Mills died in office on July 24, 2012, near the end of his term. Nkrumah saw independent Ghana as a spearhead for the liberation of the rest of Africa from colonial rule and the establishment of a socialist African unity under his leadership. Ghanian Pres. Area: 92,099 square miles. The national assembly was dissolved, public meetings prohibited, political parties proscribed, and leading politicians imprisoned. Ghana favours international and regional political and economic co-operation, and is an active member of the United Nations and the African Union. The Ashanti Kingdom (also known as Asante) was one of the most prolific Africa has ever seen and reigned over a large part of present-day Ghana all the way down to the Ivory Coast for over 300 years. World Facts Index Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana can be divided into five different geographical regions. Ghana Independence Day celebrates the country’s independence from the United Kingdom. In 1957, Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah declared independence. Ghana was colonized for over a century by The British Empire, who named the country The Gold Coast due to the abundance of Gold it had. The Big Six. Five interesting facts about Ghana's Independence. Be prepared to be served with little-known facts about Ghana, a wonderful and tropical country in West Africa. 5. Some 180 judges, magistrates, and other judicial officials were caught on video demanding money from litigants and accepting bribes. Acheampong was replaced as SMC chairman by Lieut. A constituent assembly produced a constitution for a second republic, and a general election was held in August 1969. The party leadership under Awolowo disagreed and replaced Akintola as premier of the West with one of their own supporters. Independence Day celebrations. The court’s verdict, issued on August 29, 2013, dismissed the NPP’s petition and upheld Mahama’s victory; Akufo-Addo accepted the outcome. In 1975 the NRC was reorganized to include some civilians, but ultimate power was given to a Supreme Military Council (SMC). Subsequent investigations by the country’s Judicial Council resulted in the dismissal of dozens of the accused, including some High Court judges. The electoral commission declared that Mahama was the winner with 50.7 percent of the vote—just enough to avoid having a runoff election with Akufo-Addo, who trailed him with 47.74 percent. 2. Language: English. Fact 5: Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Religion: Christian and Muslim. The traditional religious practices of the Ghanaian people were also almost similar. 4. Oil and agriculture are also major pillars of Ghana’s economy. Ghana was colonized for over a century by The British Empire, who named the country The Gold Coast due to the abundance of Gold ... 2. 1. Fact 4: Ghana is heavily dependent on international financial aids. Ghana Independence History. Economic development. Acheampong and Akuffo were executed, and a quick return to parliamentary government was organized. 62 Hearty Cheers to Ghana. The Cape ... 2. Akuffo, who was less effective in governing than his predecessor. Another one of the interesting facts about Ghana is that Ghana was ranked as Africa’s most peaceful country by the Global Peace Index. Ghana is a country located on the Gulf of Guinea. Gold, cocoa and … Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa, partly because of its considerable natural wealth and partly because it was the first black African country south of the Sahara to achieve independence from colonial rule. It is cross… © 2016 - 2020. GPL: Great Olympics clash against Ebusua Dwarfs postponed, Covid vaccine: UK woman becomes first in world to receive Pfizer jab, Brexit: PM to meet EU chief in bid to save trade deal, 2020 Election: Scuffle breaks out at Bukom Park polling centre (video), Abura Asebu Kwamankese: Felix Kwakye Ofosu concedes defeat, 2020 Election: Any Presidential ballot paper without 12 candidates invalid - EC, Dumelo requests recount in Ayawaso West Wuogon, 2020 Election: Nii Lante Vanderpuye arrested, No party agents for Akua Donkor's party in Navrongo Central Constituency. Ghana is one of more than 50 countries on the African continent, but there are some interesting facts about Ghana that show why it’s one of Africa’s most well-known countries. Fact 3: Ghana is the first sub-Saharan country to gain its independence from Britain in 1957. Currency: Ghana Cedi. 3. Accra is the capital and and largest city of Ghana. Eventually, in 1979, as the economy floundered, the government of the generals was overthrown by young officers and noncommissioned officers, led by an air force flight lieutenant, Jerry Rawlings. Founded in the 17th century by the Ga people, Accra became the capital of the British Gold Coast in 1877. In 1992, in the first presidential balloting held in Ghana since 1979, Rawlings—representing a new party, the National Democratic Congress (NDC)—was elected president. Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence. 1. Capital: Accra. Photograph by … For the next 25 years, Ghana was typically governed by military rulers with varying economic impacts. Cape Coast Castle. Jerry J. Rawlings addressing the United Nations Millennium Summit, September 7, 2000. It has an abundance of culture with it boasting of at least five major language groups namely; Dagomba, Ewe, Fante, Ashanti and the Ga. It is only a few degrees north of the Equator. The country has flat plains, low hills and a few rivers. The flag was shaped on 6 Match 1957 and designed by Theodosia Okoh who was a teacher stateswoman and had an abundance of artwork. To celebrate Nigeria’s 60th independence day, here is a list of 5 interesting facts about Nigeria’s independence day that you need to know. The Flag. The Empire appears to have broken up following the 1076 conquest by the Almoravid General Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar. It is surrounded by Togo to the east, Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea(Atlantic Ocean) to the south. 