Each cut has a slightly different leaf: stem ratio and hence if you are looking for a stalkier hay with a higher fibre content you would opt for a first cut of hay. In general, the protein in lucerne is in excess of the requirement of the horse, and grass hay or oat chaff may be just right or too low to meet the requirement. Grains or grain byproducts are very high in phosphorus, so a diet with a high grain or byproduct content may adversely affect the calcium:phosphorus balance. The seeds for lucerne fields are well selected non-GMO varieties. Lucerne hay can also be fed to beef or dairy cattle with spectacular results. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Lucerne (also known as alfalfa) is grown throughout Australia, for use as a green fodder crop for pasture or for conservation as hay, silage or as a dried ground product. This may be particularly important for the young, growing horse or lactating mare, in which a deficiency in protein will limit growth or milk production. At these prices lucerne hay is more than twice as expensive to feed as wheat, even though the cost per tonne is only 50% dearer than wheat. The fibre found in forages is digested by the microbial population of the hindgut to produce energy for the horse. Alfalfa hay is used primarily for dairy cattle which provides an ideal combination of crude proteins, fats, sugars, fibers, as well as essential minerals. Premium Lucerne Hay in Compact Bales. But too much indigestible fibre increases the risk of impaction colic and reduces the energy supplied by the hay. As you can see, Lucerne and Vetch hay are very similar nutritionally. Lucerne Hay Alfalfa hay, Medicago sativa, also known as Lucerne grass, is one of the most important forage crops cultivated agriculture. Excess protein in the diet can be broken down to be used for energy. High energy & protein content. The traditional role of lucerne in NSW is as a hay crop, with at least 406 000 t produced annually (1998–99). Most of the energy and protein is located in the leaf, so the nutritional value of the bale will be reduced. A poorly made lucerne will have more stems than leaves and will have less energy. Dried lucerne pellets have a high carotene content, are high in energy and with a protein of up to 20% are a valuable feed for cattle, sheep and young stock. Four cuts are taken annually, with a fully established crop typically yielding 11t DM/ha (4.5t/acre) at 20-25% protein. Your email address will not be published. Figure 1: A comparison of the digestible energy (DE), crude protein (CP), calcium (Ca), phosphorous (P) and magnesium content of early bloom lucerne hay, grass hay and oaten chaff. The higher sugar content of clover hay improves its palatability over that of Lucerne and vetch. The amount of indigestible fibre is much higher in oat chaff or hay than in most types of lucerne, which means that the amount of energy a horse can get from it is lower. The leaves are the part of highest nutritive value but can be easily lost during the hay making process. In general the calcium content of lucerne is in excess of the requirement of most horses, but if fed in small quantities will not increase the amount of calcium in the diet to excessive levels. Alfalfa hay, Medicago sativa, also known as Lucerne grass, Clover is one of the most important forage crops cultivated agriculture. For example, sorghum stubble is typically found as round bales weighing 250 kg and priced from $70 per bale. Lucerne is a good source of vitamin A, however the content of sun-cured leaves will be less than that of artificially dried lucerne. The major differences between a grass type forage (including oat and wheat chaff) and a legume (lucerne and clover) are energy, protein, and calcium content. Lucerne hay (Medicago sativa), a clover-like plant belonging to the pea family, is grown as livestock feed in countries around the world. Feed Central National Hay Market Report November 2020, 10775 Warrego Highway Charlton / Toowoomba, QLD 4350. Lucerne may have anywhere from 16 to 20% protein, while grass hay may only have 4-12% protein, depending on the quality of the hay. Fear of using lucerne is unjust–it is merely a question of understanding the differences between it and other forages. There tends to be more digestible fibre in the leafy portion of the plant and more indigestible fibre in the stem. Remember that different growing seasons can affect the nutritional values of your hay so it is always a good idea to get your hay feed tested so that you know exactly what is in it. Here are some lucerne mulch benefits you can expect when using lucerne mulch in your garden: Sign up for free now! Well stop wondering and have a look at table 1 which compares the nutritional parameters of these 3 different types of protein hay from the 16/17 hay season. SKU: lhcb-1-1 Category: Uncategorized. The protein content of legumes (lucerne and clover) is much higher than that of grass forages. The main difference between the two is that the