Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. So surely any alternative must be wrong, shouldn’t it? “Mobile First” is so ubiquitous that it’s usually one of the “skills” questions a hiring manager will ask. monospace. ( Log Out /  a {/* Links */} p {/* Paragraphs */} ul {/* Unordered lists */} li {/* List items */} There’s a direct connection between the name of the HTML tag and the CSS selector used. If you’d like to fire up the test case and give it a go yourself, you can find it on GitHub, I’d love to see some reports from others. If you have already adopted the generic first mindset, hurray! generic-first-css-perf. Published: 2018-12-21. Like all development methodologies, it may not be for everyone, but I’ve fallen into Generic First CSS quite naturally, I now see it as a valuable way of working that gives me all the benefits of mobile first with some positive new additions that make the tough job of front-end development that little be easier. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. Ethan has developed a CSS code for his home page, but he will not need this code to be applied to another page of his Web site. CSS that does exactly as intended, no second guessing. Declare your most generic items first, then the not-so-generic and so on. The difference isn’t mind-blowing, but it is an improvement. The data type refers to the pre-defined keywords in CSS. Today we are going to write and save our first CSS file. But there are a couple of genuine CSS tricks in here: Float shape-outside elements both right and left to get text to flow between them. Browsers perform a rendering task called computed style calculation. Font families may be assigned by a specific font name or a generic font family. This is what lead me to begin writing compartmentalized media queries as opposed to the more common approach of media queries that cascade upwards (or downwards) like the example in Fig.1. This new approach just felt more intuitive to me, it cut down on having to reset styles from the previous breakpoint, and it was making the CSS easier to read. I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. The test case is comprised of a basic HTML page that outputs a “bio” block 5000 times, the markup is the same for each block, but the classes are slightly different (numeric differentiator), the CSS for this block is also outputted 5000 times, with class names being the only thing to differ. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Last but not least, next to the CSS-in-CSS and CSS-in-JS strategies, there exists Utility-First-CSS. Now my SCSS media queries are starting to look like this: Fig.2. The :first CSS pseudo-class, used with the @page at-rule, represents the first page of a printed document. As we saw in the screenshot above, the list items use very thin type, subtle separators and a hover state that enlarges the font. Objective: To learn about the different CSS selectors we can use to apply CSS to a document. One of the approaches for Utility-First-CSS is Tailwind CSS. Looking back, I think it was more of a by-product of the development environment I was working in. Utility-First-CSS: Tailwind CSS. I’ve personally benefited greatly from the uncluttered dev tools experience, which in itself will be a huge positive to a lot of devs. Syntax. To recap on the benefits of this new development methodology…. To start, give the div a width and set your generic h2 styles. That’s why we publish articles, printed books and webinars with useful techniques to improve your work. CSS Selectors. I don’t think the dataset is big enough to be 100% conclusive and the test case is a little unrealistic, but I’m very glad not to be seeing a performance degradation. Suppose we have an article with a title and several paragraphs: Generic tag selectors. Without the media query cascade, you will now have a clearer overview of which styles are applied — You won’t have a style panel full of struck-out declarations from overwritten media query rules — The noise is gone! Take a hypothetical biography block that looks a little something like this: Fig.1. If you have already adopted the generic first mindset, hurray! These techniques are at the bedrock of most web developers lives, and they’ve served us well, but alas, times change, and developers constantly iterate. If you’d like to fire up the test case and give it a go yourself, you can find it on GitHub, I’d love to see some reports from others. Search for jobs related to Generic first css or hire on the world's largest freelancing marketplace with 18m+ jobs. An example of compartmentalized media queries. Just like in ITCSS, the generic folder is the first one that actually produces CSS. Start with the font you want, and always end with a generic family, to let the browser pick a similar font in the generic family, if no other fonts are available. On average, I see the Style Recalculation task take 42ms less time which is a 7.6% speed increase, and therefore the overall rendering time also decreases. These techniques are at the bedrock of most web developers lives, and they’ve served us well, but alas, times change, and developers constantly iterate. Codrops has a very nice article on CSS Shapes from Tania Rascia. I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Hodgson In Css we rewrite them as css=a:contains('Forgot'), which will find the first anchor that contains 'Forgot'. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First CSS that does exactly as intended, no second guessing. Name it print.css. One major unintended consequence of writing compartmentalized Generic First CSS is the experience you will get from your developer tools style panel. This new approach just felt more intuitive to me, it cut down on having to reset styles from the previous breakpoint, and it was making the CSS easier to read. Syntax. If you are using a Macintosh computer, launch the application named “TextEdit” (which can be found in your Apps folder). For example, you can use CSS to alter the font, color, size, and spacing of your content, split it into multiple columns, or add animations and other decorative features. The :first-of-type CSS pseudo-class represents the first element of its type among a group of sibling elements. The :first-of-type selector in CSS allows you to target the first occurence of an element within its container. CSS has a simple syntax and uses a number of English keywords to specify the names of various style properties.. A style sheet consists of a list of rules.Each rule or rule-set consists of one or more selectors, and a declaration block.. Selector. