CONFLICTS. With outside help, Tegucigalpa should revisit its heavy-handed security policies and enact judicial and electoral reforms to avert future upheaval. The unrest in South America is already being compared to the Arab Spring, the wave of pro-democracy demonstrations in North Africa and Middle East.. The role of religion shifted dramatically in Central American politics during the 20th century, as the Catholic Church moved from a position as conservator of the status quo to a powerful force for reform and human rights. Conflict Across Latin America. As the drug trade has moved north, the opportunities for profit and power it provides have been rapidly exploited by many of the same groups that fought the civil wars of the 1980s. • Immigration status in the U.S.: 86,000 will lose their TPS status Jan. 5, 2020. Decades of U.S. Latin America, like much of the developing world, will have to face serious challenges in the current century. As U.S. leadership of the international order fades, more countries are seeking to bolster their influence by meddling in foreign conflicts. Brazilians mourn death of Argentinian archrival Maradona. It should stay this course, honouring its other commitments to the opposition in national dialogue. Iran to increase nuclear production, prohibit inspectors from US if sanctions not lifted: reports. Online Event to discuss International Crisis Group's report on the drop in homicide rates in El Salvador and the security policies of President Nayib Bukele. US politics. And in Central America, farmers are abandoning their farms following five years of severe drought and migrating to regional cities and the United States. It’s not all about Donald Trump. • Drug Trade: Honduras is located in the key geographic position separating the South American countries of Colombia and Venezuela from the north. In m… To keep it going, its supporters should refocus on fighting the worst violent crime. The incident as well as other recent ... Border conflicts ... region’s leaders need to focus on those things that unite them if they are going to build a peaceful and prosperous Central America. Two more decades on, the conditions that gave rise to Central America’s conflicts persist, while the promises of postwar peace and democracy have fallen flat. Hugely popular, the commission has helped reduce the country’s terrible murder rate. — White House Statement on the Conference on Prosperity and Security in Central America, June 2017. The Northern Triangle of Central America (“NTCA”), composed of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, is considered one of the most dangerous places on earth, which has caused unprecedented levels of migration. In particular, the legacy of serious armed conflicts in El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua in the late 20th century has contributed to the development of organized crime, and gang violence across the region and consistently some of the highest homicide rates in the world. Compared to the 1980s, the region is relatively free from armed conflict, politically stable, and a strong economic partner, importing over $27 billion in … ... Criollos were a minority group who descended from both the ancient families of the Spaniards that conquered Central America and the Indians who had been conquered by the Spaniards. Their growth can be attributed to the nation’s poverty, its pre-existing culture of violence, access to weapons left from the civil war and the arrival of gang members from the U.S., according to InSight Crimes. Often, they pay a high price… Their bodies were found burnt on the side of the road. The U.S. viewed Arbenz as a communist threat and helped Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas, laying the foundation for the nation’s civil war. In South America's case, however, initiating conflict is a major logistical ordeal. Current “Major” wars and conflicts in the world—Major conflicts are defined here as wars and conflicts in which more than a thousand people have died, involve more than one nation (for internal conflicts) or more than two nations (for international conflicts), and/or have the near-term potential to turn into a multi-national regional conflict. Even more: women activists in Mexico and Central America are in higher danger of being attacked and murdered – particularly activists involved in indigenous and environmental conflicts. Archaeology. Recent U.S. policy toward Central America has been essentially limited to the issues of immigration and drugs. Central America Economic News. Drugs from South America also find their way to U.S. markets through conflict-prone countries in Central America. • Poverty: Nicaragua suffers from underemployment and is the poorest country in Central America and the second poorest in the Western Hemisphere after Haiti, according to the CIA. We can divide the environmental challenges into those that are already apparent and those that will become more so through the 21st C. (World Bank, 2016) Among the former, the most obvious one is the pollution that mars many cities in Latin America. War and conflict displace millions across the world, but in Central America, people flee violence, threats and organised crime. President Nayib Bukele attributes the good news to his harsh anti-gang crackdown, but other factors are likely also salient. Each of this second set of countries has been involved in at least one militarized interstate dispute since 1990. With Nicaragua to the south, this geographic area accounts for many of the asylum seekers arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border. The murder rate in El Salvador, once the world’s highest, is falling fast. Iran 1 day ago. This essay places the Reagan administration’s Central America policies and justifications in historical perspective, provides historical background on El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua, and describes the tragic wars of the 1980s. This timeline of United States government military operations, based in part on reports by the Congressional Research Service, shows the years and places in which U.S. military units participated in armed conflicts or occupation of foreign territories. • Weak/Corrupt Government: Between 2004 and 2008, MS 13 and Barrio 18’s battle for power spilled into overcrowding prison systems. Religion has been a remarkably dynamic force in Latin America since the 1960s, paralleling the shift from dictatorship to elected government. Central America’s inequality and violence, in which the US has long played a role, is driving people to leave their homes. Catholic leaders and activists opposed authoritarian regimes, influenced democratic "transitions," and, within substantially altered ecclesial institutions, have remained a significant presence in more open societies today. According to Jonathan Wiener, a former State Department official who worked on Central America, "it takes ten years for a society to [build] a functioning rule of law and an administration of justice program. Deportation and Disease: Central America’s COVID-19 Dilemmas As the coronavirus spreads, and the U.S. presidential election looms, the Trump administration and Mexican government continue to deport migrants from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. Assistance should be broadened to include financial and technical programs. Thousands of migrants from Central America travel through Mexico on their way to the United States, on October 27, 2018. That’s a statement more easily written than believed, given the U.S. … A man drives his motorcycle at a bridge damaged after the passage of Storm Eta, in Pimienta, Honduras November 6, 2020. The Center for Preventive Action's (CPA) Global Conflict Tracker is an interactive guide to ongoing conflicts around the world of concern to the United States. At the same time, however, similar border disputes have been exacerbated in the cases of Guyana, Venezuela, and Colombia and in Central America. To fight organised crime more effectively, governments should combine policing with programs to aid the vulnerable and create attractive alternatives to illegal economic activity. The murder rate in El Salvador, once the world’s highest, is falling fast. Between 2014 and 2016 alone, there were more than 8,900 asylum claims filed by individuals from this region, according to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Americas. Nicaragua. Review our privacy policy for more details. • Natural Disasters In 2001, El Salvador received TPS status after the country suffered three earthquakes. • Warfare: The Cold War-era Sandinista-Contra conflict defined Nicaragua—Guerilla groups found it easy to recruit poor and middle-class locals. The government should explore policing and socio-economic reforms to calm the country’s streets. The worldwide spread of COVID-19 worldwide has impacted our Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) operations across all regions. In fact, Berta Zúñiga, Cáceres’ daughter, survived a gun attack after assuming her … • Weak/Corrupt Government: Between 1932-1949, General Tiburcio Carias Andino led the nation’s right-wing National party of Honduras under a 17-year dictatorship. 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