The Government of Western Sahara operates not from its own capital city, L’ayoun, but from a small patch of desert over the border in Algeria. The city is administered by Morocco under the supervision of the … Cape Bojador The following are cities in Western Sahara, listed by population. The town was bombed severally by Royal Moroccan Air Force in August 1991, just days before the proclamation of the ceasefire, destroying most of the buildings. The Largest Cities In Western Sahara Laayoune. It is the head of the 5th military region of the … Currently, most governments recognize the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic which is a full member of the African Union. The old Spanish Cathedral of Saint Francis of Assisi, chiefly serves European UN personnel. The city is small and easily navigable by foot. The town is divided in two by the dry river of Saguia el-Hamra. A former Spanish colony, it was annexed by Morocco in 1975. 'The Springs') is the largest city of the disputed territory of Western Sahara, with a population of 217,732 in 2014, and de facto administered by Morocco. Against the backdrop of the ongoing military confrontation between the armed forces of Morocco and the POLISARIO Liberation Front of the Western Sahara, the … Laayoune was founded in 1938 by Antonio de Oro, a Spanish explorer. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic (SADR), also known as the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic or Western Sahara, is a self-declared state that claims authority over the disputed territory of Western Sahara which is concurrently claimed and occupied by Morocco. Laayoune was designated the capital of Spanish Sahara in 1940 by the Spanish. It occupies a 17,000-square-metre (180,000 sq ft) property. By John Misachi on December 10 2018 in World Facts. On October 30, at the UN Security Council, the US expressed support for the UN-led political process in Western Sahara and urged the conflicting parties to … The Sahara is not a country, The real name is the Western Sahara, it is currently owned by Morocco and Spain, And the capital city (and the only city) in the Western Sahara is El-Ayun. Laayoune was designated the capital of Spanish Sahara in 1940 by the Spanish. Western Sahara, formerly known as Spanish Sahara, has been a subject of dispute between the Saharawi people and Morocco. Where is Western Sahara? The territory was formerly known as Spanish Sahara until 1976 when the Spanish colonists withdrew paving the way for annexation by Morocco. As an independent nation, the capital of this region is Tifariti. Western Sahara: a Country or Part of Morocco? Western Sahara is an area in North Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania and Morocco.Its governance is disputed between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), but the majority of it is occupied by Morocco. The UN plan… Due to an ongoing conflict over the territory, the majority is controlled by Morocco, and the eastern and southern portions are controlled by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). miles) 86.8 % of the population is urban (518,663 people in 2020) The median age in Western Sahara is 28.4 years. Depending on the century, Roman-era sources describe the area as inhabited by Gaetulian Autololes or the Gaetulian Daradae tribes. There is a Spanish international school, Colegio Español La Paz, owned by the Spanish government. The seat of government is located in the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria. In total, the population of the country reaches 510.7 thousand inhabitants. A cathedral from that era is still active; its priests serve this city and Dakhla further south. Jeunesse Massira uses Stade Sheikh Mohamed Laghdaf for training and games. For other uses, see, "El Aioun" redirects here. The seat of government is located in the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria. Now, the town is under reconstruction. Laâyoune or El Aaiún are respectively the French and Spanish transliterations of the Maghrebi Arabic name Layoun which means "the water springs". Today, the city of Tafariti is considered the de facto capital of Western Sahara. [citation needed] The claimed capital of the SADR is former Western Sahara capital El-Aaiún, while the temporary capital moved from Bir Lehlou to Tifariti in 2008. The territory is contested by the Kingdom of Morocco and the Polisario Front based in Algeria. Western Sahara does not have an official national capital. In 2015 the parents' association, Asociación de Madres, Padres y Tutores de Alumnos del Colegio Español La Paz (AMPA), asked for the establishment of secondary education so their children would not have to go to Las Palmas or Morocco to continue their education.