It is generated by the Antheraeamyiitta silkworm, which mainly thrives on the Asan and Arjun food plants. Ericulture: an Ideal Avenue for Sustainable Livelihood.- Chapter 13. This silkworm is raised in China for its silk. Temperate Tasar Silk Also called oak tasar silk in India, this silk is a relatively recent innovation. ), Bogori (Zizyphus jujuba Mill) etc. Temperate or Oak tasar culture is of recent origin in India being practiced in its sub-Himalayan belt extending from Kashmir in North to Manipur in east. Thirty-five species have been recorded : thirty one in the Indo –Australian biogeographic region, three in palaeartic region and one in the U.S.A. . It is found in the sub-Himalayan belt in parts of Assam, Manipur, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar. (India). The Taser cocoon is a very large, size 5 x 3 cm, oval shape, and weight from 7 to 14 gm. Introduction | Silk Textiles in MEM | Glossary | References | Acknowledgments | Anthropological Entomology | MEM, Page Author: Jennifer Seltzer: jls30@entomology.msstate.edu     Singh and B.C. (b) Temperate Tasar Silkworm; (i) A.proyeli (ii) A. papha. Colors are from natural vegetable dyes. It is the source of Tussah spinning fiber that we use in the West. Member Secretary & CEO, Central Silk Board, CSB Complex, B.T.M. (Its host plants are Sal, Oak, Fig.etc.) Tasar is a variety of silk produced from tropical tasar silkworm (Antheraea mylitta) and temperate tasar silkworm (Antheraea proyeli J) by feeding on Arjun (Terminalia arjuna), Asan (Terminalia tomentosa) and Oak plants (Querecus sp.). 1. It is the source of tussah spinning fiber that is used in the West. Publishing Corp., New Delhi. The food plants is oak plant. In China, they are fed on plantations of specially trimmed oak trees … The oak tract extending from Jammu and Kash-mir in the West to Manipur in the east, embracing Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland inhabits the temperate tasar silkworm. Besides these, the silkworm feeds on Phutuka (Melastoma melabathricum Linn. Tropical Lepidoptera Research 22(2): 93-99. However , 2004. Eri Silkworm: Philosamia ricinii (Its host plant is castor, Ricinus communis.) It is referred to as Tussah, Chinese Tussah, Oak Tussah, or Temperate Tussah. The proylei silk is the finest tasar silk ever produced in India, and the insect has outrun its … It is actually one of a number of tasar silkworms, species that produce Tussar silk, a kind of wild silk that is made from the products of saturniid silkworms instead of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). xvii + 254 pp., 48 color figures. The site is running on Beta Version. Mishra, D. Kumar, B.M.K. However , This silkworm is raised in China for its silk. This silkworm is raised in China for its silk. Besides these, the silkworm feeds on Phutuka (Melastoma melabathricum Linn. It is valued for its rich texture and natural deep gold color. The filament length ranges from 800 m to 1500 m. Muga Silk: It is produced in India. Srivastav, P. K. and K. Thangavelu. The active phase of life cycle of tasar silkworm begins with the onset of monsoon when the silk moth emerges from the pupa by piercing through the cocoon. Muga Silkworm: Antheraea assemiensis (Its host plant is Machilus.) It is referred to as Tussah, Chinese Tussah, Oak Tussah, or Temperate Tussah. Muga Silkworm: Antheraea assemiensis(Its host plant is Machilus.) Host plant of silkworms plays a major role in the quality as well as the quantity of silk produced. Bombyx mori (mulberry silkworm) feeds on mulberry leaves, Philosomia ricini (eri silkworm) on castor leaves, Anthraea assama (muga silkworm) on som and soalu leaves, Anthraea proylei (temperate/oak tasar silkworm) on oak leaves, and Anthraea mylitta (tropical tasar silkworm) on Terminalia leaves. Besides, there are over fifty forms /variants/aberrants/races -twenty –five of A. mylitta alone. Four species of the genus Antheraea Hubner and used for commercial production: the tropical tasar silkworm: A. mylitta D.