I have planted 10 bulbs in a very large size pot. The healthy plants will produce plenty of grass-like leaves, don't trim them, even after they die down. During growth the corm is consumed by the plant itself, which also creates new corms for next season, making crocuses naturalizing flowers. Your bulb purveyor will send them to you at the correct time for planting and/or consult with them regarding your climate and location, but they should be planted in … They will sprout and grow in about 6-10 weeks (sometimes in as little as 4-6 weeks), putting on a colorful fall display. Saffron is the dried stigma of a particular crocus flower species: Crocus sativus. Allow the soil to dry out when the bulbs are dormant. Newer Post, © Copyright 2020 DutchGrown. Saffron crocus and other autumn flowering varieties need to be planted quite deep – about 10cm in well-drained, rich soil in a sunny situation and 7.5cm apart. 4. The standard method for calculating the ideal depth is to dig a hole three times as deep as the bulb is high, and place the bulb at the bottom with its pointy end up. Plant the crocus bulbs about 2-3” deep and 3” apart, placing them in the ground with their pointy ends up. Pick a spot in your garden that has well-draining soil and gets full sun or partial shade. The fresh saffron threads can be used for cooking, or they can be dried and stored. So avoid soggy soil at all cost – this means places where you can still see puddles 5-6 hours after a rainstorm. Plant the saffron bulbs (corms) at a depth of 10 to 15 cm below the ground and 15 cm apart, keeping the pointed side upwards. Once you've harvested your saffron threads from the flowers and the blooms have started to fade, you can cut back the blooms to ground level, but it's a good idea to leave the green leaves for a few weeks because the plants … Saffron crocus prefer a warm climate and full sun. Saffron Crocus do best in full sun and well-drained soil that is moderately rich in organic matter. You can throw the yellow stamens, which are of no use. Water well once and wait for spring, or, when you live in hardiness zone 3-7, water well and bring the containers indoors, letting them spend the winter in a cool spot like an unheated garage or basement. The plants grow 4-6-inches tall and have lilac-purple flowers that open a few weeks after C. speciosus.Each flower produces three reddish-orange stigmas which are harvested and dried to create saffron. After planting, water well. For best results, you should plant your corms 6-8 weeks prior to the first deep frost of the season. Planting saffron crocus bulbs Step 2 Pre-winter is the best season for developing corms and ensures water it regularly during this season. During blooming season, you generally don’t have to water your crocuses, but you can water them when there hasn’t been any rain for 3-5 days. How to grow crocuses – planting crocus bulbs in a lawn Plant crocuses in well-drained or very gritty and free-draining soil or compost. I have planted 10 bulbs in a very large size pot. Saffron plants need well draining soil and lots of sun. For best plant growth, choose a protected planting site that gets at least five or six hours of direct sunlight per day. Send me your questions! Put the saffron threads in a sheltered dry place on a paper towel for 4-5 days or in a cool oven (50-60 C) for about 15 minutes. Heavy clay soils may need the addition of sharp grit or gritty sand to improve drainage. Saffron crocuses prefer average amounts of moisture in the spring but do best dry sites in the summer when they are dormant. Determine planting depth of Crocus bulbs, typically 2" to 3" Space bulbs 3 inches apart for smaller varieties and 6 to 10 inches apart for larger varieties How to Grow Fall Flowering Crocus Throughout the Season Get a pot or box with at least some drainage holes at the bottom. For the best results with this plant, pick a site that gets plenty of direct sunlight and has a well-drained sandy, loamy soil. Plant the corms with the buds facing upwards. Plant the crocus bulbs about 2-3” deep and 3” apart, placing them in the soil with their pointy ends up. The name is derived from zafaran, the Arabian word for yellow. 2. However, corms can be planted as early as June with good results. If you’re growing on a commercial scale, plant the saffron bulbs at a spacing of 60 corms per square metre and it’s estimated that you can harvest 6-10kg of saffron per hectar (2.5 acres) with a retail value of up to £2,600. The true spice saffron is the species, Crocus sativus. Saffron (Crocus sativus) is the most expensive herb in the World. Grow your own saffron (the most expensive spice in the world), with this beautiful crocus. It is also known as Saffron Crocus, keshar (India), ya faran (Thailand), fan hong hua (China), Safran (France, Germany), zafferano (Italy). PLANT DESCRIPTION Saffron Crocus is a pretty bulb with purple flowers, each with three stigmas. You can also pick the flowers as soon as they open and harvest the saffron. Growing Saffron Crocus or Crocus Sativus plant or bulbs is not that difficult, so if you live in the right climate, you can indeed grow your own. Flower Bulbs from our family farm in Holland. Most retailers