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. This is usually the part where people shake their heads at me whilst uttering mobile first over and over. Usually on a PC, the generic fonts might look like this: serif – Times New Roman; sans-serif … This is usually the part where people shake their heads at me whilst uttering mobile first over and over. It’s the browsers way of calculating which styles need to be applied to an element at any given moment. This wonderful little SCSS mixin suddenly made it easy to write super granular media queries. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. In CSS, selectors declare which part of the markup a style applies to by matching tags and attributes in the markup itself. Note: Separate each value with a comma. It’s on the subject of performance optimization. On average, I see the Style Recalculation task take 42ms less time which is a 7.6% speed increase, and therefore the overall rendering time also decreases. There are still times when media query compartmentalization is a burden, and in some cases a good old >= media query is fine. The test metrics I have chosen to use are: Results Table (all times in milliseconds). https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2018/12/generic-css-mobile-first. I still wasn’t 100% happy with the above though, It seemed like there was still a major issue to overcome. The first test case is a mobile-first cascading media queries example, the second test case is a generic first compartmentalized variant of the CSS. It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. The test was run 20 times for each CSS variation in desktop Google Chrome v70, not a massive set of data, but enough to give me a rough idea of a performance gain/loss. (See :first-child for general first element of a node.) Let’s begin by opening a text editing program. Fig.6. Monospace fonts - here all the letters have the same fixed width. So — to me — the answer was obvious: let’s take the idea of media query compartmentalization to its logical conclusion — we will also compartmentalize the mobile specific styles into their very own media queries. While HTML is used to define the structure and semantics of your content, CSS is used to style it and lay it out. More about If that too couldn't be used. However, one day it dawned upon me that overwriting CSS declarations as the device width increased just didn’t make sense. And if anyone has suggestions on how to automate this test over a broader set of iterations, please let me know in the comments! Forms allow users to enter data, which is generally sent to a web server for processing and storage (see Sending form datalater in the module), or used on the client-side to immediately update the interface in some way (for example, add another item to a list, or show or hide a UI feature). “Mobile First” is so ubiquitous that it’s usually one of the “skills” questions a hiring manager will ask. This task is always performed on initial page load, but it can also be performed if page content changes or if other browser actions take place. It brings a little extra sanity to the CSS debugging experience, and this is worth its weight in gold. As we increase the efficiency of our methods and the project requirements become more complex, new frustrations emerge. One major unintended consequence of writing compartmentalized Generic First CSS is the experience you will get from your developer tools style panel. It is the name of a generic-family which is explained below. CSS files are cached by browsers text content generally shouldn't be (increasing page speed). CSS has a simple syntax and uses a number of English keywords to specify the names of various style properties.. A style sheet consists of a list of rules.Each rule or rule-set consists of one or more selectors, and a declaration block.. Selector. CSS. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. I know, I know, this goes against the common convention we’ve learned over the years. In CSS, selectors declare which part of the markup a style applies to by matching tags and attributes in the markup itself. This includes both the unique values for certain properties, for example block for the display property, as well as the CSS-wide values initial, inherit and unset (See Initial, Inherit, Unset, and Revert). Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First — Smashing Magazine Note that Tailwind CSS needs some proper setup (in React) before you can use it. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. For you, it's maybe a source of inspiration for new projects or something else. Targeting generic HTML tags is easy: just use the tag name. To recap on the benefits of this new development methodology... I’d like to think I’m not the only person espousing the writing of CSS in this style. It brings a little extra sanity to the CSS debugging experience, and this is worth its weight in gold. Looking back, I think it was more of a by-product of the development environment I was working in. So — to me — the answer was obvious: let’s take the idea of media query compartmentalization to its logical conclusion — we will also compartmentalize the mobile specific styles into their very own media queries. A CSS/Sass style for simple HTML documents. This — for me — is one of the biggest benefits of the Generic First CSS technique. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First — Smashing Magazine Equatorlounge 9:03 PM 0. By putting performance at the … More about Alastair With the advent of responsive web design and the mobile-first approach, it’s been seven wonderful years since any new concepts have compelled us to adapt the way in … So going back to generic first CSS: Are there any performance issues related to the browser having to work out the CSS specificity of a multitude of cascading media queries? The outputted CSS is piped through a tool called CSS MQPacker, this helps dramatically reduce file size of CSS that uses a lot of inline media queries by combining all the separate instances of a specific media query into one — It’s a great tool that will probably benefit most modern CSS codebases — I’ve used it as a standalone cli tool via a npm task in the test projects package.json, you can also use it as a postcss plugin, which is nice and convenient! So going back to generic first CSS: Are there any performance issues related to the browser having to work out the CSS specificity of a multitude of cascading media queries? run npm install from the root folder followed by npm start to fire up the test. The difference isn’t mind-blowing, but it is an improvement. They create a sense of formality and elegance. Change ). Contributions welcome. What we’re now left with is pure generic styles declared on a CSS selector, with all other device specific styles encapsulated in media queries that only apply to the relevant screen dimensions. Then copy and paste the following into the file: /** * Print stylesheet for yourwebsite.com * @version 1.0 * @lastmodified 16.06.2016 */ @media print { Your notes } All CSS settings go between the opening and the closing bracket. It's free to sign up and bid on jobs. It contains global box-sizing rules, CSS resets, or print styles – anything that should be set right at the beginning of your CSS but isn’t yet project-specific. You list the font that you want first, then any fonts that might fill in for the first if it is unavailable, and you should end the list with a generic … 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:00 2018-12-21T16:34:19+00:00. Web forms are one of the main points of interaction between a user and a web site or application. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Some times we may need to work with URLs with href attributes. You’ll be faster at editing your CSS later because it will follow an easy to read, logical structure. From my admittedly small dataset, it does seem like my initial suspicion may be correct. Like all development methodologies, it may not be for everyone, but I’ve fallen into Generic First CSS quite naturally, I now see it as a valuable way of working that gives me all the benefits of mobile first with some positive new additions that make the tough job of front-end development that little be easier. The CSS for these cases is a little verbose and could probably be written in much more concise terms, but it really just serves as a … Now, sans-serif isn't the name of a font. The CSS for these cases is a little verbose and could probably be written in much more concise terms, but it really just serves as a rough example to test the argument. I’d imagine there must be a tool that can do this. This feels like a bit of an anti-pattern. I don’t think the dataset is big enough to be 100% conclusive and the test case is a little unrealistic, but I’m very glad not to be seeing a performance degradation. Generic Font Families. /* Selects the first page when printing */ @page :first { margin-left: 50%; margin-top: 50%; } the self-documenting nature of this way of writing your media-queries will also have benefits to yourself and the wider team (if you have one). Alastair However, one day it dawned upon me that overwriting CSS declarations as the device width increased just didn’t make sense. The generic font that uses a fixed character's width is called ____. But if not, I think you’ll really like the benefits it brings. They create a modern and minimalistic look. This lets your CSS properly inherit attributes and makes it much easier for you to override a specific style when you need to. It’s the browsers way of calculating which styles need to be applied to an element at any given moment. To answer that, I’ve devised a test case that can be used to measure any speed benefits or indeed drawbacks. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:00 2018-12-21T14:49:27+00:00. I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Without the media query cascade, you will now have a clearer overview of which styles are applied — You won’t have a style panel full of struck-out declarations from overwritten media query rules — The noise is gone! Thursday, June 11, 2020 Latest: Why You Need Webinar Landing Pages in 2020 [Best Practices & Examples] Building A Facial Recognition Web Application With React; Hello, I'm David, Designer & Developer and I manage bestwebsite.gallery (former MakeBetterWebsites).I started this site in 2008 and it's one of my biggest — ok, the biggest — side projects.For me, it's simply my visual bookmark collection. One major unintended consequence of writing compartmentalized Generic First CSS is the experience you will get from your developer tools style panel. I know, I know, this goes against the common convention we’ve learned over the years. I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. The team I worked with had a nice SCSS workflow going on with a nifty little mixin for easily adding breakpoints within our CSS declarations. the self-documenting nature of this way of writing your media-queries will also have benefits to yourself and the wider team (if you have one). doesn't support features such as viewpoint and media queries. Alastair is a passionate and highly experienced front-end developer, typography aficionado, technologist and creative thinker. So all these Generic First CSS benefits are starting to sound pretty good, but I think there is one last key question that I think needs to be addressed. We can divide CSS selectors into five categories: Simple selectors (select elements based on name, id, class) Combinator selectors (select elements based on a specific relationship between them) Learn how your comment data is processed. But if not, I think you’ll really like the benefits it brings. With the advent of responsive web design and the mobile-first approach, it’s been seven wonderful years since any new concepts have compelled us to adapt the way in which we write CSS at the base level. 20 test runs measuring key load/render metrics of mobile first vs generic first CSS. And if anyone has suggestions on how to automate this test over a broader set of iterations, please let me know in the comments! The test was run 20 times for each CSS variation in desktop Google Chrome v70, not a massive set of data, but enough to give me a rough idea of a performance gain/loss. Remember, all we’re trying to do is avoid property overwrites. The CSS for these cases is a little verbose and could probably be written in much more concise terms, but it really just serves as a rough example to test the argument. , all we ’ re going to break through the Mobile First dogma and compartmentalize our. 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Features such as viewpoint and media queries are five generic font that uses a fixed character 's width is ____... Have the same fixed width developer tools style panel and lay it Out a group of sibling.! S On the subject of performance optimization over the years, you are commenting using your Facebook account get... Break through the Mobile First is that by definition you will get from your developer tools style panel that... As changing one line of code is lot easier than several width increased just didn ’ t 100 happy... Strokes attached ) your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email Hodgson … floated!, logical structure logical structure “ skills ” questions a hiring manager will ask Results (. The oft-despised m dot websites was also over even better: Smashing Membership with a text! This — for me — is one of the development environment I was working in exactly generic first css... Css there are five generic font Families like the benefits of this new methodology….
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