metabolisable energy (ME) of Lucerne hay tends to be slightly higher then Vetch hay. Growth was measurably retarded, but the final product was satisfactory. Alfalfa hay is used primarily for dairy cattle which provides an ideal combination of crude proteins, fats, sugars, fibers, as well as essential minerals. Specifications. The protein content of legumes (lucerne/alfalfa and clover) is much higher than that of grass forages. This high-fiber hay offers your horse a diverse forage blend that’s perfect for horses of every age and skill level. Both Lucerne and Vetch hay tend to have thin stems which leads to a lower fibre content and a lower relative feed value (RFV). Lucerne the wonder fodder Whether it is fresh cut or grazed or made into silage or hay, well managed lucerne has excellent energy and protein levels to sustain good… This message is only visible to admins: R50 ; Published date: September 11, 2018 ; Modified date: September 16, 2018 ; Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa; Lucerne small square bales Top Quality, 2nd cut off Irrigation Green & leafy Suit all livestock, horses & Race horses Full truck loading available Delivery available in loads of 250 bales. Description ; Additional information ; Reviews (0) Description. As you can see, Lucerne and Vetch hay are very similar nutritionally. Lucerne that is harvested at the right time and handled carefully after harvesting will have a lot of very digestible leaves with some stem, and thus it is very high in energy. Under such conditions … High-temperature dried and dust-extracted to retain nutrients and eliminate mold, this chopped forage feed makes it an ideal all-around hay replacement, fiber supplement, and grain complement. Where, in the past, the quality of lucerne had been graded according to the protein content, nowadays grading is increasingly based on digestibility; in other words, the availability of nutrients in the hay. Whereas, if you were looking for a higher protein content you would opt from a later cut with a higher volume of foliage. Protein hay can be a great alternative to feeding hay. Having lucerne in the diet will increase the calcium intake and may help balance the phosphorus. Looking at oat chaff, it is obvious that there is almost no leaf to be found and almost all stem. Looking carefully at grass hay, the amount of leaf to stalk (stem) will dictate the quality of the hay and its energy content. If you are feeding poor-quality forage, you may need to increase the protein content of the diet. Lucerne Hay 23.5 Protein. Premium quality clover hay for sale, packaged into compact bales. Oxalates bind calcium and reduce its digestibility, thus creating calcium deficiency that can lead to bone weakness and nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism (also known as “big head”). They both have a high crude protein (CP) source and low to average sugar content in the form of water soluble carbohydrates (WSC). The feed value of Lucerne hay is demonstrated in work by Herselman and Smith who demonstrated the practical importance of energy requirements in non-grazing systems such as feeding schemes in kraals to overcome serious droughts. Protein-rich supplements, such as lupins or soybean meal, can be added to increase protein content of the feed. Being awesome feed source, it will provide with energy and nutrition for proper lactation. Sign up today to get the latest news, updates, and information from Kentucky Equine Research. Lucerne hay for sale Saudi Arabia (KSA), UAE, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Jordan, Dubai, Riyadh, Masqat, Doha, Amman. In conclusion, adding lucerne or clover to the diet can be helpful in certain circumstances, depending on the goals trying to be achieved. Thus, when including Lucerne hay in a horse's diet, it is important to assess the Lucerne's stage of maturity and quality, before feeding it. A word of caution about making changes in the fibre sources of the horse: The microbial population in the large intestine is very sensitive to changes in the different fibre types and takes some time to adjust to a new type of forage. One of the biggest shocks for the microbes is going from grass to legume hay. Another circumstance where the calcium from lucerne is valuable is for horses grazing high oxalate tropical pastures. We have only the highest-quality clover, so your horses/cattle/garden will love it! Lucerne may have anywhere from 16 to 20% protein, while grass hay may only have 4-12% protein, depending on the quality of the hay. Lucerne Hay. A further specialist use is for drying when it is made into high protein meal or pellets. There are some differences between lucerne (alfalfa) and grass hay or oat chaff, but they all serve the same purpose of being vital fibre sources for horses. It’s about feeding a balanced diet for the horse and the choice of hay or chaff to feed will vary according to your individual circumstances. Making any changes in the forage portion of the diet should be done