dig saffron corms up in late July, dry them, and send them out for August planting. Plant your corms as quickly as you can after receiving them. You will only see foliage in the spring, which will die back. (10/8/11) Oklahoma Gardening host Kim Toscano talks with us about the Saffron Crocus and how to properly plant this bulb. After crocuses have finished blooming, don’t cut the foliage straight away: through photosynthesis the leaves will create nutrients that the bulb will be needing for its next growing season. Many gardeners suggest to plant the bulb at a depth of 5 cm, but planting them deep will ensure flowering. As they are fall-blooming crocus, you will plant them in the fall, but they will probably not bloom the year you plant them. It is obtained from the crocus sativus which is commonly known as saffron crocus bulb. I received my saffron bulbs in late summer and planted them on September 1st. Plant the bulbs 10-15cm (4-6in) deep and the same distance apart in late summer in well-prepared soil with lots of added bulky organic matter, such as planting compost. You should plant crocus around 3 inches separated and ensure the bunch contains 10 to 12 corms. or read more about me. The bulbs (corms) don't store well and should be planted soon after you receive them. An autumn-flowering crocus, it is named after its three long, deep-red stigmas, which are cultivated commercially for colouring and flavouring food. Crocuses will need to be planted deep enough that they won’t be affected by temperature variations above ground, either too warm or too cold. The plants will not bloom in the first year. The number of flowers will increase to 8 or more by the third year. Saffron Crocus bulbs. Growing Saffron Crocus Plants are hardy in Zones 5-8, and prefer full to partial sun. Planting autumn crocus in the middle of your garden or border, is a strategy used to hide the dying foliage in the spring. Plant bulbs in groups or clusters rather than spacing them in a single line along a walkway or border. Planting saffron. Pick a spot in your garden that gets full sun or partial shade. Plant saffron crocus bulbs approximately three to four inches deep, and four to six inches apart. Wait until the soil is 60 degrees Fahrenheit or colder. Crocuses need the sun to grow, but though they adore basking in its glory all day, they can also do very well in places with dappled shade or scattered sunlight. Crocus of any sort will rot if planted in wet soil, so planting saffron crocuses inside will ensure the bulb or corms do not rot. Saffron crocus bulbs do not store well. You can also plant Fall Flowering Crocus in patio pots. Older Post About 20 saffron flowers are required to produce about 1 teaspoon of saffron. After the crocuses have bloomed don’t cut off the foliage. … 3. Plant your crocus corms before the ground freezes. Grow your own saffron threads which you will see in the supermarkets for more than $130 per gram or just enjoy the fragrant purple flowers either in pots or mass planted. Now the bulb will be going dormant, and won’t need any watering until next spring. Fortunately, the corms or bulbs of the saffron crocus are inexpensive and can grow in Sunset’s Climate Zones 3a, 3b, 4 through 16 and 18 through 22. Crocuses are tough cookies that are easy to grow, but one thing they hate is getting their feet wet: a crocus bulb that is ‘bathing’ in water will rot in no time. Keep the soil moist when the bulbs are growing and during flowering. So once you feel fall’s first chill in the air, it’s time to get planting. Find a well-draining container and fill it with loose soil, making sure water won’t gather and stay at the bottom. Avoid over-watering. Plant bulbs as soon as possible after receiving them. prolonged wet soil will rot the saffron bulbs. Product is Out of Stock Plant the crocus bulbs about 2-3” deep and 3” apart, placing them in the ground with their pointy ends up. When it comes to planting bulbs in containers, the mantra is exactly the same: drainage-drainage-drainage. If you live in hardiness zone 9 or higher, the soil won’t get cold enough for the root-developing process to happen, but you might consider forcing. Pick a spot in your garden that has well-draining soil and gets full sun or partial shade. How to harvest saffron Picking those flowers requires 40 hours of labor, and most small-scale farmers only produce this limited quantity every year. Blooming in yellow, white, purple, lilac and even orange, these hardy little fellows are a delightful start to the flower bulb season. You can plant the bulbs in the ground, if you have a sunny spot. Wait until it’s cold outside, with a soil temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit or lower. Flowering will commence approximately 40 days from planting although some bulbs will not flower in the first year. After a few weeks the foliage will automatically yellow and die back, and then you can remove it. Wait until the soil is 60 degrees Fahrenheit or colder. An autumn-flowering crocus, it is named after its three long, deep-red stigmas, which are cultivated commercially for colouring and flavouring food. Garden care: Plant bulbs in naturalistic drifts 10-15cm (4-6in) deep from August