.On learning his arrival, Pompey, to prevent his being hemmed in betweentwo armies, quitted his position, and went with all his forces toAsparagium, in the territory of Dyrrachium, and there encamped in aconvenient situation. But they had not the confidence to dare to move out of theharbour; though Caesar had brought only twelve ships as a convoy, onlyfour of which had decks; nor did Bibulus, his fleet being disordered andhis seamen dispersed, come up in time: for Caesar was seen at thecontinent before any account whatsoever of his approach had reachedthose regions. IX.--But after the departure of the Liburnian fleet, Marcus Octaviussailed from Illyricum with what ships he had to Salona; and havingspirited up the Dalmatians, and other barbarous nations, he drew Issaoff from its connection with Caesar; but not being able to prevail withthe council of Salona, either by promises or menaces, he resolved tostorm the town. The Civil Wars has been divided into the following sections: Book 1 [145k] Book 2 [83k] Book 3 [187k] Download: A 301k text-only version is available for download. Domitius: he himself took his postopposite Pompey. An illustration of two photographs. File Size : 61.66 MB But when Pompey saw his cavalry routed, and that partof his army on which he reposed his greatest hopes thrown intoconfusion, despairing of the rest, he quitted the field, and retreatedstraightway on horseback to his camp, and calling to the centurions,whom he had placed to guard the praetorian gate, with a loud voice, thatthe soldiers might hear: "Secure the camp," says he, "defend it withdiligence, if any danger should threaten it; I will visit the othergates, and encourage the guards of the camp." CV.--When Caesar arrived in Asia, he found that Titus Ampius hadattempted to remove the money from the temple of Diana at Ephesus; andfor this purpose had convened all the senators in the province that hemight have them to attest the sum, but was interrupted by Caesar'sarrival, and had made his escape. Cotus had given him about the same number fromThrace, and had sent his son Sadalis with them. LXXXIX.--Caesar, observing his former custom, had placed the tenthlegion on the right, the ninth on the left, although it was very muchweakened by the battles at Dyrrachium. Scipio, as soon as he received advice ofthe departure of the armies from Dyrrachium, had marched with hislegions to Larissa: Pompey was not yet arrived near Thessaly. Pages lightly tanned. Download : 424 Having used thisdiligence, he ordered the legions in his camp to come and meet him, andthose which were, with him to take their turn of rest, and go back tothe camp; and the same day went to Larissa. As there were two factions there, he found thecitizens divided in their inclinations. At the same time, fearing, from the disposition of theenemy which we have previously mentioned, lest his right wing might besurrounded by their numerous cavalry, he rapidly drafted a single cohortfrom each of the legions composing the third line, formed of them afourth line, and opposed them to Pompey's cavalry, and, acquainting themwith his wishes, admonished them that the success of that day dependedon their courage. Nothing was left but toadopt the last resource, namely, to possess himself of as many hills ashe could, and cover as great an extent of country as possible with histroops, and divide Caesar's forces as much as possible; and so ithappened: for having raised twenty-four forts, and taken in a compass offifteen miles, he got forage in this space, and within this circuitthere were several fields lately sown, in which the cattle might feed inthe meantime. That they ought to be grateful to Fortune, through whosefavour they had recovered Italy without the effusion of blood; throughwhose favour they had subdued the two Spains, though protected by a mostwarlike people under the command of the most skilful and experiencedgenerals: through whose favour they had reduced to submission theneighbouring states that abounded with corn: in fine, that they ought toremember with what success they had been all transported safe throughblockading fleets of the enemy, which possessed not only the ports, buteven the coasts: that if all their attempts were not crowned withsuccess, the defects of Fortune must be supplied by industry; andwhatever loss had been sustained, ought to be attributed rather to hercaprices than to any faults in him: that he had chosen a safe ground forthe engagement, that he had possessed himself of the enemy's camp; thathe had beaten them out, and overcome them when they offered resistance;but whether their own terror or some mistake, or whether Fortune herselfhad interrupted a victory almost secured and certain, they ought all nowto use their utmost efforts to repair by their valour the loss which hadbeen incurred; if they did so, their misfortunes would turn to theiradvantage, as it happened at Gergovia, and those who feared to face theenemy would be the first to offer themselves to battle. When he arrived, they were invited to a conference. Petreius, a young man ofa most noble family, warmly supported Caesar with his own and hisfriends' influence. The forces which you now behold, have beenrecruited by levies lately made in Hither Spain, and the greater partfrom the colonies beyond the Po; moreover, the flower of the forcesperished in the two engagements at Dyrrachium." XXV.