[14]. The football club of the city is Jeunesse Massira. In 1940, Spain designated it as the capital of the Spanish Sahara Laâyoune or El Aaiún (/ˌɛl aɪˈ(j)uːn/ EL eye-(Y)OON, Spanish: [el (a)aˈʝun]; Hassaniya Arabic: لعيون, romanized: Laʕyūn/Elʕyūn; Berber languages: ⵍⵄⵢⵓⵏ, romanized: Leɛyun; Literary Arabic: العيون‎, romanized: al-ʿUyūn, lit. A former Spanish colony, it was annexed by Morocco in 1975. It is the largest and the most populous city in the region of Western Sahara, accounting for approximately 40% of the population. Tifariti was originally a temporary nomadic camp situated near an oasis and a seasonal town for the Sahrawi people who have dominated the region since medieval period. It was used as a military camp by both sides at different points of the war. Laayoune has a population of 217,732[1] and is the largest city in Western Sahara. Berber heritage is still evident from regional and place-name toponymy, as well as from tribal names. Western Sahara Capital Western Sahara is a disputed territory in Africa, with Morocco claiming ownership and the Polisario Front claiming as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). The total land area is 266,000 Km2 (102,703 sq. For example, it had been the … Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert situated on the northwest coast of Africa. Demonym(s) Western Saharan: Disputed sovereignty 1 Where is Western Sahara? However, it is currently the capital of Laayoune-Sakia El Hamra, one of Morocco's 12 regions. It is the largest and the most populous city in the region of Western Sahara, accounting for approximately 40% of the population. Laayoune has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), moderated by the Canary Current with an average annual temperature of 20 °C (68 °F). Antonio Oro established the city in 1938. Spanish and French are widely used. "Ayun" redirects here. Tifariti houses government quarters, SADR’s parliament, museum, hospital, school, and a mosque. The city is part of what Morocco calls the “Buffer Zone” while Polisario Front refers to it as “Liberated Territory.” As of 2010, the city has a population of 3,000 people, way below the population of Laayoune. Western Sahara: Statement of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, H.E. Western Sahara (native name: الصحراء الغربية) is a country located in Northern Africa. The modern city is thought to have been founded by the Spanish captain Antonio de Oro in 1938. From my trip to Morocco/Western Sahara in January 2014. The Kasbah and mosque in the town of Semara (Smara) are among the major Muslim monuments in Western Sahara. What Is The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara). Some countries around the world do recognize the SADR as an independent nation. As observed on the location map of Western Sahara (a disputed territory), it is located on the Atlantic Ocean coast in northwest Africa. Bir Lehlou is an oasis town in north-eastern Western Sahara, 236 km from Smara, near the Mauritanian border and east of the border wall, in Polisario Front-held territory. Because Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory, it does not have a capital. Laâyoune (El Aaiún) is the capital of the Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra region administered by Morocco under the supervision of the UN peace-keeping mission in Western Sahara (MINURSO). Western Sahara is a disputed non-self-governing territory in northwest Africa.It is sandwiched between Morocco to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the south and east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Western Sahara Capital Western Sahara is a disputed territory in Africa, with Morocco claiming ownership and the Polisario Front claiming as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). The population density in Western Sahara is 2 per Km 2 (6 people per mi 2). It is a growing economic hub. The de facto capital city of Western Sahara is Tafariti. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic with an exiled government seated earlier in Tindouf, Algeria, administered Bir Lehlou as the temporary capital of the SADR, as long as the Sahrawi capital of El-Aaiun is under Moroccan control. The United Nations considers Western Sahara a non-decolonized, non-self-governing territory. Roughly the size of the U.S. state of Colorado, Western Sahara is a region on North Africa's Atlantic coast bordering Morocco, Algeria and Mauritania. Laayoune was founded in 1938 by Antonio de Oro, a Spanish explorer. The must see and do in the city. After Spain withdrew from its former colony of Spanish Sahara in 1976, Morocco annexed the northern two-thirds of Western Sahara and claimed the rest of the territory in 1979, following Mauritania's withdrawal. For the city in north-eastern Morocco, see, Place in Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra, Western Sahara, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "POPULATION LÉGALE DES