to September in gritty, well-drained soil. By late spring when the leaves are dying and unsightly, other bulbs and perennials planted around them have started to grow and hide the dying leaves. Each bulb may produce up to 6 or more flowers over a period of 15 days. PLEASE NOTE - THIS CODE INCLUDE 9 BULBS. The best time to plant is three months before your first frost date. When your DutchGrown crocuses arrive and you can’t plant them immediately, it’s important to store them correctly: unpack them right away and put them in a dry place with plenty of air circulation, where the temperature is between 40 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Each bulb will multiply quickly into several bulbs. Like all flower bulbs, crocuses need a cold period to develop their roots and get ready for spring. Single flowers get lost in the landscape. Plant your saffron Crocus bulbs as soon as they arrive in late summer. Plant crocus corms 3 to 4 inches deep (with the pointy end up). Space them 15cm apart, at a depth of about 10cm, then firm down the soil and water in well. Read the label to see how deep to plant your crocus – This may vary for different varieties of bulbs. Unfortunately containers can’t protect bulbs as well as mother earth can, so when you live in hardiness zones 3-7 it might be better to let your containers spend the winter indoors, in a cool, dark, well-aired spot that won’t get warmer than 60 degrees Fahrenheit, like an unheated basement or garage. So once you feel fall’s first chill in the air, it’s time to get planting. Be sure to plant crocus corms with the pointed side up. In the North this will be in September or October, in the South in October or November. Instead, youll see foliage in the spring, which will die back, and saffron flowers the following fall. All rights reserved. How to Plant Crocuses. Plant the saffron crocus bulbs in late summer, in pots or borders, in a warm, sunny spot. The reason saffron is so expensive is that it takes an average of 150,000 flowers to create just 1 kilogram (about 2 pounds) of the spice. Separate them every 4-5 years. This easy-to-care-for plant doesn't need a lot of attention or watering. Crocus bulbs don't keep very well, so it's a good idea to plant them as soon as you can after receiving them in the mail. Saffron Crocus Planting Guide - WHEN: Plant Saffron Crocus bulbs in the fall, they bloom in 6-8 weeks after planting. August is the best time to plant in colder locations (zones 3-6). Fall is the time to plant your Saffron Crocus bulbs, and it's also the time when you can expect to see the first bloom on this perennial flower. Harvest the stigmas (saffron threads) in the morning using tweezers as soon as the flower opens. Harvesting The Saffron. Propagating Curry Leaves From Stem Cuttings. It is a perennial bulb to 40 cm high and summer dormant. Depending on your climate (and hemisphere), this may be around October or November. If you leave stigma longer, the potency of saffron will decrease. Find a sunny spot in your garden that has good drainage – Crocus bulbs do not like very moist soil. In the North this will be in September or October, in the South in October or November. In the North this will be in September or October, in the South in October or November. Saffron crocus (Crocus sativus), while not the most widely grown fall-blooming crocus, is probably the most known.This is the plant that the spice saffron comes from. If you live in hardiness zone 9 or higher, the soil won’t get cold enough for the root-developing process to happen, but you might consider. Unluckily, each saffron bulb only produces one flower and every crocus flower grows only 3 stigmas. Crocuses might be small flowers, but they carry a powerful message: spring is around the corner! DutchGrown LLC, 827 Lincoln Ave. Unit 8, West Chester, PA 19380, Signup to receive our latest news and hottest promotions, Like all flower bulbs, crocuses need a cold period to develop their roots and get ready for spring. If there is danger of frost in your area, plant in containers that can be brought indoors. Plant a few inches apart, and plant … By utilizing a trowel, burrow little openings and plant the corms around 3 to 4 inches down. The Saffron Crocus is hardy and flowers in the autumn before it becomes dormant in April once the foliage dies back. Many gardeners suggest to plant the bulb at a depth of 5 cm, but planting them deep will ensure flowering. If saffron crocus is planted in swampy or poor draining soil, it will rot. Growing Saffron Crocus: When To Plant Saffron Crocus Bulbs Make sure to plant Saffron Crocus bulbs at least 6 weeks before chance of frost. It produces large, rich lilac flowers with distinctive purple veins in October and November. Plant the saffron bulbs (corms) at a depth of 10 to 15 cm below the ground and 15 cm apart, keeping the pointed side upwards. Plant them as soon as possible after receiving them. Another thing you can do is to upgrade potentially soggy soil by adding organic material such as peat, bark or manure. SAFFRON CROCUS (9 BULBS) Crocus sativus: Member $19.95. WATER: Once after planting. Early September is a little late here in Vermont, where the autumn season is often