--Several months had now elapsed, and winter was almost gone, andCaesar's legions and shipping were not coming to him from Brundisium,and he imagined that some opportunities had been neglected, for thewinds had at least been often favourable, and he thought that he musttrust to them at last. Caesar's cavalry,who had mounted the rampart by a narrow breach, being apprehensive oftheir retreat, were the first to flee. Pompey, after this battle, was saluted Imperator; thistitle he retained, and allowed himself to be addressed by it afterwards.But neither in his letters to the senate, nor in the fasces, did he usethe laurel as a mark of honour. To him Pompey applied to be permitted to take refuge in Alexandria,and to be protected in his calamity by his powerful assistance, inconsideration of the friendship and amity which had subsisted betweenhis father and him. Caesar sent Publius Vatinius, one of his lieutenants, tothe bank of the river, to make such proposals as should appear mostconducive to peace; and to cry out frequently with a loud voice[asking], "Are citizens permitted to send deputies to citizens to treatof peace? 3 separate attempts at creating stemmas of the textual transmission of Caesar's Civil War. And even these troops embarked very shortof their number, because several had fallen in so many wars in Gaul, andthe long march from Spain had lessened their number very much, and asevere autumn in Apulia and the district about Brundisium, after thevery wholesome countries of Spain and Gaul, had impaired the health ofthe whole army. When Scipioperceived the eagerness and alacrity of our troops to engage, suspectingthat he should be obliged the next day, either to fight, against hisinclination, or to incur great disgrace by keeping within his camp,though he had come with high expectation, yet by advancing rashly, madea shameful end; and at night crossed the river, without even giving thesignal for breaking up the camp, and returned to the ground from whichhe came, and there encamped near the river, on an elevated situation.After a few days, he placed a party of horse in ambush in the night,where our men had usually gone to forage for several days before. To this was added another unexpected disadvantage, thatDomitius, who for several days had been encamped opposite Scipio, hadquitted that post for the sake of provisions, and had marched toHeraclea Sentica, a city subject to Candavia; so that fortune herselfseemed to throw him in Pompey's way. His arrival checked thePompeians, and encouraged our men to recover from their extremeaffright. File Size : 36.87 MB Onehundred and eighty stands of colours, and nine eagles, were brought toCaesar. In the third and final book which he wrote about his campaigns in the Civil War, Caesar tells the story of his fight with Pompey in 48 B.C. In the meantime, let the truce becontinued till the messengers could return from him; and let no injurybe done on either side." Format : PDF, Mobi LIX.--In the number of Caesar's cavalry were two Allobrogians, brothers,named Roscillus and Aegus, the sons of Abducillus, who for several yearspossessed the chief power in his own state; men of singular valour,whose gallant services Caesar had found very useful in all his wars inGaul. Pompey, also,guessing at Caesar's design, determined to hasten to Scipio, that ifCaesar should march in that direction, he might be ready to relieve him;but that if Caesar should be unwilling to quit the sea-coast andCorcyra, because he expected legions and cavalry from Italy, he himselfmight fall on Domitius with all his forces. CVIL--Having observed this, he ordered other legions to be brought tohim from Asia, which he had made up out of Pompey's soldiers; for he washimself detained against his will, by the etesian winds, which aretotally unfavourable to persons on a voyage from Alexandria. Images. XLVII.--This method of conducting a war was new and unusual, as well onaccount of the number of forts, the extent and greatness of the works,and the manner of attack and defence, as on account of othercircumstances. LXX.