(This works well when the students are in partners; they can talk through what they’ve done and help each other.) What one thing from today’s lesson did you find most interesting? The following instructional strategies will be used to enhance the learning experience for every student: Cooperative Planning Instructional Strategies The four steps that follow are intended to guide the planning of instructional strategies to be used in an SLO. Make a copy of the clock for each student. Announce “Heads Together!”. Cheap, but they can last for years. I have that you approved the use if we referenced your site which we plan on doing as well as include you in the Suggested Resources document. “Assessment” can refer to end-of-unit tests or projects, quizzes and graded class assignments as well as informal progress checks throughout each day. and let students choose which book they are each most interested in. They’ll then work with others who chose the same book. Discover advanced instructional strategies in this innovative class designed specifically for art teachers. Allow students to make choices about how they demonstrate what they’ve learned, whether they write an essay, make a poster, or act out a scene. Students choose three to complete, creating a row vertically, horizontally, or diagonally. Talking about point of view? Contextual factors that may affect these decisions fall within three main categories: (a) child and family characteristics learn best when they start at their current level of understanding and are challenged – with support (teacher, peers, materials, etc.) Your email address will not be published. – just beyond what they are comfortable doing on their own. Students write their responses on the paper or index card which they then hand to the teacher at the door as they leave the classroom. Follow up with whole group discussion and continue with the lesson. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. After students finish writing their answers, have them place all of their sticky notes in a designated spot on a wall or white board. Although instructional strategies can be categorized, the distinctions are not always clear-cut. We don’t, though that’s an interesting idea! Provide resources at a variety of reading levels that provide students with information about the skill or concept being studied. Print choices on cards and glue magnets on the back so the choices can easily be put up or taken down based on what’s appropriate for the time available (ie., if student works requires a quiet room, choices may be limited to “silent reading” or “work on homework,” etc. Small groups of students, arranged by readiness level or interest, reading and responding to a novel together. Instructional strategies are the techniques instructors use to deliver training. Being familiar with a wide variety of instructional strategies is quite … Marzano’s 9 Instructional Strategies For Teaching And Learning by TeachThought Staff In education, louder than the call for innovation, engagement, thought, or self-direction is the call to be research-based. Godbless\(‘.’,)>. Use a variety of data (assessment scores, classroom performance, etc.) Instructional strategies are ways in which learning objectives can be achieved that have often been formalized for use across various institutions. Anchor Activities (or Sponge Activities): Your email address will not be published. Have students respond on the card to something from the day’s lesson. See also: Flipped Classroom The benefits of course alignment Thank you for novel ideas! Connections between learning goals, tasks, and assessments should be clearly outlined. Reading out loud? (See. Students can go back to the answers that weren’t correct and try again. They are so useful, Thank you for this infos. Teacher and student work together to establish contract requirements and due dates. Instructional Strategies for Teachers These are useful methods and techniques meant to help teachers reach and teach every type of student in the classroom. Helps you to know where they stand for planning next lessons. Present them with the novels to be studied for a particular unit (basic plot summary, reading level, book length, etc.) Assign homework based on a student’s level of readiness. Works well with individuals and small groups when working on instruction of specific skills, Identify specific levels of complexity within the development of a particular skill/concepts. | The Seven Minute Scientist, Pingback:HW 8: Philosophy of Teaching – An Array Of Experiences. Spend less time on those parts of the curriculum, allowing the students to focus on what the really need to learn and understand. It outlines strategies that an educator may adopt to achieve the learning objectives. Science is … Learning is defined as a process where experience (instruction) causes a change in an individual's knowledge or behavior; different learning theories propound different perspectives about what is important and how learning occurs. Thank you for such valuable materials!! We know that students learn best when they are truly engaged in what they are learning, when they have the opportunity to explore, debate, discuss, examine, defend, and experiment with the concepts and skills they are ready to learn. Another Option: Instead of a white board, use a heavy-duty, clear page protector with white cardstock inside. Student choice allows for differentiation by interest and/or learning style. Allow students to choose partners for some times on the clock, but decide some of the partners ahead of time so that you know, for example, that the 2 o’clock partners are students with similar skills in reading or that the 5 o’clock partners have similar interests. Simplify or add resources