It is the government that is closer to the people. The local government is the third tier of the administrative structure in Nigeria. Section 7 (1) of the 1999 Constitution that gives legal impetus to local government system as a tier of government in Nigeria places local government councils under the control of state government. Each local government area is administered by a Local Government Council. Nigeria is a federal republic, with executive power exercised by the president. 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY. By Okechukwu Onuegbu The local government area (LGA) is among the three constitutionally recognised tiers of government as provided by the 1999 constitution of Nigeria. Note that it is the National Electoral Commission that conducts gubernatorial elections while the State Electoral Commission conducts local government elections. Grassroots participation in governance. The National Assembly is Nigeria's major authority organ, the primary function, and responsibility of which is to produce laws as it is stated in the first chapter, the fourth section of the Nigerian Constitution adopted in the year 1999. Local governments in Nigeria are ineffective and inefficient because the central and state governments intrude on most of its functions. The Senate is one of the bodies from the Nigerian bicameral parliament. The constant interference of the higher tiers of government on the powers and … The local government was made the third tier of government of the federation. Local Government Reform of 1976. There werethe existence of The first purpose is the administrative purpose of supplying goods and services; the other purpose is to represent and involve citizens in determining specific local public … Click to Check. The president is the head of state, the head of government, and the head of a multi-party system. In Nigeria, most Local Governments chairmen are only interested in the aspect of their functions, which will attract revenue to them while they conveniently ignore the responsibilities stipulated under the Fourth Schedule. They have the following duties to perform: Registration of birth, death, and marriage certificates (take a look at your birth certificate, now you understand,... Construction and maintenance of roads, street drains, parks, open spaces, and other public highways. The Council comprises of a Chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA, and other elected members who are referred to as Councillors. Therefore, they are saddled with a … 3.1 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT Nigeria has experimented with different systems of local government since the amalgamation of the northern and southern parts of the country in 1914. Autonomy of local government therefore implies that since the local government is identified as an independent third tier of government in a country, its capacity to perform efficiently depends on the level of independence and freedom it enjoys. In order to achieve this, agencies such as the police, the armed … The Local Government Service Commission has been empowered to handle staff matters particularly those in senior category while the State Assembly has oversight functions on its Lagos State Official Gazette No. The federal government of Nigeria is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the Constitution of Nigeria in the National Assembly, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court, respectively. Other tiers are states and federal government. 1. The Constitution has delegated to the Senate the authority to produce and establish laws for the harmony, peacefulness and sound management of Nigeria. THE ROLE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA . In all, there are 774 local governments in Nigeria including the four area councils in Abuja. Generally the local governments are the creations of the regional governments which devolve powers, functions and authorities on them. The duties of local government authorities is to foster grassroot support and partcipitation in the system of governance. Introduction Collection of fine and rates, taxes and rents. Environmental factors play an important role in health and disease. The genesis of local government administration in Nigeria dates back to pre-colonial period. Nigerian politics takes place within a framewor It was from then we have Local Government as a third tier level of Government with a clear call charge to develop the local areas in Nigeria (Agbakoba, 2004). 7, Vol. Any such direct federal-local relations must also protect the authority and autonomy of the regional governments. Maintenance of Law and Order This is one of the core functions of the federal government of Nigeria. Functions Of Government. The 1976 reform created large sized local government … The functions of the government at the local level were usurped by the state government until 1988, when the federal government decided to fund local government organizations directly and allowed them for the first time to function effectively. 1 The 1999 Constitution And The Roles Of Local Governments In Nigeria: Hitches And The Way Forward 1* Mu’azu Abdullahi Saulawa1, Ibrahim Danjuma2, Kabir Umar Musa3 & Haruna Muhammad Haruna4 1 Lecturer, Faculty of Law, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina State, Nigeria and Ph.D (Fellow) at Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, International Islamic University, Malaysia. In Nigeria, the duties and functions of the different arms or tiers of government are provided for in the Constitution. Participation by the citizens-in-governance is one of the underlying precepts of democracy and the modern notion of government. CHAPTER ONE. 1. The main functions of this arm of government are: Lawmaking; approves the annual budget; approval to nominees of chief executive; Carries … There are 774 local government areas across 36 states of the federation and Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja. Local government serves a two-fold purpose. Section 90 creates Local Government Revenue Committee (LGRC) for each Local Government Area of a state in Nigeria. their role in local government affairs, as the 1999 Constitutio n does not specify the functions of traditional authorities. (November 2015) Nigeria has 774 local government areas (L.G.As). Some of these functions are performed exclusively by the Local Government like the maintenance of cemeteries, markets and motor parks. Local government in Nigeria could have been said to have started when politicians assumed leadership role of regional legislators under colonial reforms. Among the functions of local […] The government of a state owe allegiance to the state itself and its citizens as well. 34 of March 2001 states the ministerial responsibilities of the Ministry of Local Government and Chieftaincy Affairs as follow: THE AIMS OF THE MINSTRY – To define the broad principles of governance at the Local Government level. Autonomy implies freedom and independence. The Department of Housing, Planning and Local Government oversees the operation of the local government system, providing the policy framework within which local authorities work and deliver services to the communities that they represent and serve. The 1976 reform established a uniform system of local government as regards their functions, structure, and financing nationwide. As provided for in the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Local Governments have functions and responsibilities assigned. The functions of Local Governments are clearly spelt out in the Nigerian Constitution and include: Collection of taxes and fees from organizations and companies Establishment and maintenance of cemeteries, burial grounds, and homes for the destitute or sick. 2.3 Functions of Local Government Councils: The functions of the Local Government are expressively provided for in fourth Schedule of the 1999 Federal The Senate also possesses sufficient overlooking fun… In Nigeria, the Local Government is the last tier of government. Functions of the Executive The Executive arm of government performs the following functions. The Chairman is normally elected, but can, under special circumstances, also be appointed. Functions of a Local Government In Nigeria Under the fourth schedule of Nigeria’s constitution, the main functions of a local government council in Nigeria include: consideration and the making of a recommendation to the state commission on economic planning, or any other similar body on the economic development of the state as they affect the local government; If a government fails to do its functions in a state, the citizens can request for the replacement of such government in as much Democracy is in practice. Project and Seminar Material for Business Administration and Management BAM. It is imperative that law and order are maintained in any country for the country to function. INTRODUCTION . Below are the duties or functions of government in a state. The Executive maintains law and order in the country. Nigeria has 774 local government areas. Government of 1976. Nigeria has 774 local government areas (LGAs). Law Making 2. Local Government Audit And Its Effect On Council’s Account Get research topics and ideas with materials. Each local government area is administered by a Local Government Council consisting of a chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA, and other elected members Economic recommendations to the State; Collection of taxes and fees; Establishment and maintenance of cemeteries, burial grounds and homes for the destitute or infirm; […] The functions of Local Governments, as spelt out in the Constitution, are as follows: a. On the other hand, some other functions and responsibilities are performed concurrently with the State Government. There are 774 local government areas (LGAs) in the country. The collection of fines, rates and rents is also one of … WikiProject Nigeria may be able to help recruit an expert. One of the major reasons for the creation of local government in Nigeria is to bring governance closer to the people. 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