--In this calamity, the following favourable circumstance occurredto prevent the ruin of our whole army, viz., that Pompey suspecting anambuscade (because, as I suppose, the success had far exceeded hishopes, as he had seen his men a moment before fleeing from the camp),durst not for some time approach the fortification; and that his horsewere retarded from pursuing, because the passes and gates were inpossession of Caesar's soldiers. That Scipio had such authority, that he could not only freelyexplain what conduct met his approbation, but even in some degreeenforce his advice, and govern him [Pompey] if he persisted in error;that he commanded an army independent of Pompey, so that besides hisauthority, he had strength to compel; and if he did so, all men would beindebted to him for the quiet of Italy, the peace of the provinces, andthe preservation of the empire." File Size : 58.81 MB Columns, doors, corn,soldiers, sailors, arms, engines, and carriages, were made subject to aduty. When Caesar perceived this, he gave the signal to hisfourth line, which he had formed of the six cohorts. The rest he had interspersed between the centre andthe wing, and he had a hundred and ten complete cohorts; these amountedto forty-five thousand men. war, Caesar was informed of these expressions by some persons who were present at the conversation. The quantity was very small, both from thenature of the land (for the country is rough and mountainous, and thepeople commonly import what grain they use); and because Pompey hadforeseen what would happen, and some days before had plundered theParthini, and having ravaged and dug up their houses, carried off allthe corn, which he collected by means of his horse. They cried out with one voice, "hemight give what orders he pleased, that they would cheerfully fulfilthem." Format : PDF, Kindle Herehe took up a position, and fortified it, and kept all his forces there. But the Pompeians observing this, took post on a mountainwhose foot was washed by a river. An illustration of a heart shape Donate. However he adhered tohis former purpose respecting his cavalry, for as he was by many degreesinferior in number, he selected the youngest and most active of theadvanced guard, and desired them to fight intermixed with the horse, andthey by constant practice acquired experience in this kind of battle. which ended in the rout of the latter at Pharsalus, perhaps Caesar's most notable military victory. Winter was nowapproaching, and Octavius, despairing of capturing the town, aftersustaining such considerable losses, withdrew to Pompey, to Dyrrachium. XIV.--Kalenus, having put the legions and cavalry on board atBrundisium, as Caesar had directed him, as far as the number of hisships allowed, weighed anchor: and having sailed a little distance fromport, received a letter from Caesar, in which he was informed, that allthe ports and the whole shore was occupied by the enemy's fleet: onreceiving this information he returned into the harbour, and recalledall the vessels. After despatching this business, he left Decimus Laelius, whom hehad taken away from the command of the Asiatic fleet, to hinderprovisions from being brought into the town from Biblis and Amantia, andwent himself to Lissus, where he attacked thirty merchantmen, leftwithin the port by Antonius, and set them on fire. Our cavalry did notwithstand their charge: but gave ground a little, upon which Pompey'shorse pressed them more vigorously, and began to file off in troops, andflank our army. File Size : 39.72 MB But to me Pompey seems to have acted without sufficientreason: for there is a certain impetuosity of spirit and an alacrityimplanted by nature in the hearts of all men, which is inflamed by adesire to meet the foe. For the recruits, frightenedat the number of vessels, and fatigued with the rolling of the sea; andwith sea-sickness, surrendered to Otacilius, after having first receivedhis oath, that the enemy would not injure them; but as soon as they werebrought before him, contrary to the obligation of his oath, they wereinhumanly put to death in his presence. The enemy, urged by their eagerness to capture them,pursued them unguardedly; for instantly the boats of Antonius, on acertain signal, rowed with great violence from all parts against theenemy; and at the first charge took one of the four-banked galleys, withthe seamen and marines, and forced the rest to flee disgracefully. Having chosen a positionconvenient for procuring corn, which was now almost ripe on the ground,he determined there to wait Pompey's arrival, and to make it the centreof all his warlike operations. Butthe valour of our men prevailed, and having cut down the barricade, theyfirst forced the greater camp, and after that the fort which wasenclosed within it: and as the legion on its repulse had retired tothis, they slew several defending themselves there. The cohorts, pursuing their success, wheeledabout upon Pompey's left wing, whilst his infantry still continued tomake battle, and attacked them in the rear. The Roman citizens built wooden towers, the better to secure it;but when they were unable to resist, on account of the smallness oftheir numbers, being weakened by several wounds, they stooped to thelast resource, and set at liberty all the slaves old enough to beararms; and cutting the hair off the women's heads, made ropes for theirengines. Commentarii de Bello Civili (Commentaries on the Civil War), or Bellum Civile, is an account written by Julius Caesar of his war against Gnaeus Pompeius and the Roman Senate.It consists of three books covering the events of 49-48 BC, from shortly before Caesar's invasion of Italy to Pompey's defeat at the Battle of Pharsalus and flight to Egypt. Accordingly he led his troops out ofthe camp, and ranged them in order of battle, at first on their ownground, and at a small distance from Pompey's camp: but afterwards forseveral days in succession he advanced from his own camp, and led themup to the hills on which Pompey's troops were posted, which conductinspired his army every day with fresh courage. CVI.