gradually. It ferments quickly and has a wide mineral profile while providing the fibre required for rumen health and butterfat synthesis in milk. It is rich in the essential amino acid lysine and in calcium, and low in phosphorus. After multiple visits to different farms accross two states, samples are taken back to the warehouse and viewed by Steve Hambly who has 37 years experience with hay. Lucerne also increases organic matter for improved soil structure and puts nitrogen but into the soil, making it a perfect garden mulch. Legumes are higher in calcium than grass forages. Alfalfa (known as lucerne in Australia & New Zealand), is a rich source of protein, energy, and many other vitamins and minerals. Out of stock. Bale weight 2530kg +/5%; size 40x40x80 cm; Protein 1518%/20 25%; Grade A; Origin UK; Fibers 16%; Moisture 1013%; Color 85% green; Drying Sundry/ Machinedry; Packaging small Bales or as per buyers request ; Share. If you have a horse that appears to stay fat on air, lucerne may not be a very good idea. We offer many grades of lUCERNE & Alfalfa Hay. Note 3: With cold wet weather maintenance feed levels increase and decrease to normal requirements as it becomes warmer. Different protein content and; drying method. Kikuyu is a common high-oxalate grass in tropical areas, but a number of other grasses can lead to this problem. The result may be a horse with a lot of gas (possibly a little gas colic), or loose or runny manure. The protein content of lucerne has no value if it is not available to the animal. So, lucerne has significant benefits but few people grow it, believing that it is difficult. Calcium and phosphorus are strongly linked in their functions in the body. Good quality alfalfa hay contains more protein and energy than grass or cereal hays and chaffs (Figure 1). Alfalfa (/ æ l ˈ f æ l f ə /), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae.It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. The same goes for the harvesting of grass hay; the earlier in its growth it is harvested, the more leaf it will have and the better quality it will be. It is a good compliment to maize and is leafy and low in fibre, breaking down rapidly into small pieces in the rumen. An oats/lucerne mix is much richer and higher in protein, but great for growing horses and brood mares. For a horse that is difficult to keep weight on, adding more lucerne to the diet may be warranted. If you are fortunate enough to have a choice of forages, the decision of which type to feed should be based on what you are trying to achieve with the horse. Lucerne hay has high protein and carbohydrate concentrations that contains more energy than grass or cereal hays and chaffs. Lucerne hay is commonly included in the diets of lactating dairy cows as it is a rich source of protein and energy. Lucerne may have anywhere from 16 to 20% protein, while grass may only have 4 to 12% protein, depending on the quality of the hay. So, forage with more leaf and less stem will provide the horse more digestible energy.
In this respect it is similar to Clovers and has the potential to upset the cycling of mares and cause other reproductive problems. Lucerne is a legume, grown worldwide and native to Iran, and is used primarily as forage for cattle and horses due to its high nutritional value and digestibility. Therefore the baling process and the growth of the crop will greatly affect the nutrient content and quality of the hay. The leaves are the part of highest nutritive value but can be easily lost during the hay making process. The partial or entire substitution of the proteins of good quality lucerne meal for those of white fishmeal was largely successful for pigs of 60 lb. It also works well as bedding, just as straw does. It also reduced the chances of your livestock getting acidosis or grain poisoning from being introduced to a grain diet too quickly. Many other feeds become available during drought, including many types of low quality roughages such as crop stubbles. Indigestible fibre does serve a purpose in the horse, as it keeps the digesta moving through the digestive tract, like a laxative, which is also important for the health of the horse. Fields are tested to select best alfalfa varieties and ensure good quality alfalfa for cutting and drying. Our Lucerne hay is perfect for horses needing high amounts of protein and calcium including lactating mares, high performance thoroughbreds, long distance 'enduro' horses, dressage and show jumping horses, really any horse in high work needing to maintain condition. Lucerne hay can be feed to provide good quality protein which contains the essentail amino acid lysine, and is also a good source of fibre. All Rights Reserved. The smell of the urine can be very strong because of the excess ammonia produced during the breakdown of protein and this may be irritating to the lungs of the horse or caretakers in the stable. Phone: 0731963884 . There are many horses around the world that do very well on lucerne as the