Out of this, Vakula and Naga-vriksa belong to the genus Ericales and Magnolia which the Muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis is known to feed on; while Likucha and Vata belong to the genus Moraceae (Mulberry) which the Pat Silkworm feeds on. Owing to domestication, a large number of strains have evolved out, which produce cocoons of various shapes, sizes, weights and colours ranging from white to yellow. Muga silk, which is mainly produced by the Garo community of Assam, is obtained from semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm, Antheraea Assamensis. The most widely used and useful silks are produced by the larvae of the domesticated moth Bombyx mori which are commonly called mulberry silkworm because the caterpillar feeds on mulberry leaves. They feed on the leaves of mulberry trees. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) leaves. Feed on the aromatic leaves of Som and Soalu plants. Eri Silk Moth: The silk worms of the silk moths Philosamia ricini and Attacus ricini generate a different kind of white silk, called eri silk. The life cycle of Muga Silkworms lasts for 50 days in summer and maximum 150 days during winter. Domesticated silkworm moths cannot fly. Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and muga silkworm. Silk is a protein-based fibre produced as a continuous filament by the larvae from a variety of insects and spiders. The larvae of these moths feed on Som (Machilus bombycina) leaves. Most of the research and development of technology is confined to China, India, and Japan in Asia. The silk produced is … Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. Domesticated silkworms are entirely dependent on humans and no longer occur naturally in the wild. 2. These moths feed on leaves of oak, are found in abundance in sub-Himalayan belt. The life cycle of Muga Silkworms lasts for 50 days in summer and maximum of … But production is hampered by a lack of white mulberry trees, the silkworm’s sole source of food. Eri silk is the product of the domesticated silkworm; Feeds mainly on castor leaves; Eri culture is a household activity practiced, a delicacy for the tribal; Mainly in the north-eastern states and Assam; Muga Silk. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. This golden yellow colour silk. Das K, Das R. Growth and development of muga silkworm feed on different food plants. The so called Golden Thread of Assam is what we call Muga Silk.This silk is golden yellow in colour and mainly cultivated in Assam. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. It is obtained from semi-domesticated multivoltine (completed multiple life-cycle in a year) silkworm, Antheraea assamensis.These silkworms feed on the aromatic leaves of Som and Soalu plants and are reared on trees similar to that of tasar The Arthashatra also refers to four trees (Vakula, Likucha, Vata and Naga-vriksa) which the silkworms feed on. Some moths are single brooded or univoltine and others are many brooded or multivoltine. Silkworms will only eat the leaves of the white mulberry tree (Morus alba). Ericulture is a small scale industry. There are many varieties of mulberry trees. 2003; 11:19-21. Indian Silk. The Indian tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta is a natural fauna of tropical India, represented by more than 20 ecoraces. Download this stock image: Muga Silkworms released on a Som tree (Machilus Bombycina) in the Bakata village in Sivasagar district of Eastern Assam state. Silk production, or sericulture, has been practiced in China for at least 5,000 years. 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