(India) and the temperate silkworms: A. proylei J. While making tea, Xilingji accidentally dropped a silkworm cocoon into a cup of hot water and found that the silk fiber could be loosened and unwound. Muga Silkworm: Antheraea assemiensis(Its host plant is Machilus.) Large quantity of Indian and Chinese tasar cocoons are utilized to produce various types of textiles. Chinese nonmulberry temperate oak tasar/tussah, Antheraea pernyi (Ap) silk is a natural biopolymer that has attracted considerable attention as a biomaterial. The filament length ranges from 800 m to 1500 m. Muga Silk: It is produced in India. Tasar silkworms are reared in the tropical and temperate zones. Muga Silkworm: Antheraea assemiensis (Its host plant is Machilus.) Diseases and Pests of Mulberry Silkworm I. Prasad (b) Temperate Tasar Silkworm; (i)A.proyeli (ii) A. papha. Received directly from India in October 2010. SOIL CARBON SEQUESTRATION IN TEMPERATE CONDITIONS FOR SUSTAINING SERICULTURE M.S. Tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta, is a commercially important wild polyphagus sericigenous Lepidopteran insect. Eri Silkworm: Philosamia ricinii (Its host plant is castor, Ricinus communis.) The proteinaceous components of Ap silk proteins, namely fibroin and sericin may represent an alternative over mulberry Bombyx mori silk proteins. Antheraea mylitta is a species of moth in the family Saturniidae known commonly as the tasar silkworm and vanya silkworm. In the 1970s Indian sericulturists began to culture strains of wild silkworms that were derived from crosses between the Chinese Antheraea pernyi and the Himalayan Antheraea roylei Moore. Chinese nonmulberry temperate oak tasar/tussah, Antheraea pernyi (Ap) silk is a natural biopolymer that has attracted considerable attention as a biomaterial. Japanese oak silkworm, Antheraea yamamai is a native of Japan with 31 chromosomes. (Its host plants are Sal, Oak, Fig.etc.) There are five species in temperate tasar. Rathore1 and Y. Srinivasulu2 1Basic Tasar Silkworm Seed Organization, Central Silk Board, Pendari Via-Bharni, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India- 495001 2Regional Extension Centre, Central Silk Board, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India-577501 Four species of the genus Antheraea Hubner and used for commercial production: the tropical tasar silkworm: A. mylitta D.(India) and the temperate silkworms: A. proylei J. However, Peigler (2012) compiled compelling evidence that A. pernyi is a cultivated form (in many varieties) derived from the wild A. roylei, so the two entities are the same species biologically. The temperate species of this silkworm, namely, Antheraea proylei Jolly, feeds on different species of Quercus which are widely distributed in this region. It is a relative of the tropical tussah silk moth, Antheraea mylitta of India, and also related to Antheraea polyphemus, the American polyphemus silk moth. It is a relative of the Tropical Tussah silkmoth, Antheraea mylitta of India, and also related to Antheraea polyphemus, the American Polyphemus silkmoth. • Oak Tasar is a finer variety of Tasar produced by the temperate Tasar silkworm, Antheraea proylei which feeds on natural oak plants (Quercus sp.) Therefore, strains of proylei are not really hybrids, but represent more stocks of A. pernyi. It is referred to as tussah, Chinese tussah, oak tussah, or temperate tussah. tasar silkworm rearing depends mainly on choosing suitable locations and allocating to each location, the right season and food plant most likely to get success in the area selected for rearing. Goel, R. K. and J. V. Krishna Rao. DISEASES 1. It can be reeled or spun. Besides these, the silkworm feeds on Phutuka (Melastoma melabathricum Linn. Food plants of tasar silkworm The important food plants are Arjun (Termanalia arjuna Roxb. It is produced in Jharkhand, Orissa, Maharastra, West Bengal and … Global production of this type of silk is about 95%. Temperate Tasar. In temperate tasar a total of 10 species of oak are growing in the eastern part of the country and 6 species in the Western Himalayas for silkworm rearing.      roylei Moore (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), a wild silk moth in Nagaland, India. Antheraea comprises more species than any other genus of sericigenous insects. Associated Silkworm Diseases and Pests.- Chapter 10. The temperate tasar insect is an interspecific hybrid (A. proylei, Jolly) evolved by crossing indigenous A. roylei Mr. (n = 30) with its Chinese counterpart A. pernyi G.M. are some of the endemic species of the tropical region of India. Temperate Tasar is a finer variety of Tasar produced by the temperate Tasar silkworm, which feeds on natural oak trees. 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