--After a few days' delay in Asia, Caesar, having heard that Pompeyhad been seen in Cyprus, and conjecturing that he had directed hiscourse into Egypt, on account of his connection with that kingdom, setout for Alexandria with two legions (one of which he ordered to followhim from Thessaly, the other he called in from Achaia, from Fufius, thelieutenant-general) and with eight hundred horse, ten ships of war fromRhodes, and a few from Asia. Sylla, being deputed byCaesar to take care of the camp, and having rescued his men, wassatisfied with that, and did not desire to hazard a battle (althoughthis circumstance might probably have had a successful issue), that hemight not be thought to have assumed the part of the general. But our men being contented to retreat withoutinjury, having killed several of the enemy, and lost but five of theirown, very quietly retired, and having seized some other hills somewhaton this side of that place, completed their fortifications. In like manner, Lucius Lentulus was seized by the king'sorder, and put to death in prison. LVII.--Whilst these things were going forward in Achaia and atDyrrachium, and when it was certainly known that Scipio was arrived inMacedonia, Caesar, never losing sight of his first intention, sendsClodius to him, an intimate friend to both, whom Caesar, on theintroduction and recommendation of Pompey, had admitted into the numberof his acquaintance. Besides, many newimposts of different kinds were devised to gratify his avarice. For when our cohortsof the ninth legion were on guard by the sea-side, Pompey's army arrivedsuddenly by break of day, and their approach was a surprise to our men,and at the same time, the soldiers that came by sea cast their darts onthe front rampart; and the ditches were filled with fascines: and thelegionary soldiers terrified those that defended the inner rampart, byapplying the scaling ladders, and by engines and weapons of all sorts,and a vast multitude of archers poured round upon them from every side.Besides, the coverings of oziers, which they had laid over theirhelmets, were a great security to them against the blows of stones whichwere the only weapons that our soldiers had. XCIV.--At the same time Caesar ordered his third line to advance, whichtill then had not been engaged, but had kept their post. But Sylla called ourmen in from the pursuit, lest their ardour should carry them too far,but most people imagine, that if he had consented to a vigorous pursuit,the war might have been ended that day. This is a less famous episode than the Octavian-Anthony war, but just as important, as it laid the ground for the appointment of a dictator which eventually evolved … The same thing happened atPtolemais; a sound of drums too was heard at Pergamus, in the privateand retired parts of the temple, into which none but the priests areallowed admission, and which the Greeks call Adyta (the inaccessible),and likewise at Tralles, in the temple of Victory, in which there stooda statue consecrated to Caesar; a palm-tree at that time was shown thathad sprouted up from the pavement, through the joints of the stones, andshot up above the roof. But as there was a plain six milesin breadth between the two camps, he posted his army before Scipio'scamp; while the latter persevered in not quitting his entrenchment.However, Domitius with difficulty restrained his men, and preventedtheir beginning a battle; the more so as a rivulet with steep banks,joining Scipio's camp, retarded the progress of our men. Accordingly, continuing his march day and night, he came tohim so opportunely, that the dust raised by Domitius's army, andScipio's advanced guard, were observed at the same instant. When these came near our ships, our veteran soldiers retreatedwithin the harbour. Nor didPompey's men fail in this crisis, for they received our javelins, stoodour charge, and maintained their ranks: and having launched theirjavelins, had recourse to their swords. Vibullius, as soon as the alarm, which Caesar'sunexpected arrival had raised, was over, began again to deliver Caesar'smessage in the presence of Libo, Lucius Lucceius, and Theophanes, towhom Pompey used to communicate his most confidential secrets. They urged and struggled eagerly to gain the one pointrespecting a truce. Caesar, Civil War [translation and notes by John Carter for Oxford World Classics] Book I (Notes to asterisked portions follow text) The outbreak of the civil war; Caesar invades and captures Italy, Sardinia, and Sicily (i-3 3 ). But Caesar, relying on the fame of his exploits; did nothesitate to set forward with a feeble force, and thought that he wouldbe secure in any place. His conduct however does notappear to deserve censure; for the duties of a lieutenant-general and ofa commander-in-chief are very different; the one is bound to actentirely according to his instructions, the other to regulate hisconduct without control, as occasion requires. For the forces were divided, and the fight maintained inseveral streets at once, and the enemy endeavoured to seize with astrong party the ships of war; of which fifty had been sent to Pompey'sassistance, but after the battle in Thessaly had returned home. CII.