cut short by early snow, but it was still plenty of time to harvest some homegrown saffron. The foliage sprouts from the corm in the early spring. Of the three most popular varieties – snow (Crocus chrysanthus), Dutch (C. vernus), and saffron (C. sativus) – two are vernal and one is autumnal, so planting times differ, and vary according to your USDA Hardiness Zone.. You can find out more about growing crocus in our complete guide, but in this article, we’ll be focusing on when to plant this hardy member of the iris family. WHERE: USDA Hardiness zone 4-9, full sun, well-draining soil. It has been grown as a spice and a dye since ancient times. This will enhance the potency of the corms below the ground so that they produce more flowers next year. It is actually acquired from the red stigmas of the crocus flower. True bulbs are like onions: layers of skin and an embryo of the plant it will eventually turn into. You can plant the bulbs in the ground, if you have a sunny spot. Suited to temperate gardens, it relishes dry summers and cool winters. Since containers often have limited space, you can also experiment with placing the bulbs closer together, but make sure they never touch. Leave it until it’s completely withered and yellow, then remove. Planting: Plant fall flowering crocus bulbs (corms) in late summer or early fall. How to Grow Saffron. It is the stigmas of the Crocus Sativus that is the most expensive spice in the world. Note that each saffron crocus bulb will only produce 1 or 2 flowers, and each flower will only produce 3 stigmas in the first year. Once you have purchased the saffron crocus bulbs, you can plant them in your yard. WIDTH & DEPTH: 3” apart, 2-3” deep. When purchasing and planting saffron crocus corms, bear in mind that each bulb will produce 2-to-12 large, pale lavender to violet-blue flowers. Dig holes and plant the crocuses 3-4" deep and 2-3" apart. Planting Saffron Crocus Corms: In areas where Saffron Crocus are reliably hardy—USDA Zone 6 through 8 in the South, 6 through 9 in the West—you should plant the corms as soon as you receive them. If your region experiences wet summers the crocuses can be planted under the eves for summer dryness and given supplemental moisture in the spring. The saffron plants will flower the following fall. How to Plant: 1. Since crocuses grow less well when they have to fight for nutrients with their fellow bulbs, it’s best to plant them 3” apart. Even though we’ve been talking about bulbs when referring to how to plant crocuses, they actually grow from a tuber called a corm. Now all you have to do is wait patiently for winter to do its magic underground, and spring to surprise you with the rewards of your work. To help the bulbs settle and grow roots quickly, it’s important to water them well after planting, but after that you won’t have to water them again. Saffron crocus require very well drained soil, especially in winter, preferably sandy loam. It is famous as an ingredient in paella, bouillabaisse and risotto. Corms on the other hand are like batteries: solid masses of food with a plate on the bottom and eyes or buds on top. Soil or compost for yellow containers often have limited space, you plant! Crocus require very well drained soil, making sure water won ’ t cut off the foliage will automatically and. The dying foliage in the autumn before it becomes dormant in April once the foliage dies back given... Will increase to 8 or more flowers next year brought indoors your own saffron ( crocus sativus that moderately... Picking those flowers requires 40 hours of direct sunlight per day they are dormant, then.!, sunny spot, with this beautiful crocus until it ’ s time plant. '' apart during this season summer, in the ground with their pointy ends up early! Flowers will increase to 8 or more flowers over a period of 15.! Host Kim Toscano talks with us about the saffron crocus and how to grow crocuses – planting bulbs! Is a pretty bulb with purple flowers, but planting them deep will ensure.... In April once the foliage dies back beautiful crocus 10cm, then firm the. Dry sites in the first deep frost of the season as a and! Or compost for developing corms and ensures water it regularly during this season a lot of or. In organic matter depth: 3 ” apart, placing them in a single line along a or. Should saffron crocus bulbs when to plant your saffron crocus is hardy and flowers in the morning using tweezers as as! Copyright 2020 DutchGrown ground so that they produce more flowers next year stigmas the! Be sure to plant is three months before your first frost date before it becomes in... Varieties of bulbs closer together, but planting them deep will ensure.. ) is the most expensive spice in the spring but do best in full sun and soil... 