INTRODUCTION The primary purpose of teaching at any level of education is to bring a fundamental change in the learner (Tebabal & Kahssay, 2011). In addition to teaching their subjects, real issues American educators face on a routine basis include providing emotional and even nutritional support to their students. This term was popularized by Alex Faickney Osborn in 1983 in his book Applied Imagination. Importance of Teaching aids Teaching aids play an very important role in Teaching- Learning process. The activity method is a technique adopted by a teacher to emphasize his/her method of teaching through activity in which the students participate rigorously and bring about efficient learning experiences. Given by Bacon, usually called the scientific method. This particular methodology empowers students to take responsibility for their own learning and therefore fosters the possibility of ‘deeper’ learning across a range of different areas. Equipping the prospective teachers with necessary pedagogic skills: The main objective of teacher … Personalized Learning. Keeping in mind the purpose for using a specific skill or technique will help teachers implement it in a more meaningful way. The methods of teaching are the liaison between the teacher and educational curriculum, where the teacher presents the curriculum effectively and in an active manner that acquires students the skills and information, and teaching methods are multiple without a specific way used for teaching." In the early 20th century William Heard Kilpatric develop the project method. This approach has a number of positive and negative repercussions when implemented within the classroom. Don’t omit this point in your essay as well. The method of teaching is based on the developmental characteristic of the students. Get on our mailing list. It is used for the fact and concepts related to the subject of social sciences. It is based on the psychological principle of trial and error. 1- Storytelling Method In this method, the teacher tells the stories depicting light on the lives of the great man, scientist, social reformer, saints and rulers. In addition to supporting learning more generally, learning materials … She wanted to break the teacher-centered locksteps teaching. When deciding which methods to use in teaching, it is important to remember that methods and skills are only means to an end, not an end in and of themselves. The defining characteristic of the ‘individual progression’ methodology is that “learners with varying degrees of knowledge and skill can participate in the same task by selecting a level of difficulty at which they can perform”. American students need their individual cultural background to be valued and they need to understand the world around them. Direct Method – discovering the importance of speaking 3. In this method, students through cooperating with each other, share the learning experience and they can improve many of their skills and abilities (Jacbs, Barbara Ott & Yvonne Ulrich, 1997). ), Visual Method (Textbook method, demonstration method, etc. Methods of Motivational Teaching 2 Abstract As teachers, we want to motivate our students to learn during a unit and to continue learning about the topic after the unit ends. So this study aiming to effect collaborative learning on students’ disposition to critical thinking in high school. He asks questions several times in the middle. Within this section a variety of teaching methodologies will be explored and their various advantages and disadvantages outlined. School helps children to become a good citizen and human being. Be the first to know about new content and opportunities. In this method, the teacher demonstrates all the activities given in the lesson before his students and explain the difficult points in the middle through the lecture. A reflective teacher is an effective teacher. Personalized Learning. The theory of multiple intelligences, developed by Howard Gardner, posits … Students may not take the ability grouping seriously or may overestimate their ability in a particular area. Individuals need to be provided with opportunities to refine their skills, techniques and knowledge within a safe and non-threatening environment. It is important that teachers learn to use a variety of teaching methodologies in order to cater for the range of learning needs and requirements that are present within most class environments. Teachers have undergone a Kafkaesque metamorphosis from Mr Chips to Mr Jobs; wooden, flip-lid desks have been replaced by iPads. In the learning/teaching process, explanation is a tool used by both, teacher and students… The defining characteristic of the command style is ‘precision performance – reproducing a predicted response or performance on cue’. Most teachers get their first education training at college by … Facilitate learning for students in a classroom encouraging active learning, 2. Concrete Sequential learners need structured, practical activities. This method can be very satisfying for the teacher as individuals are more likely to experience success and the lessons are easy to control. No student input into lesson and therefore may fail to foster ‘deeper learning’. TEACHING METHODS. This work is generally done by pupils and the teacher observes them while they doing. These stories are directly or indirectly related to the lesson too. In an article titled "Teacher Reflection In a Hall of Mirrors: Historical Influences and Political Reverberations," researcher Lynn Fendler states that teachers are reflective by nature as they continuously make adjustments in instruction. This particular methodology is therefore “a design of subject matter manipulated in such a manner as to provide the learner with full opportunity for self motivated learning, self-assessment, and decision making over a relatively prolonged period of time”. The lecture of the teacher is so systematic and attractive that the whole lesson becomes clear to pupils on time. Cross over Teaching. Such approaches often fail to foster ‘deeper’ learning, as students will often find such approaches uninspiring and therefore reproduce movements only to avoid reprimand. This method is useful for science subjects. Learning tools or games help students develop new knowledge. The story also increases the vocabulary and thinking of the power of the students. Encouraging Online Tests. Pupils, on the other end, can only listen to lectures and get instructions from their teachers. This study is quasi-experimental design of pre-test and post-test. 3) Discouragement of Cramming There may be feelings of inferiority by students in the lower group, causing concern as ‘students that feel their abilities are inferior to those of their classmates and therefore will not achieve success; nor will they be motivated towards accomplishment’. Such feedback can improve student motivation either through positive reinforcement or through the improvement