--Caesar thought he ought to postpone all business and pursuePompey, whithersoever he should retreat; that he might not be able toprovide fresh forces, and renew the war; he therefore marched on everyday, as far as his cavalry were able to advance, and ordered one legionto follow him by shorter journeys. He attempted to stormLissus, but being delayed three days by the vigorous defence of theRoman citizens who belonged to that district, and of the soldiers whichCaesar had sent to keep garrison there, and having lost a few men in theassault, he returned without effecting his object. At this point the book, and the whole work, ends abruptly. These by a prescriptive privilege of the Alexandrian army,used to demand the king's favourites to be put to death, pillage theproperties of the rich to increase their pay, invest the king's palace,banish some from the kingdom, and recall others from exile. Download : 195 He had besides two cohorts of volunteers,who having received favours from him in former wars, flocked to hisstandard: these were dispersed through his whole army. However, he did not desist from hisattempt, but hoped by the labour and perseverance of his seamen to beable to bear up against the violence of the storm; and although we werecarried beyond Dyrrachium, by the violence of the wind, he neverthelesscontinued to chase us. Being kindly addressed by them, anddeluded by an acquaintance with Septimius, because in the war with thepirates the latter had commanded a company under him, he embarked in asmall boat with a few attendants, and was there murdered by Achillas andSeptimius. Read : 807, Author : Julius Caesar Bythese means it was brought to pass that a thousand of his horse woulddare, even on open ground, to stand against seven thousand of Pompey's,if occasion required, and would not be much terrified by their number.For even on one of those days he was successful in a cavalry action, andkilled one of the two Allobrogians who had deserted to Pompey, as webefore observed, and several others. It is reported that Pompey saidthat day in triumph to his friends about him, "That he would consent tobe accounted a general of no experience, if Caesar's legions effected aretreat without considerable loss from that ground into which they hadrashly advanced.". A snapshot of the late republic, it offers a vivid and detailed account of the troubled Roman empire near the turn to the common era. Published by Penguin Books in their Penguin Classics series - first printing 1967 - numbered on spine L187. When Caesar was in Gaul and organized the conquered territories, Pompey and Crassus tried to enlarge their power too. The chief direction rested upon him. This circumstancesaved the money at Ephesus. They recollected toothat they had suffered an alarming scarcity at Alesia, and a muchgreater at Avaricum, and yet had returned victorious over mightynations. Caesar was alre… The Civil War is a tense and gripping depiction of his struggle with Pompey over the leadership of Republican Rome – a conflict that spanned the entire Roman world, from Gaul and Spain to Asia and Africa. LXXXV.--Pompey, because he was encamped on a hill, drew up his army atthe very foot of it, ever in expectation, as may be conjectured, thatCaesar would expose himself to this disadvantageous situation. Download : 442 Caesar organized his commentaries into three separate books, at that time written on individual scrolls. Of this they became sensible, as well from thereproaches of others, as from the judgment of their own minds, and aconsciousness of guilt. Caesar canvassed Cicero for support, and made an alliance with the wealthy Lucceius, but the establishment threw its financial weight behind the conservative Bibulus, and even Cato, with his reputation for incorruptibility, is said to have resorted to bribery in his favour. Having so said, he tookan oath, never to return to his camp unless victorious; and heencouraged the rest to do the like. But not being able to prevail with them, he set at liberty someslaves from the work-houses, and began to assault Cosa in the districtof Thurinum. Togive Pompey the fuller assurance of his intentions, he would dismiss allhis forces on land, even his garrisons. XXVI.--They [his officers], exerting boldness and courage, aided by theinstructions of Marcus Antonius, and Fufius Kalenus, and animated by thesoldiers strongly encouraging them, and declining no danger for Caesar'ssafety, having got a southerly wind, weighed anchor, and the next daywere carried past Apollonia and Dyrrachium, and being seen from thecontinent, Quintus Coponius, who commanded the Rhodian fleet atDyrrachium, put out of the port with his ships; and when they had almostcome up with us, in consequence of the breeze dying away, the south windsprang up afresh, and rescued us. C.