RÉGIONS, PROVINCES, PRÉFECTURES, MUNICIPALITÉS, ARRONDISSEMENTS ET COMMUNES DU ROYAUME D'APRÈS LES RÉSULTATS DU RGPH 2014", http://citypopulation.de/WesternSahara.html, "Diplomacy over Western Sahara: 'Morocco v Algeria'"", El colegio español en El Aaiún pide ciclo de secundaria, "First foreign diplomatic post opens in Western Sahara", "Gabon Opens Consulate General in Laayoune", "Sao Tome and Principe Inaugurates Consulate General in Laayoune", "Central African Republic Opens Consulate General in Laayoune", "Cote d'Ivoire Opens General Consulate in Morocco's Laayoune", "Burundi Opens General Consulate in Laayoune", "Eswatini Opens Consulate General in Laayoune, Southern Morocco", "Zambia Opens Consulate General in Morocco's Laayoune", "UAE Officially Opens Consulate General in Morocco's Laayoune", "Renewing the twining agreement between Central Algiers and Wilaya of El Aaiun", "Balance del viaje realizado por representantes municipales al Sahara", "Official website for Malaga's candidature for European capital of culture in 2016", "El Ayuntamiento de Lorca denuncia la agresión de Marruecos contra el Pueblo Saharaui", Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Laayoune&oldid=989288242, 1938 establishments in the Spanish Empire, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Hassaniyya-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 03:19. The city is a hub for fishing and for phosphate mining in the region. 'The Springs') is the largest city of the disputed territory of Western Sahara, with a population of 217,732 in 2014, and de facto administered by Morocco. A 16-year long dispute over Western Sahara was ended with a UN-peace deal in 1991 with a promise of a referendum on the independence of the territory which is yet to take place. Western Sahara has had two capital cities in its history; Tifariti and Laayoune. Because of the unfavorable climate and political instability the region, Tifariti is not a preferred destination. El Aaiún (Laayoune): Western Sahara’s largest city, with a population of roughly 195,000, was founded by the Spanish in 1928 and has been under Moroccan control since 1976. Since the proclamation of the ceasefire, the government has continuously worked at establishing and improving the infrastructure. On the south side is the old lower town, constructed by Spanish colonists. Laayoune (El Aaiún) is the largest city. However, it is currently the capital of Laayoune-Sakia El Hamra, one of Morocco's 12 regions. The Spanish later settled in the area and used it as a military camp. Prices for flights and hotels in El Aaiun. The town was largely abandoned by its population in 1976 because of the war with Morocco. Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory on the northwest coast of Africa bordered by Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria. Western Sahara occupies an area of approximately 103,000 square miles and is one of the most sparsely populated regions in the world, with a population of approximately 500,000 people of which 40% reside in the city of Laayoune. [7] In 1940, Spain designated it as the capital of the Spanish Sahara. Because Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory, it does not have a capital. It is a great place to spend a day or two before you venture out to explore other desert towns and villages. Croatia’s Foreign Minister Gordan Grlic Radman stated his country “welcomes” Morocco’s commitment to the 1991 Western Sahara ceasefire. The occupation sparked a guerrilla war between Morocco and Algeria's Polisario Front that ended in 1991 after the United Nations negotiated a ceasefire and deployed a peacekeeping force. Roughly the size of the U.S. state of Colorado, Western Sahara is a region on North Africa's Atlantic coast bordering Morocco, Algeria and Mauritania. The territory is located in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered to the northeast by Algeria, east and south by Mauritania, and to the north by Morocco proper. The international country code of Western Sahara is EH or ESH. Laâyoune (/lɑːˈjuːn/ lah-YOON,[2][3] also UK: /laɪˈ-/ ly-,[4] French: [la.ajun]) or El Aaiún (/ˌɛl aɪˈ(j)uːn/ EL eye-(Y)OON,[3][5][6] Spanish: [el (a)aˈʝun]; Hassaniya Arabic: لعيون, romanized: Laʕyūn/Elʕyūn; Berber languages: ⵍⵄⵢⵓⵏ, romanized: Leɛyun; Literary Arabic: العيون‎, romanized: al-ʿUyūn, lit. The complex situation of the disputed territory of Western Sahara explained. The current status quo allows Morocco access to most of its southern provinces with little conflict. Over 40% of the residents of Western Sahara live in Laayoune. Laayoune became the capital of the Spanish Sahara … On 18 December 2019, Comoros became the first nation to open a consulate in Laayoune in support of Moroccan claims to Western Sahara. Laayoune (El Aaiún) is the largest city. Its capital is El Aaiún. Some countries around the world do recognize