The forestry sector of Ghana accounted for 4.2 percent of GDP in 1990; timber was the country's third largest foreign exchange earner. The Offin shelterbelt forest reserve in Ghana has been plagued by illegal mining since the year 2010. 8.3 How many people are employed in forestry? Source of Timber: Timber originated from prescribed sources and concerned individual, group and owners gave their written consent to the land being subjected to the grant of timber rights, Timber Harvesting Operations: The logger complied with forest operation procedures and standards specified by statute, Transportation: Timber was at all times transported in accordance with standards prescribed by statute, Processing. About 90% of all earth’s species live in forests. These resources play a key role in protecting the environment and are of tremendous importance to the sustainable development. Typical three-year-old eucalyptus plantation now being established in degraded land. Ghana had 260,000 ha of planted forest. Setting woodland on fire to convert it to commercial uses, Falsifying and/or reusing timber transportation documents, Exporting and importing tree species banned under international law, such as CITES. This is known as the Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) action plan. Wildlife survives mostly in the forest. In 2003, the EU established the Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) programme, which aims to reduce illegal logging by strengthening sustainable and legal forest management, improving governance, and promoting trade in legally produced timber. Ceremonial clothing and costumes are also often made from specific forest products. Ghana Forest Information and Data According to the U.N. FAO, 21.7% or about 4,940,000 ha of Ghana is forested, according to FAO. Prevent Soil erosion: Soil erosion is an everyday natural activity happening due to winds and floods. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". The response that galamsey facilitates the drying up of water bodies did not come … Mangrove Empowering, training, educating and campaigning for a fair and sustainable world. It offers the world's citizenry the opportunity to express the importance it attaches to its forest resources. Ghana’s LAS has 7 principles and 22 criteria. Forestry - Forestry - Purposes and techniques of forest management: The forests of the world provide numerous amenities and ecosystem services in addition to being a source of wood products. Fiscal Obligations: Neither the logger nor the Vendor was at the time of sale or export in default of fees, rents or taxes, prescribed by statute. A century ago, Ghana’s tropical hardwood forest extended from about the middle of the country, southward to the sea. There is the transition zone that was forest but is now turning to savannah due to forest removal and the impacts of climate change. The total remaining closed forest area contains as many as 225 types of mammals and 728 bird species, including some threatened species. To help students fully appreciate forests of Ghana, there is a required series of lectures in Spring quarter 2012. It is located at Fumesua near Kumasi in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. A recent European Union initiative that was launched a few years ago was designed to combat illegal logging by ensuring that the timber a country exports to the European market was harvested legally. Economic Importance Of Trees In Northern Ghana: Operations Of Tree Aid Ghana. We cannot talk about the basics of life –food, water and shelter without our forest resources. Ignoring environmental, social or labour laws and regulations. A forest is defined as an area forming an ecosystem. The rest of the country is made up of savannah vegetation. Corruption exists all along the forest-timber chain from production and harvest to supply and trade. Forests are of great importance to mankind. The importance of the Act lies in the fact that past attempts at controlling the activities of timber contractors through legislation such as the Concessions Ordinance,3 Forest Ordinance4 and the Concessions Act5 have failed, leading to intensive exploitation of Ghana's forests. Forests. Forestry plays a major role in the growth and development of the Ghanaian economy and the … Gmelina … By the early 1990s, only about one-third of the country was still forested, and not all the remaining areas had much commercial value. Economic analysis of alternative scenarios for the future of Atewa Forest has shown that protection of the forest with a well-managed buffer zone would contribute c $1 bn to the economy of Ghana over 25 years (https://bit.ly/2JA964u). Important plant species will be lost to deforestation unless urgent measures are taken. Situated along the Gulf of Guinea, the West African country of Ghana has a total forest area of approximately 5 million hectares, which represents about 20% of its total land area, concentrated in the southern parts of the country. The EU and the Ghana Government signed a VPA in 2009. Around 9.0 million hectares are primary or otherwise naturally regenerated forest, and around 325 thousand hectares are planted forest. The level of employment in forestry is an indicator … Interestingly, there are steps within the FSC to also realign its CoC system to be compliant with the requirements of FLEGT. Rainforest trees draw water from the forest floor and release it back in to the atmosphere in the form of swirling mists and clouds. The rest of the country is made up of savannah vegetation. Tropical forests of West Africa are not like our forests in Ohio. on the eve of Ghana's independence and charged with the "dissemination of truthful unbiased news". Importance of Forestry Agriculture, including forestry, is the backbone of the Ghanaian economy. Additional to the above, many investors have shown an interest in expanding plantation forestry in Ghana, with very large projects currently being implemented consisting of species such as teak, eucalypts and acacia. Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Ghana lost an average of 125,400 ha or 1.68% per year. The importance of forest landscape restoration in addressing climate change and other societal needs was brought home in November 2009 when the Global Partnership on Forest Landscape Restoration (GPFLR) concluded that more than 1 billion hectares of lost forests and degraded lands The forest class (represented primarily by Ghana’s dense evergreen rain forest and moist deciduous forest) shows a small decline in area from about 16,400 sq km in 1975 to 15,500 sq km in 2000, a reduction of 5 percent. Despite their importance, they are disappearing too fast. However the FAO, in its 2010 Global Forest Resources Assessment, estimated Ghana had around 2.6 million ha of reserved forests and around 500,000 ha of unreserved forest. It started as a research unit within the Forestry Department in 1962. EMPLOYMENT. Domestication of an indigenous tropical forest tree: Silvicultural and socio-economic studies on Iroko (Milicia excelsa) in Ghana, Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Forest Ecology, University of Helsinki Tropical Forestry Reports 25, 104 pp. Since 1983 forestry has benefited from more than US$120 million in investments and has undergone substantial changes, resulting in doubled earnings between 1985 and 1990. Available here). Mtoka (2015) studied impacts of land cover changes on the provisioning ecosystem services at Goaso-Ghana, and asserts that 50% of the study respondents' emphasized importance of forest to be provision of habitat for animals, while 15% were of the view that forest ecosystem serve as habitat for fishes. (2012) for Ghana (T2/T3). Climate change impacts being experienced are mainly sea level rise leading to salt water intrusion into freshwater habitats, more frequent There is the transition zone that was forest but is now turning to savannah due to forest removal and the impacts of climate change. Between 1948, when a forest policy was adopted and the early 1980s, Ghana's stance has remarkably consistent. Outside of Ghana's forest reserves. Europe’s new timber regulations are intended to operate primarily through a series of voluntary partnership agreements (VPAs) between the EU and a particular country at government level. Dear SA Forestry Readers, SA Forestry magazine – like…, Download the final edition of SA forestry magazine for…, The Sappi Saiccor mill situated in Umkomaas, KwaZulu-Natal hosted…, Timber Festival (UK) has commissioned cutting edge musicians Erland…, After almost 150 years of concrete and steel, the…. Degradation by illegal logging 11. Importance of forest. Introduction Besides timber imports to the EU, the agreement also makes it illegal for any EU company to invest in or do business with Ghanaian companies that do not operate according to Ghana’s forest laws. Ecosystem goods and services are declining due to loss of forests, fisheries, farm and grazing lands, watersheds and water sources. ii Acknowledgement The … Today, most of this has been harvested. Critical importance. The forestry sector’s contribution to Ghana’s formal economy has declined considerably over the years. Under these agreements, exporting countries license legal timber companies and track timber flows. Between January and November 1994, exports amounted to 919,000 tons and earned U… The Contribution of Forests to Ghana’s Economic Development Objective The overall goal of the conference is to highlight the role of forests and woodlands on livelihoods, environmental management and economic development in the country and the expected future contribution in the Below are 9 reasons why forests are important and why should we protect forests from getting axed. Students will enroll for PBIO 409 (or 691 if you're a grad student) and will receive two hours credit. The Forestry Development policy and forest management in Ghana Forest resources are of great importance to millions of people, especially those whose livelihoods largely depend on them. Conference participants highlighted key needs for enhancing goods and services from forests and trees in Ghana’s forest landscapes, particularly taking into account the linkages between forests and food security, livelihoods, water, energy, climate change, biodiversity conservation, as well as the role of forests and trees on sociocultural and economic well being of society. Following are some points illustrating the importance of forests: Forests help in … Ghana’s forests are disappearing at an alarming rate. Ghana had 260,000 ha of planted forest. (details are in the two criteria: Timber processing facilities must have valid licences and registration with FC; and timber processing and industrial relations practices must comply with all legal requirements and standards), Trade: All vendors/exporters have valid licences or permits to market timber. The General Assembly of the United Nations in its 83rd plenary meeting on 20 December 2006 adopted Resolution 61/193 in which it decided to declare 2011 the International Year of Forests, popularly referred to as “Forests 2011”. Forestry plays a major role in the growth and development of the Ghanaian economy and the maintenance of … Below are some examples of illegal practices in the forest and forest industries sector. The Legality Assurance System (LAS) is the legal framework and monitoring system established as part of a VPA to ensure the production of legal timber through compliance with all legal standards. Statistics on the size of remaining forest vary considerably. A baseline study on indigenous fruits utilization in the northern savannah ecological zone of Ghana shows that the fruits of about 26 indigenous tree species are used by the locals for varied reasons such as medicinal, fruit and cosmetics. However, for single point in 12. Ghana's forests contain 381 million metric tons of carbon in living forest … Obtaining logging concessions through bribes. A community in Ghana have taken only five years to restore their forest and are already enjoying the benefits. Despite the importance of forest resources for the wide range of economic, environmental, social and cultural benefits, data on such dimensions are either sketchy or not available. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Ghana lost 33.7% of its forest cover, or around 2,508,000 ha. Forestry Research Institute of Ghana is one of the 13 institutes of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). 3 Foreword African economies are often rooted in abundant natural resources drawn from the myriad ecosystems that blanket the continent. 7.jpg 2,880 × 1,920; 832 KB. Only 8% of this is classified as primary forest. The importance of reforestation to wildlife in Ghana cannot be overemphasized. Between 1990 and 2010, Ghana lost 33% of its forest cover, or around 2,5 million ha. Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Only information on employment related to the primary production of forest goods and related services is presented here. They provide an array of fruits and nuts, which are required as food for the rural people. Field data collected by GFC (T3), but for legal practices. Preamble. brings into focus the importance of forest re-serves in Ghana. This paper presents a report on the Non- Timber Forest Products development in Ghana. Important role of forestry in Ghana March 2, 2013 - 0 Comments Situated along the Gulf of Guinea, the West African country of Ghana has a total forest area of approximately 5 million hectares, which represents about 20% of its total land area, concentrated in the southern parts of the country. Ghana’s capital is the coastal city of Accra. 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importance of forest in ghana

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