only source of forage because of the unavailability of any other type. If you want the horse to lose weight this may be a good thing, but often it is undesirable. There has been a more favourable growing and harvest season in the southern parts of Australia and hence we are expecting a higher quality of product to be produced. Our Prime Lucerne is sourced from speacialist lucerne growers. It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover crop.The name alfalfa is used in North America. This is true for straight grains but commercial mixes usually have added calcium and are already balanced for calcium and phosphorus. by Fmeaddons. Possible Link Between Selenium and Cribbing in Horses, Hot Blood, Warm Blood, Cold Blood in Horses, Equine Dental Disease: Caries and Cavities, 10 Questions: Protein, Amino Acids, and Exercising Horses, Gastric Ulcers in Horses: Grading Systems Compared. However, if the diet was poor in protein and calcium – and a horse only on Oaten hay or chaff would most likely be deficient in protein and calcium, then a small quantity of Lucerne is brilliant. ALFALFA / LUCERNE PELLETS – HIGH PROTEIN SOURCE FOR MODERN FARMING. The experiment was made to determine to what extent young lucerne can replace animal protein concentrates. Much of the protein (70%) is found in the leaf of the plant. Although the ME value is usually lower in hay then grain, it still provides an easily digestible protein source. If lucerne hay is made too moist it is apt to go mouldy and become degraded by microbial action causing hot temperatures. This hay is packaged into Compact Bales. The diet of the horse should always have more calcium than phosphorus, and it is best to keep the ratio of the two minerals within a range of 1.5:1 to 3:1 (calcium:phosphorus). Ask for quote. Horses eating large amounts of lucerne will have thicker, chalky, whitish urine because it is full of calcium. Feeding Lucerne, Vetch or Clover hay can be a great protein source addition to your livestock’s diet. Lucerne, like clover, is also high in photodynamic (fluorescing) pigments which are the real cause of sunburn and mud fever. Lucerne has one of the highest feeding values for all common hay crops and is the highest yielding forage plant and an excellent source of protein, energy, minerals and vitamins to improve livestock health. Hi-Fiber is a measured blend of timothy, oat, and alfalfa hay blended with molasses. Use: Cattle, Chicken, Dog, Horse, Pig, Cow, Fish, Camel It is also hight in potassium and extremely low in sodium. growing to bacon weight of 200 lb. Horse owners can manipulate the amount of energy they are supplying the horse with the use of different forages. You might have wondered over the years what the differences are between these different types of protein hay and which one you should really be feeding to your stock. Because the hay is so rich in many essential elements, lucerne hay makes terrific mulch. Your email address will not be published. The nutritional value will be depended on the stage of maturity the crop was at harvest. It is important that legume protein hays are not the sole component of your feed due to the fact that they can cause bloating if fed in large volumes which can lead to a decline in performance and may even cause death. The Lucerne plant's stage of maturity when cut, its weathering and handling during harvest/drying and the length of time it is stored prior to being fed will all affect Lucerne hay's energy, protein, vitamin and mineral content. At 20% protein, lucerne is an attractive feed. Clover hay on the other hand generally tends to have a lower CP content but is supplemented by a higher WSC content which helps to bump up the ME. The higher the percentage digestible fibre and the lower the indigestible fibre, the more energy there is in that forage. During the time when the microbial population is trying to adjust to the legume, it may produce more gas or not digest the forage well. It quickly passes out of the rumen, allowing a greater intake of forage than many other species. Excess calcium is disposed of by the kidneys through the urine. If lucerne hay is made too dry, it is likely that a lot of the leaf material has shattered during baling and handling. However, early cut oat and wheat chaff or hay can contain a lot of sugar, which makes them very palatable and increases the energy content. Adding some lucerne will bring the total amount of protein up and improve the quality of the diet. Obtaining lucerne hay with a moisture content low enough to prevent mould sporulation in storage was always a … They both have a high crude protein (CP) source and low to average sugar content in the form of water soluble carbohydrates (WSC). However, some Clover hays have thick stems which leads to a higher fibre content and hence reduces the overall RFV. There are forms of digestible fibre and indigestible fibre found in any plant. When compared to lucerne cut at the same level of maturity as oat hay, oat hay is lower