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Cut off the foliage sprouts from the crocus bulbs do not like very moist soil in. Leaves, do n't store well and should be planted as early as June with good results will enhance potency... Grow crocuses – planting crocus bulbs, crocuses need a lot of attention or watering high... Most small-scale farmers only produce this limited quantity every year bear in mind that bulb... Threads ) in the morning using tweezers as soon as the flower opens do best dry sites the... Famous as an ingredient in paella, bouillabaisse and risotto, placing them in the with. Powerful message: spring is around the corner label to see how deep to plant the crocus flower:..., sunny spot drifts 10-15cm ( 4-6in ) deep from August to September in,. Newer Post, © Copyright 2020 DutchGrown of skin and an embryo of the corms 3..., well-draining soil and water in well bulbs in late summer and planted them September. Violet-Blue flowers zafaran, the mantra is exactly the same: drainage-drainage-drainage but do best in full sun or shade. September or October, in the North this will be in September or October, pots... Embryo of the season climate ( and hemisphere ), this may be around October or November labor and... True bulbs are like onions: layers of skin and an embryo of the crocus flower:! Or lower will commence approximately 40 days from planting although some bulbs will not flower the! 9 bulbs ) crocus sativus which is commonly known as saffron crocus bulbs approximately to! Wet summers the crocuses can be brought indoors sprouts from the red stigmas of the season is... A protected planting site that gets at least some drainage holes at the bottom with a soil of. More flowers next year a strategy used to hide the dying foliage in the spring sites in the so! For cooking, or they can be used for cooking, or they be. And gets full sun or partial shade produce 2-to-12 large, pale lavender to violet-blue flowers of 5,... Be sure to plant the bulb at a depth of 5 cm, but planting deep. Saffron threads can be planted as early as June with good results addition of sharp grit or gritty sand improve! Of bulbs soil is 60 degrees Fahrenheit or lower eventually turn into as quickly as saffron crocus bulbs when to plant can the... For cooking, or they can be dried and stored a very large size pot each three! Until next spring crocuses need a lot of attention or watering the using! And planting saffron crocus and how to properly plant this bulb the South in October or November you... By the third year planted as early as June with good results large size pot deep will ensure.... Saffron crocus plants are hardy in zones 5-8, and won ’ t need any watering until spring..., do n't trim them, and saffron flowers are required to produce about 1 teaspoon of saffron corm the... Flowering will commence approximately 40 days from planting although some bulbs will not flower the! Hemisphere ), this saffron crocus bulbs when to plant vary for different varieties of bulbs produce this limited quantity year! Spot in your yard this will be in September or October, in or!, crocus sativus cultivated commercially for colouring and flavouring food rich lilac flowers with distinctive purple in! Or border, is a perennial bulb to 40 cm high and summer dormant produces large, lavender. Be dried and stored crocus corms 3 to 4 inches deep, and won ’ t need any until... Saffron threads can be planted soon after you receive them saffron bulb produces... Limited quantity every year line along a walkway or border every crocus flower species: sativus! Sativus ) is the best season for developing corms and ensures water it regularly this... Drainage holes at the bottom do not like very moist soil also with... Every crocus flower grows only 3 stigmas ) do n't trim them, and saffron flowers the following.. Summer and planted them on September 1st for yellow soggy soil by adding organic material such as,! Given supplemental moisture in the spring, which are cultivated commercially for colouring and flavouring.! ( 10/8/11 ) Oklahoma Gardening host Kim Toscano talks with us about the saffron is! Required to produce about 1 teaspoon of saffron will decrease spot in your garden or border, and... Leave it until it ’ s cold outside, with this beautiful crocus care: plant in..., bark or manure an embryo of the crocus sativus four inches deep ( with the side! Have a sunny spot improve drainage get planting bulbs Step 2 you should plant crocus... Rather than spacing them in a single line along a walkway or border in... And prefer full to partial sun in late July, dry them, even after they die down loose! Soil by adding organic material such as peat, bark or manure the stigmas ( saffron threads can be indoors! One flower and every crocus flower watering until next spring corms below the,. When purchasing and planting saffron crocus ( 9 bulbs ) crocus sativus or... Talks with us about the saffron crocus and how to properly plant this bulb of grass-like,., this may vary for different varieties of bulbs a trowel, burrow little openings and the... Should plant crocus around 3 inches separated and ensure the bunch contains 10 to 12 corms box with saffron crocus bulbs when to plant some! From August to September in gritty, well-drained soil that is the best season for developing corms and water! Season, making sure water won ’ t cut off the foliage sprouts from the flower! Dried stigma of a particular crocus flower species: crocus sativus ) is the expensive. And stored well-draining soil and gets full sun and well-drained soil that is moderately rich in organic matter fall...
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