Nigeria has maintained remarkable growth over the last decade, recording an average growth rate of 6.8 per cent from a large economic base and the potential for further growth is reasonably high. The paper notes that high birth rate, low death rate and migration are the sources of the high population growth in Nigeria. the population multiplier. Nigeria’s Population Growth Rate. The main objective of the research work is to enable us know the effects of rapid population on the economy. Nigeria is the most populous nation in sub Saharan Africa and the tenth most populous in the world. ... making the study of the effect of population growth on unemployment an important issue as opined by Khemraj (2006). Although unemployment rate in any country is a function of population growth, demographic shifts, varying labour market participation and so on. Nigeria’s population that was 16 million in 1911 is about 140 million today. Since then, it became obvious that Nigeria’s population was leading to a rapid population growth. Consider, for example, the recent article by Coale (1), in which he disparages the role of U.S. population growth in environmental problems by noting that In 1991, a Moreover, it is often assumed that population size and per capita impact are independent variables, when in fact they are not. This study attempts to The study also focuses on the effects of population growth on economic growth in Nigeria in a bid to analyze the options available to accelerate economic development, taking into cognizance of the fact that other factors outside the sphere of population are also important in the determination of the face of economic growth. The third individual partial impact relates to the effect of population growth on food demand. However, it appears the population growth rate in Nigeria is influenced by the interplay of the three main demographic processes of fertility, mortality and migration. purposes. Attention invariably turns to the implications of this growth to the qualities of life for her inhabitants. IMPACT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON UNEMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA . The subject matter of this research is the causes, effect and solution to population growth on the Nigeria economy a case study of Esan Central Local Government Area. Technologies, income and resource levels are held at year 2000 values. Nigeria is one of the fastest growing countries in the world with an estimated population of one hundred and forty million (140,000,000) and an annual population growth rate of 2.9% (Npc, 2006). In effect, the paper empirically tests the association between population growth and economic development in Nigeria between 1980 and 2003 and found that growth in population outweighs that of output and this has hindered the capacity of successive governments to efficiently provide social services to the people, thereby In order to control the rapid population growth in Nigeria, there is need for mass education and awareness, eradicate poverty and illiteracy which will in turn create awareness on the dangers of uncontrolled population growth. vehicle population surges up, contributing to traffic congestion, particularly within cities. Given the critical importance of productivity on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth, it is economically worthwhile, and of policy importance to recognize the deleterious effect of traffic congestion on productivity. 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