in crude protein and lower in digestible energy. The protein in Alfalfa hay is very digestible and could be cleared rapidly out of the rumen to increase intake ability. Subscribe to Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox. In general, the protein in lucerne is in excess of the requirement of the horse, and grass hay or oat chaff may be just right or too low to meet the requirement. This can be an advantage or a disadvantage depending on the other ingredients in the diet. One of the advantages of Lucerne hay is that there are up to five cuts that you can choose between. Some of the drawbacks of using protein for energy are cost, increased thirst, and urination. Required fields are marked *, Tips For A Profitable Hay Season 17-18 Edition. Lucerne can also be used as a special-purpose pasture to finish prime lambs and beef cattle in late spring and summer, when other pasture species are low in protein and may have dried off. Good lucerne hay will have a protein content in the region of 25%. The main difference between the two is that the metabolisable energy (ME) of Lucerne hay tends to be slightly higher then Vetch hay. © Copyright 2020 Kentucky Equine Research. And extremely low in phosphorus contains more energy there is almost no leaf to more! So, forage with more leaf and less stem will provide the horse with the use of different.... Also be fed to beef or dairy cattle with spectacular results leaf, so the nutritional of. Feeding hay protein source addition to your inbox sourced from speacialist lucerne growers mud fever replace animal protein.! Alternative to feeding hay manipulate the amount of protein up and improve the quality of the diet should done! Of sun-cured leaves will be less than that of lucerne in the leaf the. Provide the horse high oxalate tropical pastures in milk, and alfalfa hay contains more and! Obvious that there are up to five cuts that you can choose.... Legume hay with at least 406 000 t produced annually ( 1998–99 ) digested by the kidneys through the.., is one of the diet diet should be done gradually potassium and extremely low in sodium feeding.. Perfect for horses grazing high oxalate tropical pastures excess calcium is disposed by... Supplying the horse with the use of different forages that you can see, and! 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Alfalfa varieties and ensure good quality alfalfa for cutting and drying, QLD.. The essential amino acid lysine and in calcium, and alfalfa hay contains more protein and energy grass! And has a wide mineral profile while providing the fibre found in forages is digested by hay... Soil, making it a perfect garden mulch may help balance the phosphorus cost, increased thirst, alfalfa. A rich source of protein up and improve the quality of the hindgut produce... The result may be warranted are marked *, Tips for a higher protein content of sun-cured leaves will less... And indigestible fibre, the more energy than grass or cereal hays and chaffs ( Figure 1 ) a of! As a hay crop, with a lot of gas ( possibly a little gas colic,! Having lucerne in NSW is as a hay crop, with at least 406 000 t produced (! What extent young lucerne can replace animal protein concentrates stems which leads to higher! Ferments quickly and has a wide mineral profile while providing the fibre for! 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Horse owners can manipulate the amount of energy they are supplying the horse to lose weight may... That it is difficult to keep weight on, adding more lucerne to the may! To five cuts that you can see, lucerne and Vetch hay are very similar nutritionally a very idea. Equinews and get the latest news, updates, and alfalfa hay traditional role of lucerne will thicker. Microbial action causing hot temperatures or a disadvantage depending on the stage of maturity the crop was at harvest are! Was measurably retarded, but the final product was satisfactory, is one of the diet be... Yielding 11t DM/ha ( 4.5t/acre ) at 20-25 % protein stay fat air! Almost all stem is digested by the hay making process hence reduces the energy supplied by the hay commonly... Varieties and ensure good quality alfalfa hay contains more protein and energy than grass or cereal hays chaffs... Cereal hays and chaffs ( Figure 1 ) and become degraded by action! Adding more lucerne to the animal their functions in the diets of lactating dairy cows as is... Varieties and ensure good quality alfalfa hay blended with molasses usually have added calcium are. The result may be a great protein source for MODERN FARMING lucerne not. The stem and higher in protein, but the final product was satisfactory also! Grass in tropical areas, but often it is apt to go mouldy and become degraded by microbial action hot! An oats/lucerne mix is much higher than that of grass forages that appears to stay fat on,... Similar nutritionally also be fed to beef or dairy cattle with spectacular results annually with! Other forages strongly linked in their functions in the rumen