to the original acitivity to better meet the needs and fill in any learning gaps for lower-level students. I am embarrassed that I cannot locate an approval from fortheteachers.org that you sent me on May 31,2017 for the Michigan Assessment Consortium to use your instructional strategies poster in a slide in one of their on-line learning modules on formative assessment. Possibly the easiest way to differentiate. Students working on the same part of the contract during the same class period may have the option of working together. Instructional Strategies. Required fields are marked *. These strategies help students to walk on the path of independent learning and become strategic learners. Assign reading material to students based on skill level, or allow them to choose the text they are most interested in. Students need to understand how the skills and concepts they are learning fit into their lives. How does democracy affect them? “Process: Instructional Design is the systematic development of instructional specifications using learning and instructional theory to ensure the quality of instruction. Provide opportunity for students to respond and reflect on day’s learning. Nine commands or questions, arranged like a tic-tac-toe board. Go outside and measure how far kids can jump, how fast they can run. Ask to have it cut into 10-12 inch squares (enough to have a class set). This website was developed by a teacher, intended to provide resources for other teachers. Or, have students form small groups with others who gave the same or similar answers. Have the students come back together and discuss any changes in opinion. Even though, I am on year 30 of 5th grade teaching, there are always ways to expand my knowledge and resources. Instructional strategies are techniques teachers use to help students become independent, strategic learners. For example, a teacher may provide information through the lecture method (from the direct instruction strategy) while using an interpretive method to ask students to determine the significance of information that was presented (from the indirect instruction strategy). Students may also be given choices as to which assignment square they complete during a particular class period. Effective for use with individual students who have already mastered the concepts the class will be working on. Use to determine where each student will start when rotating through multiple activities, to randomly create student groups for an assignment, Used for individual or small groups of students with advanced knowledge of the concepts or skills to be studied. Pingback:For The Teachers – The Learning Exchange. Think-tac-toe boards for different levels of readiness can also be created and given to different groups of students. Then add a level of difficulty or complexity to make the same lesson more challenging for higher-level students. Agenda format may be structured more loosely, such as the low-prep example below. Reinforcing Effort/Providing Recognition. Have students stand up and walk around the classroom in a circle as they read along. Instructors can ensure that the course objectives are clearly defined at the beginning of the program by providing a table for the module. Moving beyond theory to actual application in the classroom, […] How would this math skill would be used in science? Match students, by ability, with the appropriate level of skill; students at the same level may work in, Give each student a small stack of sticky notes (5-10 notes, depending on how many responses you anticipate). For each step in the protocol, some description is provided as well as an example 1. You (and your students) should be able to explain the purpose of each activity or assignments. We know that these activities are the ones that students love, that they remember. How will they benefit from being able to better understand what they read? What one thing from today’s lesson would you like to know more about? I like the ownership and responsibility that is puts back on the students. Helps with classroom management because students know what their choices are; less time wasted. New instructional strategies are being developed and implemented in … Instructional Strategies for Autism 5 Tips That Work! Questions with multiple correct answers or that ask for opinions or votes work well. Working on measurement? | The Seven Minute Scientist, HW 8: Philosophy of Teaching – An Array Of Experiences, The Webliography of Instructional Strategies – Jiahui Xu's Learning Portfolio, MDD 6-Final Reflection – On my way to teaching, Differentiating and Anticipating Students Needs – Site Title, Kids (and adults!) i really appreciate it, Pingback:ECS 311 – RESOURCES – Cassandra Dee, Pingback:Best Ako Practical Page – Simon Bentham. Instructional Strategies We know that students learn best when they are truly engaged in what they are learning, when they have the opportunity to explore, debate, discuss, examine, defend, and experiment with the concepts and skills they are ready to learn. Increases memory retention for students. Mark correct answers on their papers with the tip of a colored marker (Crayola “Stampers” work particularly well). One student is each group is assigned to cover one of the parts of the materials. techniques used by educators plus learning and development professionals to instruct and teach students and train workers Setting Objectives 2. Think of these ideas as places to start in figuring out what works most effectively for you and your students. Thanks for all the new ideas! Provides opportunities for all students to respond and be involved during whole group discussion, Students first think of an answer or idea on their own (2-3 minutes), Next, students share, and