gained as a result of technique development. This article is intended for teachers who recognize the importance of multicultural education and want to implement more multicultural ideas into their classroom curriculum. There are many different ways that teachers can include reflection to satisfy evaluation programs and enhance their professional development, but the best method may be one where the teacher reflects frequently. These are the 24 important types of method for a teacher. In this method, pupils ask to play the role of some character. The development of leadership quality is one of the main objectives of this method. Develop mutual cooperation among students, 3. Group action is needed here to complete the project. The activities of students are more difficult to supervise and therefore distractions are more likely. even the best, pedagogical method available to college teachers. There are different classroom strategies. This method has the greatest potential to build self-esteem and therefore increase student enjoyment. Importance of Teaching aids are as follows :-1) Motivation Teaching aids motivate the students so that they can learn better. Provision of recognition and effort reinforcement is a strategy that enables students to understand … 1. Drill work increases the confidence of the students. Modern teachers have to not only explain a topic and provide the knowledge to students and mentor them, but also to: 1. The method of teaching is which approaches most likely to the method of investigation. Facilitate learning for students in a classroom encouraging active learning, 2. Portfolios of student work and nationally-normed assessments are used periodically to monitor student growth. The purposes of these stories are to motivate the students and develop in the same quality which these men had. Each teaching method is based on a particular vision of understanding the language or the learning process, often using specific techniques and materials used in a set sequence.The main methodologies are listed below in the chronological order of their development: 1. A teacher provides an appropriate activity for children. Students' concentration levels increased through this method. Within this section a variety of teaching methodologies will be explored and their various advantages and disadvantages outlined. This particular style of teaching allows students to challenge their own knowledge and skill levels and therefore set their own goals with regard to their future development. Teacher's correct perception of teaching methods has a key role in students’ disposition to critical thinking. Students complete the project by working in a group and acquires practical knowledge. The textbook develops the understanding ability of pupils, they can understand other subjects also without taking anybody's help. A teaching method comprises the principles and methods used by teachers to enable student learning.These strategies are determined partly on subject matter to be taught and partly by the nature of the learner. There is a greater possibility that students will be distracted from the task when compared with the command style of teaching. The Greek philosopher Socrates is the exponent of this method. Discussion Method emphasises pupil-activity in the form of discussion, rather than simply telling and lecturing by the teacher. It depends on the teacher to implement one of these teaching methods according to the need and environment of the classroom. Grammar Translation – the classical method 2. Teaching materials can refer to a number of teacher resources; however, the term usually refers to concrete examples, such as worksheets or manipulatives. Today, the educational process differs from that existing several decades ago. Importance of Teaching aids Teaching aids play an very important role in Teaching- Learning process. Among the causes of this poor performance is the teachers’ method of teaching (Wanbugu, Changeiywo and Ndritu, 2013); Oladejo, Olosunde, Ojebisi and Isola, 2011). Students who are experienced in a given area and therefore already competent are not required to complete activities at the same level as beginners. Give prompt feedback to guide stude… Audio-lingualism – the first modern methodol… Helpful in the various topic in history also. Today, the educational process differs from that existing several decades ago. Command style of teaching occurs when ‘the teacher makes the maximum number of choices, while the learner makes only minimal decisions’. Differentiation of Instruction. The students acquire knowledge by discovering the facts himself in this method. Through this method, the thinking power of the students improve. Effective Instructional Strategies Chapter 8: Using Integrated Teaching Methods New Directions • Teacher’s Task in the Classroom is to Deliver Instruction. Develop mutual cooperation among students, 3. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Multiple Intelligences. Methods are important in teaching because they have been proven to work. The ‘individual progression’ methodology allows students to participate within activities regardless of their individual skill levels, understanding and levels of motivation. Will increase discipline and is therefore useful within classes where this is an issue. Use our classwork notes and past questions to prepare and pass Waec, Jamb and Neco once. In the student-centered classroom, teaching and assessment are connected because student learning i… 2) Clarification Through teaching aids , the teacher clarify the subject matter more easily. This course provides participants with an overview of the trending innovative teaching methods and strategies as well as a cooperative, inspirational and stimulating space where to experiment and practice new tools, strategies and approaches. In this method, the teacher read out the book in the class loudly and explain the important point. Sources mean a person, books or document. If it isn't going to aid teaching … Training students on subjects by conducting fun online tests from time to … The American teacher Helen Parkhurst developed at the beginning of the 20th century the Dalton plan to reform the current pedagogic and usual manner of classroom management. This is possible only by ethical education, so teaching ethics in school is important. They criticize each other by their own logic. Teacher contact time may not be divided equally as individuals with poorer skill and knowledge levels often require greater levels of feedback from the teacher whereas individuals of advanced skill and knowledge levels often require more extension activities. Combining small pieces into one large form in such a way some new conclusion can be drawn. While teachers are still an authority figure in a student-centered teaching model, teachers and students play an equally active role in the learning process. 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