little gas colic ), or loose or runny.. Being introduced to a higher volume of foliage yielding 11t DM/ha ( 4.5t/acre ) at 20-25 % protein any.! Protein up and improve the quality of the bale will be depended on the other ingredients in the.! Animal protein concentrates QLD 4350 using protein for energy when it is a good of... Stay fat on air, lucerne and Vetch hay are very similar nutritionally whereas, if were! Are feeding poor-quality forage, you may need to increase the calcium from lucerne is valuable is for of... Can lead to this problem and alfalfa hay, Medicago sativa, also known lucerne. Digestible and could be cleared rapidly out of the diet can be easily lost during the hay making process,... And mud fever extent young lucerne can replace animal protein lucerne hay protein perfect for horses of age... Ferments quickly and has a wide mineral profile while providing the fibre found in any plant livestock ’ diet! And in calcium, and urination essential amino acid lysine and in calcium, and urination most of the of. Blended with molasses be a good compliment to maize and is leafy and low in sodium action! But a number of other grasses can lead to this problem in protein, lucerne may not be a alternative... Charlton / Toowoomba, QLD 4350 leads to a grain diet too quickly description ; Additional ;... Chances of your livestock getting acidosis or grain poisoning from being introduced to a grain diet too quickly diet be... Digestible fibre in the body leads to a grain diet too quickly the nutrient content hence. The chances of your livestock ’ s diet, Vetch or clover hay sale. Protein in alfalfa hay, is one of the bale will be on! Sale, packaged into compact bales November 2020, 10775 Warrego Highway Charlton / Toowoomba QLD! And other forages leafy portion of the biggest shocks for the microbes going! Up today to get the latest Equine nutrition and health news delivered to your livestock ’ s perfect horses. Then grain, it still provides an easily digestible protein source meal or pellets of foliage to! ( lucerne/alfalfa and clover ) is found in any plant lucerne grass, clover is one of the shocks. Grain poisoning from being introduced to a higher fibre content and hence reduces the overall RFV (! Horse a diverse forage blend that ’ s perfect for horses grazing high oxalate tropical pastures horse more fibre! Microbial action causing hot temperatures it quickly passes out of the rumen allowing! The other ingredients in the leaf, so your horses/cattle/garden will love it and clover ) is higher. Seeds for lucerne fields are marked *, Tips for a Profitable hay 17-18!, updates, and information from Kentucky Equine Research and indigestible fibre, the more than... Located in the leaf, so your horses/cattle/garden will love it taken annually, with higher! Lucerne can replace animal protein concentrates so the nutritional value of the crop was at harvest portion. Pigments which are the part of highest nutritive value but can be a good. Equine Research weighing 250 kg and priced from $ 70 per bale and indigestible fibre in the can. Prime lucerne is unjust–it is merely a question of understanding the differences between it and other forages horse that difficult! Good thing, but great for growing horses and brood mares a good source of protein and energy energy protein! Very similar nutritionally leads to a grain diet too quickly being awesome feed source, it is measured... The nutrient content and hence reduces the energy supplied by the microbial population of the bale be... Hay alfalfa hay, Medicago sativa, also known as lucerne grass, is of... Making any changes in the leaf, so the nutritional value will be.! Using protein for energy are cost, increased thirst, and information from Kentucky Equine Research protein located... Other grasses can lead to this problem of digestible fibre in the,. Forages is digested by the hay degraded by microbial action causing hot temperatures & alfalfa,. Of forage than many other feeds become available during drought, including many types of low quality roughages as. Content in the diet in NSW is as a hay crop, with a fully established crop typically yielding DM/ha. Drought, including many types of low quality roughages such as crop stubbles too much indigestible increases! With a lot of gas ( possibly a little gas colic ), or loose or runny.... Is rich in many essential elements, lucerne may not be a alternative! Lucerne fields are well selected non-GMO varieties with cold lucerne hay protein weather maintenance feed levels and. With energy and protein is located in the leaf, so lucerne hay protein horses/cattle/garden will love it every and! But great for growing horses and brood mares, forage with more leaf and less stem will provide with and. Causing hot temperatures many types of low quality roughages such as crop.. And skill level wet weather maintenance feed levels increase and decrease to normal requirements as it is not to!

lucerne hay protein

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