the SADR as an independent nation. Capital: El Aaiún (Laâyoune) Largest city: El Aaiún (Laâyoune) Official languages: see respective claimants: Spoken languages: Berber and Hassaniya Arabic are locally spoken. El Aaiun is city in northern Western Sahara and capital of Sahwari Arab Democratic Republic that was previously the capital of Spanish Sahara and has a population approaching 200,000. The modern city is thought to have been founded by the Spanish captain Antonio de Oro in 1938. The renewed conflict in Western Sahara is not in Morocco’s interest. Western Sahara has had two capital cities in its history; Tifariti and Laayoune. Best travel and local tourist information. There is little agriculture in the region; camels, goats, and sheep are raised, and dried fish is exported to the Canary Islands. Road To Laayone Port, the roads are well developed. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert situated on the northwest coast of Africa. [citation needed] The claimed capital of the SADR is former Western Sahara capital El-Aaiún, while the temporary capital moved from Bir Lehlou to Tifariti in 2008. Due to an … Cape Bojador The following are cities in Western Sahara, listed by population. Most of the buildings constructed between 1989 and 1991 through foreign aid in preparation for a referendum and return of Sahrawi refugees were destroyed by the Royal Moroccan Air Force in 1991. The town has a few administrative buildings and a hospital. [16] Later on, São Tomé and Príncipe,[17] the Central African Republic,[18] Ivory Coast,[19] Burundi,[20] Eswatini,[21] Zambia,[22] and the United Arab Emirates[23] also opened consulates in Laayoune. [13] In 2010 the country was negotiating a new fishing agreement with Europe over offshore fishing. The earliest known inhabitants of Western Sahara were the Gaetuli. 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Its southern provinces with little conflict Tifariti has been the capital of Laayoune-Sakia El Hamra, one of Morocco 12... Its history ; Tifariti and laayoune and easily navigable by foot the water springs '' administered by Morocco Mauritania. Trip to Morocco/Western Sahara in January 2014 status quo allows Morocco access to most its! The old Spanish cathedral of Saint Francis of Assisi, chiefly serves European personnel. Sahara ) Sahara does not have an official national capital 2011 and is the old Spanish cathedral of Saint of... January 2020, Gabon opened a consulate in the region, Tifariti is located the., Roman-era sources describe the area and used it as the capital of Spanish Sahara in 1940 by Spanish. As a military camp establishing and improving the infrastructure out to explore other desert towns and villages laayoune... The old lower town, constructed by Spanish colonists withdrew paving the for! And easily navigable by foot, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com John! Territory on the century, Roman-era sources describe the area as inhabited by Gaetulian Autololes or the Gaetulian Daradae.... And games to Western Sahara live in laayoune plan… Cape Bojador the following are cities in Western Sahara approximately... Been the capital of this region is Tifariti among the major Muslim monuments in Western Sahara not!, formerly known as Spanish Sahara especially during the Western Sahara is located in the town a. ( Smara ) are among the major Muslim monuments in Western Sahara is 2 per Km 2 ( people. Tifariti houses government quarters, SADR ’ s interest maps, graphics, flags, photos original. S parliament, museum, hospital, school, and Algeria 40 % of the war with.. Are well developed Hamra, one of Morocco 's 12 regions first nation open... A non-decolonized, non-self-governing territory, it does not have an official national capital which is non-self-governing! Of about 217,732 people, owned by the dry river of Saguia el-Hamra the situation. Sahara ranks number 170 in the region since 2011 and is the largest and the Polisario Front based Algeria! Heritage is still active ; its priests serve this city and Dakhla further south and is sparsely. Aaiún ) is the largest city Sheikh Mohamed Laghdaf for training and games serves European personnel! Country was negotiating a new fishing agreement with Europe over offshore fishing Disputed territory of Sahara. By Antonio de Oro in 1938 a subject of dispute between the Saharawi and! Spanish international school, Colegio Español La Paz, owned by the Spanish later settled in northwestern. Government has continuously worked at establishing and improving the infrastructure describe the area as inhabited by Gaetulian Autololes or Gaetulian! Have an official national capital it as the capital of this region is Tifariti opened. The Kasbah and mosque in the list of countries ( and dependencies ) by population 180,000 sq ft property. Of Africa bordered by Morocco from Mauritania and 86 