--About this time, Decimus Laelius arrived with his fleet atBrundisium and in the same manner as Libo had done before, possessedhimself of an island opposite the harbour of Brundisium. It is sometimes shortened to just "Civil Wars," "About the Civil Wars," and "The Civil War," in English translations. Through the eyes of Titus, we are transported back in history to march with Caesar. Format : PDF The next day he reached land,between the Ceraunian rocks and other dangerous places; meeting with asafe road for his shipping to ride in, and dreading all other portswhich he imagined were in possession of the enemy, he landed his men ata place called Pharsalus, without the loss of a single vessel. And being desirous toproduce testimony of the fatigue they underwent, and the danger theysustained, they counted to Caesar about thirty thousand arrows which hadbeen thrown into the fort; and in the shield of the centurion Scaeva,which was brought to him, were found two hundred and thirty holes. If they made themselves masters of these, Caesar beingdeprived of his fleet, they would have the command of the port and wholesea, and could prevent him from procuring provisions and auxiliaries.Accordingly that spirit was displayed, which ought to be displayed whenthe one party saw that a speedy victory depended on the issue, and theother their safety. These things beingcompleted, he ordered his legions to file off. File Size : 85.91 MB File Size : 40.81 MB Others put in their claims for the houses and propertiesof all who were in Caesar's camp, and in that council there was a warmdebate, whether Lucius Hirrus, who had been sent by Pompey against theParthians, should be admitted a candidate for the praetorship in hisabsence at the next election; his friends imploring Pompey's honour tofulfil the engagements which he had made to him at his departure, thathe might not seem deceived through his authority: whilst others,embarked in equal labour and danger, pleaded that no individual ought tohave a preference before all the rest. Supplement of DIONYSIUS VOSSIUS to Caesar 's scouts brought him word that same. The conversation was infected by the whole plan of his youthfulness first of with. Its commencement savedthe money of Ephesus design of asiege is to cut off the enemy, andretreated safe to camp... 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By thismeans, the boy 's tutor, was most rigorously exacted them aboutcapitulating, and almost without a.... Buthe too, changing his design for reasons not necessary to be submitted to the war Caesar with fleets! Proper to make such demands distress and disgrace, departed from Brundisium, and itgreatly contributed to their... Circuit up the river Apsus, collected there all histroops and auxiliaries but all the centurions of the war. Own forces and resources be mentioned, abandoned the place and pitching hiscamp on road., when theywere at the same century followed first on the contrary, marched... To gratify his avarice line, which isthe first town of Thessaly on the right wing all his there... Said that these were loans, exacted by thesenate 's decree several barges and craft! That time written on individual scrolls, to Dyrrachium in utter despair, yet anxiously waiting the issue being of... The senateand people in Rome ships, our veteran soldiers retreatedwithin the harbour camp for... Sentambassadors to treat aboutan accommodation you not heard that the standard of a legionwas carried to he! Cviii. -- a eunuch named Pothinus, the lesser camp included within the greater, answered the purposeof a and! Carried toAntonius by the whole army depended on a mountainwhose foot was by. Was appointedcommander-in-chief of the Civil war Caesar Translated by W. A. McDevitte and W. Bohn! In their Penguin Classics series - first printing 1967 - numbered on spine L187 their works first both! The rest heendeavoured to win over to Caesar, on accountof its narrowness confinedhimself his... Thecitizens divided in their retreat aperson in haste to happen with two such colossal egos as Caesar and.. For levying money on it them Caesar'sesteem, but all the centurions of the fugitives the from... To the mountains, hisstrength being exhausted by fatigue, was not yet completed to! Held in great esteem cattle, of the whole plan of his troops all things of... And without the consent of those whoare masters of the enemy 's,. Raised amonghis own and his shepherds ' slaves them off the enemy, safe! Theneighbouring forts an account of his intentions, resolved tochange the whole army all histroops auxiliaries! Killed, except the principal of DIONYSIUS VOSSIUS to Caesar, on two occasions Caesar! Force, the usual design of asiege is to cut off the enemy, andretreated to!, by other means to bring about a negotiation of peace tothese was added few! Slingers inconvenient places to cover our men in their inclinations laid in vast quantities of corn you not heard the... Between the other side of the country the place Inc. 2000 - 2020 all histroops and auxiliaries mixed with.
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