6 places to visit in Ghana. Kokrobite Beach. To the south are the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Population: 27 million. Ghana gained its independence on March 6, 1957. Ghana's first President, Kwame Nkrumah, was ousted nine years after independence. It is the day the West African country gained its independence from the British rule. The economy and corruption were two of the main themes during the campaign for the 2016 presidential election. In July 1972 a retroactive Subversion Decree was enacted under which military courts were empowered to impose the death penalty for offenses such as subversive political activity, robbery, theft, and damaging public property, and, from 1973, for the spreading of rumours and profiteering. The Minister was an innovator in Africa since Ghana was one of the first countries in the continent to reach independence. B. Danquah, Mr. William Ofori Atta) for their earlier brave and selfless actions for the cause. The Name ‘Nigeria’ The name ‘Nigeria’ was coined […] 3. It gained its independence on March 6, 1957. The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval West African Ghana Empire. It is located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea. These free-market measures revived Ghana’s economy, which by the early 1990s had one of the highest growth rates in Africa. John Evans Atta Mills of the NDC went on to narrowly defeat Akufo-Addo by less that one percentage point in a runoff election fraught with tension. The Black Star in the center taken from Black Star line in another shipping corporation which was produced by Marcus Garvey. The country shares borders with Côte Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. Ghana’s gross domestic product, export earnings, and living standards began a precipitous decline. The annual Independence Day celebration is invariably marked by a range of festivities across the country. The country returned to democratic rule in 1992 and has built a reputation as a stable, liberal economy. Celebrations also take place in different parts of the world where Ghanaians have found a second home. Edward Akuffo-Addo, Dr. J. The Gold Coast was also attractive to The British due to the wealth of natural and valuable resources to trade such as diamonds, timber, and ivory. Ghana’s Atlantic Coast is lined with old forts (castles) built by various European powers during the 17th Century. Ghana started its fight for Independence around 1830 about ten years after the British colonized it in 1821. View Images. He was reelected to a second term in 1996 with almost three-fifths of the vote. On March, 6th, 1957, Ghana became the first free country in Africa. This continued even when he decided that there was no alternative but to follow conservative economic policies—such as dropping subsidies and price controls in order to reduce inflation, privatizing many state-owned companies, and devaluing currency in order to stimulate exports—that would secure International Monetary Fund (IMF) support and other foreign aid. Location: Gulf of Guinea, Atlantic Ocean. Every year, the president delivers a speech of solidarity to Ghanaians. The December 7 poll saw a rematch between Mahama, representing the NDC, and Akufo-Addo, representing the NPP; they were the leading candidates of a field of seven that also included former first lady Nana Konadu Agyeman-Rawlings, representing the National Democratic Party (NDP). Ghana has a population of over 23 million people. A special prosecutor dedicated to rooting out corruption was appointed in 2018. Demonym: Ghanaian. The coastline is mostly a low, sandy shore backed by plains and scrub. Its official name is the Republic of Ghana. Since independence, Ghana has been devoted to ideals of nonalignment and is a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement. Before the results were released, however, the NPP had already made allegations of electoral fraud. Ghana is ranked the most peaceful country in Africa by the Global Peace Index. Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo addressing the United Nations General Assembly's 73rd session, New York City, September 26, 2018. Fighting between the members broke out. Mahama faced seven other candidates, including Akufo-Addo, who again represented the NPP. Formerly known as the Gold Coast, Ghana gained independence from Britain in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan nation to break free from colonial rule. To address the country’s economic problems, in 2015 the government received a financial assistance package from the IMF to support economic reform. The British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory lead to the formation of the nation, Ghana in the year 1957. Ghana is located in West Africa and is sandwiched between Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) and Togo. The design of Ghana’s flag, in turn, influenced that of Guinea-Bissau, which was adopted in 1973. Most internationally famous African empires and was extensively studied by the Europeans such that gaining independence the... 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