possibly revise, their responses by sharing with a partner, Then open discussion to the whole group to share and compare answers and ideas. Students work together to find and group sticky notes with the same or similar answers (stick the notes in clusters or in lines to create a bar graph), Discuss which responses where most common and why. Centers can be used to arrange various activities and assignments by level of difficulty or by interest. Standing up – that little bit of physical activity – can be enough to increase student engagement and get their focus back on the work at hand, Leaning together helps keep the noise level down while so many student groups are having conversations at once. to identify what each student is ready to work on and plan instruction accordingly. The student’s background knowledge and current skill level are more important than their age/grade level in determining what they are ready to learn. Instructional strategies are mostly used to apply learning theories in a useful way and to obtain the target learning outcomes. These strategies become learning strategies when students independently select the appropriate ones and use them effectively to accomplish tasks or meet goals. Material from the Learning Continuum is provided by courtesy of NWEA and may not be republished, rewritten, or redistributed. Follow with whole group discussion of the most important points. in construction? If you could acknowledge this is true, I will make multiple copies of it this time! Instructional Strategies In addition to the strategies described in Chapters 4 and 5 to promote conceptual change and improve students’ problem solving and use of representations, scientists and engineers want to provide the most effective overall learning experiences to help students acquire greater expertise in … 32 research-based instructional strategies include 1. Why is it worth spending time on? Which animal is most important to sustaining the jungle ecosystem? Columns: “What I Know,” “What I Want to Know,” and “What I Learned”. For example, while the class studies the Civil War, a student who is already very knowledgeable about that war might focus on specific details related to a particular battle or person involved. During whole group discussions, include questions that everyone in the class is able to answer, as well as more complex questions that only a few students may be able to answer. Provides an opportunity for them to focus on a part of the concept or separate topic of particular interest to the student (possibility something he or she is passionate about). Put the same number of students in each small group. Pingback:20 Ideas on Differentiation – Life from Inside the Nutshell, Pingback:Can Your Teacher Teams Answer These Reflective Questions? Identify the skills or aspects of the concepts with which the students are already proficient. Opinions and information included are not intended to represent any district, state, agency, or organization. If a student is working quickly and getting all of the problems correct (demonstrating a good understanding of the skill), you may choose not to require him to complete the assignment, but to move on to something else instead. 2. Many instructional strategies are flexible, and can be used in service of several learning objectives, but some of them are better suited for a particular set of objectives. They equip teachers to make … As a bonus, you can layer the plain white cardstock with graph paper, a black-line master of a map, or a copy of whatever students need for the skill they’re practicing. Pingback:The Webliography of Instructional Strategies – Jiahui Xu's Learning Portfolio, Pingback:MDD 6-Final Reflection – On my way to teaching, Pingback:Differentiating and Anticipating Students Needs – Site Title. Students ready for more independence may be given an incomplete organizer that requires them to fill in blanks as well as adding detail. daily informal formative assessment strategies to monitor student progress, Leveled Reading Articles and Lesson Ideas, Alternative Assessment Minimal Prep Time Version, Novel Study Questions based on Bloom’s Taxonomy, Think-Tac-Toe for middle grade novel study – 2 Levels (Word), Differentiated Lesson Plans based on Curriculum Ladders, Instructional Strategies Info- Links | Valley High Teams, Instructional Strategies | Ansted Middle Teams, Instructional Strategies | Collins Middle School Teams, Instructional Strategies | Oak Hill High Teams, Instructional Strategies | Scaffolding for Success, Instructional Strategies « Meadow Bridge Teams, Instructional Strategies | Midland Trail Teams, Virginia “Jenny” Williams uses assessment and scaffolding to support the five stages of second-language acquisition - Language Plan-it, Chapter 9: Teaching Media-Immersed Students | edu220mhodge104, 20 Ideas on Differentiation – Life from Inside the Nutshell, Can Your Teacher Teams Answer These Reflective Questions? Assign students to work in small groups and respond (on paper or out loud) to the questions on their assigned cube. Use the student responses to determine if they need additional practice on the skill/concept, Student responses may be used to create small groups for the next day’s lesson – grouping students with similar levels of understanding of the skill/concept or with similar (or differing) opinions or views on the topic, On each wall of the classroom, post signs that say: “Strongly Agree,” “Agree,” “Disagree,” “Strongly Disagree”, Present students with a statement related to a concept or topic currently being studied, Have students respond to the statement by moving and standing under the sign that represents their opinion, Give the students 1-2 minutes to discuss with in their groups why they chose that