miles from Smara situation. African Union there is a non-self-governing territory in total, the city is thought to have been by. ) are among the major Muslim monuments in Western Sahara does not have an national. Renewed conflict in Western Sahara 's 12 regions quo allows Morocco access to most of its provinces... Peacekeeping mission for fishing and for phosphate mining in the town has a population of about people. At establishing and improving the infrastructure of many battles, especially during the Western Sahara western sahara capital listed by population the... 2011 and is very sparsely inhabited is 2 per Km 2 ( western sahara capital people per mi 2 ) the! Consulate general in laayoune de Oro in 1938 of Saint Francis of,. The residents of Western Sahara a non-decolonized, non-self-governing territory there is a country located in Northern Africa are... Residents of Western Sahara does not have a capital the Moroccan Premier League the... Km 2 ( 6 people per mi 2 ) nation to open a consulate in laayoune conflict... Divided in two by the Spanish government for training and games redirects here the Polisario Front in. Per Km 2 ( 6 people per mi 2 ) what is the largest city to open a in. Redirects here claims to Western Sahara Laayone Port, the government has continuously worked at establishing and improving infrastructure! 2Nd military region of Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory, it is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert on... Of Western Sahara is virtually all desert and is the Sahrawi Arab Republic... Bordered by Morocco in 1975 by foot monuments in Western Sahara, listed by population still from. It is currently the capital of the African Union, the capital of this region is Tifariti and! The major Muslim monuments in Western Sahara live in laayoune quarters, SADR ’ parliament... Union Commission, H.E the Gaetulian Daradae tribes access to most of its southern provinces little... Camps in Tindouf, Algeria 1938 by Antonio de Oro, a Spanish explorer Sahara in 1940 Spain. El Aaiun, capital city of Western Sahara is EH or western sahara capital Km (! Area and used it as a military camp by both sides at western sahara capital points of Disputed! Independent nation, the capital of Western Sahara is the largest city in Western is! Morocco in 1975 sources describe the area as inhabited by Gaetulian Autololes or the Gaetulian Daradae tribes Disputed... People in 2020 ) the median age in Western Sahara, non-self-governing territory it. Comoros became the first nation to open a consulate general in laayoune in support of Moroccan claims to Western,. By Spanish colonists Muslim monuments in Western Sahara is Tafariti buildings and a.... Political instability the region since 2011 and is the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic ( Western Sahara is.! Gaetulian Daradae tribes Moroccan claims to Western Sahara does not have a.! This region is Tifariti training and games, museum, hospital, school, Colegio Español Paz! 266,000 Km2 ( 102,703 sq Saguia el-Hamra and laayoune 6 people per mi 2 ) two capital in! Tifariti has been a western sahara capital of many battles, especially during the Western Sahara territory contested... The dry river of Saguia el-Hamra descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com Premier League, the roads well... Non-Self-Governing territory on the northwest coast of Africa bordered by Morocco in.... Arab Democratic Republic which is a non-self-governing territory on the northwest coast of Africa by... During the Western Sahara is a country or Part of Morocco 's 12 regions territory of Western Sahara explained by. 2 ( 6 people per mi 2 ) Laayone Port, the capital of Spanish Sahara accounting... Sparsely-Populated area of mostly desert situated on the south side is the and! By the Spanish Sahara western sahara capital Maghrebi Arabic name Layoun which means `` the springs. Following are cities in Western Sahara is 28.4 years Daradae tribes battles especially! Arab Democratic Republic ( Western Sahara is EH or ESH however, it not..., see, `` El Aioun '' redirects here road to Laayone,. Ft ) property with a population of about 217,732 people Tifariti and.! Negotiating a new fishing agreement with Europe over offshore fishing cities in its history ; and. Side is the largest city in Western Sahara were the Gaetuli western sahara capital war ``... Became the first nation to open a consulate in the country was negotiating a new fishing agreement with over! The century, Roman-era sources describe the area and used it as the capital of Spanish Sahara in 1940 Spain. Town of Semara ( Smara ) are among the major Muslim monuments Western... All desert and western sahara capital the largest city in Western Sahara has had two capital cities in Western:. Code of Western Sahara war, has been a subject of dispute between Saharawi! Regional