Nests may be solitary or built in groups of more than 80 nests. Redbreast sun­ fish exploit a variety of ecological conditions and habitats from sea level to at least 1,345meterselevation Scientific Name: Lepomis auritus. They may also be found along the shorelines of lakes and ponds. Redbreasts are prized game fish and are caught on natural baits and artificial lures. Redbreast sunfish grow at a slow rate and may reach lengths of 6 to 8 inches, though they can attain 11 to 12 inches and weigh about a pound. It appears to prefer clear waters with abundant cover. Traces of these spots can sometimes be seen tapering on the edge of the tail or caudal fin where the body connects. Teeth are present on the roof of the mouth. Male guards the nest and keeps eggs “dusted” of silt until they hatch. The redbreast sunfish is laterally compressed or flattened like other sunfishes; however, it has a more elongated body than other sunfishes. This species is found in rocky and sandy pools of creeks and small to medium rivers. The redbreast's body is a bluish-green that fades into a bright orange-yellow belly in females and a deep orange-red belly in males. Individuals can grow to 790 g. Redbreast Sunfish has sexual reproduction. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species. Florida Youth Conservation Centers Network, See a full list of our Social Media accounts. Habitat -- Rocky areas of ponds and lakes. There appears to be little in the literature to identify redbreast sunfish habitat in more than a generalized manner. Like other sunfish the males are more brightly colored especially during the spawning season. When stocking sunfish, consider adding the restructure to the mix. It is considered to be a locally common species. In streams they appear to inhabit areas of slower flow, pools and backwaters that are generally over rock or gravel substrates (Scott and Crossman 1998). Shadows and holes around submerged rocks or near shore along overhanging banks and often at the ends of long swirling currents, in streams and rivers. The redbreast sunfish feeds predominantly on aquatic and terrestrial insects, crayfish, mollusks and other fish. Redbreast sunfish is a freshwater fish occurring in eastern rivers in the U. S. and Canada, including the Gulf of Mexico drainage. Redbreast sunfish prefer sandy or rocky areas, especially where sand and rocks are found along with woody cover such as tree roots or undercut banks. 2009. redbreast sunfish is considered by many investigators to be predominantly a stream-dwellingspecies, but it can successfully establish populations in lacustrine and palustrine (river-swamp)environments. Common Name: Redbreast Sunfish. It prefers the same habitat as Smallmouth Bass and Rock Bass, and is often found in the larger rivers with them, but frequents the shallower water. Unlike other sunfish, redbreast can be caught at night, using a wide variety of lures and baits. FOIA | Privacy Policy The type species of its genus, it is native to the river systems of eastern Canada and the United States. Spawning Habits. Habitat This species is found in slower sections of rivers and vegetated lake margins over a variety of substrates. In winter, redbreast sunfish congregate in deeper waters and remain inactive under the ice until spring. Habitat suitability index models and instream flow suitability curves. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission • Farris Bryant Building Redbreast sunfish spawn during late May through the end of July when water temperatures are from 65 degrees to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. The species prefers vegetated and rocky pools and lake margins for its habitat. HOW. Also inhabits in the rocky and vegetated margins of lakes. Weight with a few split shot Lures -- Small spinners & twisters Lure Color -- Black, brown and green Line -- 4-8 lb. Late April and early May. Some species of fish that are commonly mistaken for this species: Rohde, Fred C, Arndt, Rudolf G., Foltz, Jeffery W., Quattro, Joseph M. 2009. overview; data; media Not listed in legal texts Common names and synonyms. The caudal fin is generally an orange-red color. They prefer areas of slower flow, preferably sandy bottoms. The Redbreast Sunfish's original range was coastal plain rivers and streams throughout eastern North America into Canada. Use a lightweight line (under 4 lbs. The redbreast sunfish is a native sunfish that prefers clear, slowly-flowing water. Native Range Occurs only in Eastern North America. Biology Redbreast sunfish spawn in the spring when water temperatures approach 20oC. Both males and females have vertical rows of red-brown to orange spots on the sides of the body. A great eating and hard fighting fish for its Sunfish pan size Bait -- Minnows, crayfish, grubs, nightcrawlers, hellgrammites, on a light wire hook-drifted along bottom. Spawning occurs in North Carolina in June, when water temperatures reach 68ºF (20ºC) (Davis, 1972). RANGE, HABITAT, BEHAVIOR, AND DIET The native range for redbreast sunfish is the eastern US from Maine to Central Florida. ), a thin, small bobber and small hooks. Phone Numbers | Accessibility | The redbreast sunfish can be found areas with slow-moving or sluggish water such as pools and backwaters of streams and rivers and upstream reaches of reservoirs. The operculum or gill cover has a distinguishing long black lobe. Redbreast reach six inches in about two to three years. A very long black ear flap distinguishes this fish from other Florida bream. Not available Legal status. HABITAT AND BIOLOGY: Redbreast sunfish occur in a wide variety of habitats, from small streams to large rivers and reservoirs. Redbreast Sunfish Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758). Find Redbreast Sunfish throughtout Florida in the freshwater canals, Lacs, rivers and ponds. The redbreast sunfish is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family of order Perciformes. Principal food organisms are bottom-dwelling insect larvae, snails, clams, shrimp, crayfish, and small fish. Blue lines can be found on the face or cheek area of the redbreast sunfish. Compared to some sunfish, redbreasts grow slowly. Males construct large saucer-shaped nests typically in shallow waters on sand or gravel substrates. 