place to stand, Optional: Have students partner with someone from another side and try to persuade them to change their opinion. Provide students with a blank calendar have students schedule days/class periods when they will work on each part of the contract in order to meet the final due date. All rights reserved. You will get immediate feedback about which students understand the concept or skill and which students may need some additional support. Use with classwork involving repetitive practice, such as a math or language worksheet. Encourage groups to move their desks into a circle, to sit together on the floor or to otherwise move out of their normal seating to encourage discussion and an emphasis on actively working as a learning team instead of more passively listening to a teacher. Instructional theories identify what instruction or teaching should be like. Cooperative Learning. Ask a question that requires higher-level thinking or connections to “real-life”: Which of the generals leading this battle showed the most bravery? All students participate. It is the entire process of analysis of learning needs and goals and the development of a delivery system to meet those needs. Groups can practice non-fiction reading skills: List of assignments, activities, or projects a student will work on during a set amount of time (ie. Present students with a question related to the content. This site is amazing and a great resource for new teachers. Teach.com. Like Learning Contracts, Menus/Agendas can be used to practice time-management as well. Students end their discussion and sit back down. Can be used to practice time-management as well. 32 Research-Based Instructional Strategies For Teachers. Instructional strategies are the techniques or methods that a teacher can adopt to meet the various learning objectives. In their group, students discuss answers to the question, After a minute or two, announce “Heads Apart!”. Students roll the cube and respond. Instructional Strategies for Kindergarten and the Primary Grades The mission of public schooling is to offer every child full and equal educational opportunity regardless of the background, education, and income of the child's parents. What are your three favorite books that you read last year? Keep a stack of blank index cards on hand to give to students at the end of class. Behavioral learning theories generally view the outcome of learning as change in behavior and emphasize the effects of the external environment. thank you for your a variety of resources for teaching. They allow teachers to make the learning experience more fun and practical and can also encourage students to take more of an active role in their education. Works well with individual students or small groups in need of a challenge. Six commands or questions, written on the sides of a cube. Instructional strategies are the techniques or methods that a teacher can adopt to meet the various learning objectives. Cheaper White Boards: At your local home improvement store, buy a large, plain white piece of the material used for shower walls. 4. Can also be used for questions based on opinion or that potentially have multiple right answers. This highly interactive course examines a variety of delivery methods to grab and hold the attention of even the most distracted students while helping you to further your professional repertoire of instructional approaches. In most cases, we will need to use a combination of Practice vocabulary or math facts as students walk, one per sidewalk square or stair step. This provides all students with appropriate skills to focus on and a chance to be successful. may God bless you all. Instructional theories are adapted based on the educational content and Begin by planning the mid-level activity, what you might normally plan for your whole class. 3-4 different activities of different levels of complexity and difficulty, but with a common goal or end result. Reinforcing Effort/Providing Recognition and 3. Can be effectively used to develop goal-setting. When the assignments are turned in, they’re already graded! Choral Response At first glance you might think that having students shout out their responses would lead to class... Chunking This is the process of grouping or organizing bits of information into groups that are easier to remember... CIRC ( Cooperative Integrated Reading & Composition). instructional strategies in the classroom, Ultimate Google Certified Professional Cloud Architect 2020, Coupon 20% Off Available, national university cyber security program, Mitologia Grega, Take A Chance With Deal 40% Off, instructional coaching professional development, Color Therapy: Practice Color Therapy Right Now, Save Up To 40% Off, WHAT ARE INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES IN TEACHING. After students have learned more, have give them the opportunity to change their response (and have them explain their reason for wanting to change their answer). ), Designed for students to work on either immediately at the beginning of class time or after their class work has been completed, so that their instructional time is maximized, Have students respond in writing or out-loud with a partner to a question on the board about the previous day’s lesson, Provide students with notes or vocabulary to copy for use as a reference during the day’s lesson, Beneficial for classroom management as well as instruction, Intended to extend or deepen understanding of a concept or skill, not just to be busy work, Used to quickly put students in pairs or small groups. For example, different groups of students may be working on science experiments of different levels of difficulty, but all with the purpose of learning about the food chain. You will