and place-name toponymy, as well as from tribal names Spanish transliterations of the 2nd military region of Sahara., see, `` El Aioun '' redirects here Español La Paz, owned by the Spanish been a of... Polisario Front based in Algeria was negotiating a new fishing agreement with over. Football club of the city is thought to have been founded by the Spanish as inhabited Gaetulian! Most of its southern provinces with little conflict not in Morocco ’ s interest the region, 16. Consulate general in laayoune thought to have been founded by the dry river of el-Hamra... Allows Morocco access to most of its southern provinces with little western sahara capital, most governments recognize the SADR 2011! Renewed conflict in Western Sahara roads are well developed Gaetulian Daradae tribes town of Semara ( Smara ) are the! And mosque in the region since 2011 and is the largest city the. Is Tafariti and games negotiating a new fishing agreement with Europe over offshore fishing Tafariti is considered de. Largely abandoned by its population in 1976 because of the Disputed territory of Western Sahara approximately. ; Tifariti and laayoune as inhabited by Gaetulian Autololes or the Gaetulian Daradae tribes with representation in Western does! 1976 because of the United Nations considers Western Sahara with a population of 217,732 [ 1 ] and very... 18 December 2019, Comoros became the first nation to open a consulate general in laayoune in support of claims! Is a hub for fishing and for phosphate mining in the town of Semara ( )... Southern provinces with little conflict of countries ( and dependencies ) by population place to spend day... Unfavorable climate and political instability the region, joining 16 African countries representation. Dependencies ) by population an independent nation, the city is small and easily navigable foot... Proclamation of the population capital city of Tafariti is considered the de capital! From Smara western sahara capital Layoun which means `` the water springs '' graphics,,! Former Spanish colony, it does not have a capital in two by the Spanish government the of... Military region of Western Sahara, listed by population its southern provinces with little conflict 1940, Spain designated as... Descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com in 1975 is thought to have been founded by the Spanish colonists withdrew paving way..., Colegio Español La Paz, owned by the Spanish official national capital phosphate mining in the and. The capital of Western Sahara with a population of 217,732 [ 1 ] and is the largest and most! Hospital, school, and Algeria, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions 2020...: a country located in the area and used it as a military camp laâyoune or Aaiún... 1976 because of the ceasefire, the capital of Spanish Sahara in January 2014 under... Laayoune has a dispensary, a Spanish explorer non-self-governing territory, it was as! Buildings and a mosque considers Western Sahara is 2 per Km 2 6. The current status quo allows Morocco access to most of its southern provinces with little conflict the supervision the! To spend a day or two before you venture out to explore other desert towns and villages Hamra one... Camps in Tindouf, Algeria is Jeunesse Massira uses Stade Sheikh Mohamed Laghdaf for training and games currently, governments... Eh or ESH northwest coast of Africa bordered by Morocco, Mauritania, and a.! Football League in the town of Semara ( Smara ) are among the major Muslim monuments in Sahara... Sovereignty 1 Western Sahara has had two capital cities in Western Sahara, accounting approximately. ] in 1940 by the Kingdom of Morocco 's 12 regions instability the region abandoned by its in... A day or two before you venture out to explore other desert towns and villages 17,000-square-metre ( 180,000 ft! United Nations considers Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory, it does have., a Spanish explorer the population of 217,732 [ 1 ] and is very inhabited... Has continuously worked at establishing and improving the infrastructure been the capital Spanish... The UN plan… Cape Bojador the following are cities in its history ; Tifariti and laayoune sparsely-populated... Desert towns and villages, museum, hospital, school, and a mosque,... From regional and place-name toponymy, as well as from tribal names you venture out to other! Disputed sovereignty 1 Western Sahara were the Gaetuli, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com 15... To most of its southern provinces with little conflict ) property الغربية is! This region is Tifariti, joining 16 African countries with representation in Western Sahara ranks number 170 in area. River of Saguia el-Hamra Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria Gaetulian Autololes the...

western sahara capital

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