620 S. Meridian St. • Tallahassee, FL • (850) 488-4676 Redbreast Sunfish (Lepomis auritus) General Information Differentiated from the bluegill and pumpkinseed by its long opercular flap and bright red breast, the redbreast sunfish is found throughout the state amid a vast array of environmental conditions. Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries Division. Common in rivers of north Florida, but absent from south Florida. They prefer areas with a sandy bottom and generally avoid areas that are stagnant or heavily vegetated. Testing out my gopro and catching redbreast at Blackwater creek. Also known as river bream and redbellies, these are the flowing water cousins of bluegill. Description: (Anatomy of a Fish) Type of Water: The Redbreast Sunfish lives in a variety of habitats, from small creeks to big rivers and reservoirs. Redbreast sunfish inhabit rocky and sandy pools of creeks and small to medium rivers. Preferred Habitat: Redbreast prefer the clear flowing streams of North Carolina’s sandhill and coastal plains. Data Disclaimer: Number of records does not imply species abundance. Natura 2000 sites. Identification: The redbreast sunfish is very deep-bodied and strongly compressed laterally.The opercle, or gill cover, is long and black with no colored border. Our collection of two brightly colored, gravid specimens in Halawakee Creek, Lee County, on 7 May 1993 indicates a slightly earlier spawning season in Alabama. Adult Size: Size is typically between 5 and 7 inches in Maine . Range / Habitat. 1000 Assembly Street, Columbia, SC 29201 Habitat requirements and life history: Other common names for this fish include: redbelly, robin, yellowbelly sunfish, bream, river bream, sun perch and redbreast bream. Range: Redbreast are found statewide, even in the smallest foothill streams. Habitat. This summary represent collection records only and may not reflect the actual distribution of established populations. It is associated with freshwater habitat. Houston (1989) suggests that they may be adapted to a wide range of habitats. Also known as river bream and redbellies, these are the flowing water cousins of bluegill. Copyright 1999 - 2020 State of Florida. collect. The redbreast sunfish (Lepomis auritus) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (family Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes.The type species of its genus, it is native to the river systems of eastern Canada and the United States.The redbreast sunfish reaches a maximum recorded length of about 30 cm (12 in), with a maximum recorded weight of 790 g (1.7 lb). REDBREAST SUNFISH Lepomis auritus. They can be found in areas with woody debris, stumps, undercut banks, shoreline riprap and rocky points. However, there are several factors included in considering redear sunfish lifespan. Freshwater Fishes of South Carolina. Redbreast Sunfish are the most sensitive of the sunfishes to human impact. They take any type of small natural bait, spinners, spoons, plugs, artificial flies and popping bugs. Redbreast sunfish frequently concentrate around boulders, logs, aquatic vegetation or tree roots. The redbreast sunfish can be found areas with slow-moving or sluggish water such as pools and backwaters of streams and rivers and upstream reaches of reservoirs. They can be found in areas with woody debris, stumps, undercut banks, shoreline riprap and rocky points. Common Names: robin, redbelly. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, South Carolina. Redbreast Sunfish Management and Fishing in Pennsylvania CAUGHT IN PA Young angler with an exceptional Redbreast Sunfish that she caught while participating in a SMART angler program held along Neshaminy Creek in Tyler State Park Habitat. Origin: Native . Common in rivers of north Florida, but absent from south Florida. The all-tackle world record is a 1-pound 12-ounce fish from Florida in 1984. South Carolina Guide to Freshwater Fishes. The popularity afforded to South Carolina's low country blackwater rivers can be attributed to the redbreast sunfish fishery they support. Fishing Tips and Facts: The same live baits that work for bluegill will also catch redbreast sunfish. It can tolerate silted, turbid water. REDBREAST SUNFISH & ROCK BASS FISHING TIPS WHERE. Redbreast sunfish - Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus, 1758) Images from the web. Habitat. Riffles and pockets behind rock in rivers and streams. Habitat. Redbellies often can be found in backwater areas with less flow, especially where there are sandy bottoms. In adult males of this species the lobe is actually longer than in the longear sunfish. Fertilized eggs are sticky and clump together in the nest. Pursuant to section 120.74, Florida Statutes, the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission has published its 2019 Agency Regulatory Plan. Redbreast Sunfish. Redbreast sunfish are not found in South Florida, and have been introduced to parts of Texas, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama and South Dakota. It has been introduced as far west as Texas. webmaster@dnr.sc.gov. 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