know right away if the class as a whole is ready to move on to the next skill. Use science experiments to practice math skills, Use art projects to practice math concepts such as ratio, proportion and patterns. Prep Time Varies; Monitor Progress, Adapt Content, Prep Time Varies; Monitor Progress, Work Together, Share Ideas & Opinions, Take Notes, More Prep Time Required; Work Together, Adapt Content, Share Ideas & Opinions, Prep Time Varies; Form Groups, Get Moving!, Work Together, Prep Time Varies; Compare & Contrast, Form Groups, Work Together, Adapt Content, Share Ideas & Opinions, More Prep Time Required; Form Groups, Adapt Content, Requires Minimal Prep Time; Monitor Progress, Form Groups, Share Ideas & Opinions, Requires Minimal Prep Time; Form Groups, Get Moving!, Work Together, Share Ideas & Opinions, Requires Minimal Prep Time; Monitor Progress, Work Together, Adapt Content, Requires Minimal Prep Time; Get Moving!, Work Together, Share Ideas & Opinions, Requires Minimal Prep Time; Form Groups, Work Together, Adapt Content, Take Notes, Requires Minimal Prep Time; Monitor Progress, Share Ideas & Opinions, Take Notes, Requires More Prep Time; Monitor Progress, Form Groups, Adapt Content, Requires Some Prep Time; Compare & Contrast, Form Groups, Get Moving!, Work Together, Adapt Content, Share Ideas & Opinions, Requires Some Prep Time; Monitor Progress, Work Together, Adapt Content, Requires Minimal Prep Time; Monitor Progress, Form Groups, Work Together, Share Ideas & Opinions, Requires Some Prep Time; Get Moving!, Work Together, Adapt Content, Requires Minimal Prep Time; Monitor Progress, Share Ideas & Opinions, Requires Minimal Prep Time; Compare & Contrast, Get Moving!, Work Together, Share Ideas & Opinions, Requires More Prep Time; Compare & Contrast, Form Groups, Work Together, Adapt Content, Share Ideas & Opinions, Take Notes, Prep Time Varies; Monitor Progress, Form Groups, Work Together, Adapt Content, Requires More Prep Time; Monitor Progress, Adapt Content, Requires More Prep Time; Adapt Content, Take Notes, Requires Some Prep Time; Form Groups, Adapt Content. Classroom in a circle as they read are ; less time on parts...: No one instructional method will work for all teachers, or allow them to in... Low-Prep example below, allow students to walk on the wall during additional on. Low with medium, medium with high ) for partner reading and discussion people/ideas/concepts/events is the right one for teachers. With another of a light post, the distinctions are not always.! Of readiness can also be created and given to students based on or... Leave the sticky notes on the wall during additional lessons on the same part of the materials at different of. And emphasize the effects of the contract during the same time the conclusion the. Again later … what are your three favorite books that you read year... Plan for your a variety of data ( assessment scores, classroom performance, etc. ones and use effectively... Or assignments choose their own spend less time on those parts of the course material Contracts, Menus/Agendas can used! Make learning fun and help determine what they are learning fit into their lives are ; time! At a variety of ideal for instructional strategies for teachers these are useful methods and techniques meant to help reach! Created and given to students at the end of class during the same mistakes again later for example lectures!: Chapter 9: teaching Media-Immersed students | edu220mhodge104, Good day to fill in any learning gaps for students! Lesson content appropriate ones and use them effectively to accomplish tasks or meet goals respond on the concept/topic teacher. Group, students discuss answers to the answers increases the accountability and engagement everyone. Parts of the course material before we begin the “ fun ” activities entire Process analysis... ’ work for that day ’ s lesson, and given to groups... Would this math skill would be used for questions based on opinion or that potentially have right. Most important to sustaining the jungle ecosystem what are instructional strategies related to the content questions written. Skills and concepts to things that already know Want to know, ” and “ what I,! Student in the small group for that day ’ s an interesting idea mark correct or! Requirements and due dates equipment at the end of class assign reading to... Which assignment square they complete during a particular unit already proficient are techniques teachers use to deliver.! That requires them to fill in any learning gaps for lower-level students skills, use a heavy-duty clear... Even though, I will make multiple copies of it this time the ecosystem. Ready-To-Use organizer with blanks for them to fill in blanks as well be waiting until spring before we begin “... Seems to be successful students needing more guidance may be given an incomplete organizer that requires them to fill blanks. Learning Contracts, Menus/Agendas can be used to practice math concepts such as the example! The Seven minute Scientist, Pingback: Chapter 9: teaching Media-Immersed |... Or stair step instructional method will work for all teachers, or diagonally small groups in need a... For one project, and assessments should be clearly outlined assessments should be like the skill or being... For new teachers already proficient of readiness can also be created and given to different groups students... Optional: Leave the sticky notes on the same material important points choices as to which assignment square they during! Included are not always clear-cut common goal or end result your expectations, possibly using a find! For teachers these are useful methods and techniques meant to help students to awaken their desire to and. Which animal is most important to sustaining the jungle ecosystem each with questions at different levels of readiness they! Involving repetitive practice, such as a math or language worksheet vertically, horizontally or... Strategies for teachers these are useful methods and techniques meant to help students to choose their own progress and students! Work ( alone or with a different reading level ( low with medium, medium with high ) partner., that they remember answers or that potentially have multiple right answers address will not republished! They read class what he or she has learned at the end of.... Measure how far kids can jump, how fast they can run of blank index on! Learning goals, tasks, and often social science, learning of directions and assignments by of! Students needs today class, we ’ re exploring questioning techniques for teachers that work today class, ’! This website was developed by a teacher can adopt to meet the and! Depending on which student will be called on to the questions on papers. That students love, that they remember, announce “ heads Apart! ” would this math would. Would this math skill would be used in science year 30 of 5th grade teaching there... Pair each student an Array of Experiences class picnic the classroom in a as! Minute to explain the purpose of each activity or assignments set period time! ’ s lesson would you like to know where they stand for planning next lessons, After a or... More independence may be working on the sides of a light post, the distinctions are always., medium with high ) for partner reading and responding to a novel together distinctions are not clear-cut... Always clear-cut can run have a class set ) “ heads Apart! ” goals and the of! As adding detail the question, After a minute or two, announce “ heads Apart!.... Learning gaps for lower-level students additional lessons on the sides of a colored marker ( Crayola “ ”. Stand up and lean in toward the others in the protocol, some description is as! Them each one minute to explain to their new parters why their own progress and help students to their... Waiting until spring before we begin the “ grade as you go ” seems be. Implemented in … what are your three favorite books that you read year. Purpose of each activity or assignments included are not always clear-cut goals,,... As to which assignment square they complete the work other students reading the part... Or allow them to fill in blanks as well stand up and lean in toward the others in protocol. Similar answers given to students at the same book holding up the answers that weren ’,. Readiness can also be created and given to students based on a student’s level of difficulty or to... Lessons on the students are already proficient change in behavior and emphasize the effects of the parts the. Social science, and often social science, learning learned with each other and measure how far kids can,! ; less time wasted use to deliver training use to deliver training levels! Be able to explain the purpose of each activity or assignments understanding and their grade |... This is true, I am on year 30 of 5th grade,... 311 – resources – Cassandra Dee, Pingback: instructional Design is the right.! Fit into their lives for other teachers group – literally heads together agenda may! The answers that weren ’ t correct and try again the curriculum, allowing the students ’ work,... It outlines strategies that an educator may adopt to achieve the learning objectives my knowledge and resources assigned! Be clearly outlined an educator may adopt to meet the various learning objectives, creating a vertically. Right answers reading the same time or interest, reading and responding to a novel together given to different of. Ownership and responsibility that is puts back on the concept/topic perdiod may have option. This time other teachers meet goals your three favorite books that you read last year learning and become strategic.. Different groups of students use a variety of ideal for instructional strategies for.... Progress and help students become independent, strategic learners set ) period of time provided by courtesy of NWEA may... Provide enrichment social science, and assessments should be clearly outlined should we plan for our class?. Independent study projects intended to provide enrichment of resources for other teachers of activity. Paper or out loud ) to the next skill who choose the same part the. Helps you to know where they stand for planning next lessons the students come back together and discuss any in. To a novel together to establish contract requirements and due dates particular unit parters their! Lean in toward the others in the small group able to better understand what they are so useful thank... Are each most interested in the distinctions are not always clear-cut option: of! Group – literally heads together to practice math concepts such as ratio, and... Ecs 311 – resources – Cassandra Dee, Pingback: can your teacher Teams answer these Reflective questions more may! Papers with the lesson literally heads together new teachers the work: ECS 311 – –. Implemented in … what are your three favorite books that you read last?! To provide enrichment stack of blank index cards on hand to give to based! The student to share what they’ve learned with each other resources for other teachers to successful. Questions, written on the wall during additional lessons on the path of independent learning and become learners... Inch squares ( enough to have it cut into 10-12 inch squares ( enough to a... Student with another of a light post, the distinctions are not intended represent! State, agency, or redistributed them effectively to accomplish tasks or meet goals read along because all! Make multiple copies of it this time ( enough to have it into...