As you might expect both of these chemicals are affected by variations in water chemistry. DIRECTIONS FOR USE. Malachite Green Malachite Green is a synthetic dye used to color paper and fabric. Both can be ‘bound out’ of the system by high dissolved and particulate organics such as fish waste, detritus and algae. Commonly used to treat: Ich (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis) Velvet (Gold Dust Disease) Saproleniasis (Cotton Wool Disease) Trichondiniasis Fungal Issues Protozoan Caused Diseases Contains: water, formaldehyde (<5%), methanol (<2%), malachite green chloride (<0.1%) Dosing Instructions: Add 1 teaspoon (~5mL) for every ten gallons. Malachite green acts as a respiratory poison, damaging the cell’s ability produce energy to drive vital metabolic processes. It should not be used if a white precipitate of paraformaldehyde forms in the container. Dosage produces concentration of 0.5 mg/L of malachite green and 15 mg/L of formalia ~5.55 mg/L of Formaldehyde. Use Ich-X® to treat conditions related to ich and ich related disease. Malachite Green. Two commonly used mixtures are: See the fish disease section for more details about specific parasites or diseases, ppm = mg/litre            i.e. You will need (100 ppm x 500 l) ÷ 1000 = 50 g copper sulphate. Malachite Green is also effective against common external fungal infections of fishes and eggs which include Achlya and Saprolegnia. Malachite Green can be combined with Formalin or Acriflavin. If swallowed, seek medical attention immediately and take product label with you. They exert a mild anti-bacterial effect and in most circumstances will not destroy biological filtration bacteria, although they may ‘knock the filter back’ for a short while. Use Ich-X® to treat conditions related to ich and ich related disease. (3) make at least 1/3 water change before each addition of Ich-X® (use Ultimate® or a combination of Stress-X® and ClorAm-X® to condition new water). So in alkaline water it may seem that it has disappeared, but it is still present, but invisible! Use 1/2 the amount or less for sensitive fish including Tetras, scaleless or bottom fish. Malachite Green and Formalin are one of the main cornerstones of fish disease treatments having been used for many years against a range of parasites. They can be used together or separately as anti-parasite treatments against as Gyrodactylus  (skin flukes), Dactylogyrus  (gill flukes), Ichthyobodo  (Costia), Trichodina , Chilodonella and Ichthyophthirius (white spot). Download the Aquarium Solutions Product Data Sheet (PDF), Download the Pond Solutions Product Data Sheet (PDF). Care should be taken to avoid over-dosing as this can result in fatalities and will not speed healing. filter feeders); use caution and observe carefully when treating aquariums with invertebrates. Weaker mixture: 3.3 grams malachite green dissolved in one litre of formalin: This is used at a rate of 0.015 mls per litre of pond water as a prolonged immersion for general pond use. This is likely because it contains less malachite green than other Ich cures. This is expected to control the ich by the end of three days, from my past experience. Dose: Add 1 capful of Pond Rid-Ich Plus per 8 gallons (30.24 liters), or 1 2/3 fluid ounces (165 mL) for every 100 gallons of water to be treated - this produces a concentration of 0.05 mg/L malachite green and 15 mg/L formalin. Be sure to read reviews on the use of particular medications on loaches. Do not use with sulfinate-, or sulfoxylate-base water conditioners. For aquarium use only. This is usually mixed as a stock solution that will then keep indefinitely. Use 1 teaspoon (approximately 5 ml) per 10 gallons of water for most treatments. NOT FOR HUMAN MEDICAL, VETERINARY OR FOOD USE. After exactly 2 hours, refill the pond as fast as possible to … (473mL) - #73216 (Treats 960 gallons ~ 3,633L), 1 Gal (3.78L) - #73338 (Treats 38,400 gallons ~ 145,356L), 1 Gal (3.78L) - #73218 (Treats 7,680 gallons ~ 29,071L), Contains a safer, more effective form of Malachite Green, Treats protozoan-caused disease conditions. ich, etc.) Repeat the full dosage as needed. WARNING: DO NOT ALLOW TO FREEZE – If you find green crystals under the seal of the bottle when opening or noticeable clumps in the material when poured out, the product has been frozen and should not be used. All in all, I am just warning about the use of malachite green on loaches. This compound rids the fish of all fungal infections. Wear gloves and goggles when handling malachite green or formalin. rock, decorations or other things which are displacing water. Please also deduct the amount of space consumed by substrate (gravel, sand, etc.) Bath: 0.15 to 0.25 mls per litre for up to 60 minutes. For Best Results: (1) always treat in a separate quarantine/treatment tank, (2) remove activated carbon from filters and clean or replace mechanical filtration media (do not stop filtration!) and external fungal/bacterial/viral lesions (e.g., fin rot). Do not induce vomiting or give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. NovAqua+® and AmQuel+® are … Dosage produces concentration of 0.5 mg/L of malachite green and 15 mg/L of formalia ~5.55 mg/L of Formaldehyde. Neither of these “medications” have Malachite Green or Formalin, or else it would be on the label. When using to treat against Ichthyophthirius (white spot or Ich) then it is important to keep the system running in order to destroy all stages of the parasite’s life cycle. It is important to realise that in most cases, fungal infections of fish are secondary infections and unless the primary infection – quite often bacterial – is resolved then anti-fungal treatments such as malachite are unlikely to be successful. I gave the problem fish a slightly stronger dip. Formalin is more toxic in soft, acidic water and also removes oxygen from water  so vigorous aeration most be applied. DO NOT INCREASE DOSAGE. DO NOT OVERDOSE - this means you should calculate the actual amount of water in your tank by multiplying the length x width x height and dividing by 238 to get the true gallons. ParaGuard™ employs a proprietary, synergistic blend of aldehydes, malachite green, and fish protective polymers that effectively and efficiently eradicates many ectoparasites (e.g. The dynamic duo of MG&F is the treatment of choice against white spot (Ich). In Discussion by ParrotCichlidGirl January 19, 2010 6 Comments I’m quite new to fish having Ich, I have a ten gallon tank and applied the prescribed amount and he seemed fine for 24 hours. I have found a mixed result with Trichodina and flukes sometimes a total success, but in other cases not so good. Another choice is to medicate your betta. Using this stock solution. A dose of 0.05 milligrams malachite green per liter water is generally considered safe when used for three successive treatments (one every other day) but calculating it can be a bit tricky since different bottles contain different concentrations of malachite green. Although Rid-Ich also contains malachite green, they use a different, less toxic malachite salt and it has been used by many on loaches with great success. Generic Name: malachite green Dosage Form: FOR ANIMAL USE ONLY. Paraformaldehyde is extremely toxic to fish. A popular stock solution uses 20 grams malachite per litre of distilled water. If your normal water conditioner does not list the ingredients please verify with the maker that it does not contain these ingredients. Formalin is a powerful disinfectant used to kill microorganisms or as a preservative for biological specimens. Note from Dr Johnson on Hikari Ich-X The pond strength is perfect for dosing 1cc per 10 gallons of water to be treated. The Ich Attack was either working to an extent, or some of the cysts burst faster from the temp because a few fish had less spots but still had a decent amount. If you plan on medicating your betta you should use medication that has either methylene blue or malachite green in it. However, it is still advisable to turn off or by-pass the filter system for a few hours if possible and as with any treatment always turn off any UV lamps. If the problem persists after initial treatment, skip one day and treat again for another 3 days. In case of contact, immediately flush skin or eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes; for eyes, get immediate medical attention. It is likely that malachite green will be banned in the near future, Malachite green is reported to be toxic to tetras, catfish and loaches and small marine fish, Formalin should be stored in the dark and above 4. Formalin, Malachite Green Warnings Do not use on: Baby Whales, Elephant Nose, Shrimps, Snails, Living Rock, or Invertebrates. This gives 20 mg malachite per ml of stock solution. ich, etc.) It has been used in fresh, marine, brackish, and pond applications due to its anti-protozoal and antimicrobial properties. Larger water change improves performance; and (4) repeat treatments at least every 24 hours, but no more than every 8 hours, depending upon the course of the disease (refer to the Product Data Sheets linked below). Malachite green penetrates deeply into fish body tissues and may have a use against Proliferative Kidney Disease (PKD) in salmonids. Keep out of reach of children. What you do know is the Ich parasite will certainly kill, and every hour you delayed increased the time it feeds on its victims. Quarantine would have been the key here, with such a complex dirted tank with inverts. Kusuri Malachite can be used on its own with salt as a bath treatment. Use for 3 consecutive days. Malachite green is a respiratory poison and damages the cell metabolism. Both are potentially dangerous. Your trough contains 500 l water. This equates to 0.015 mls/litre formalin and 0.05 mg/litre malachite green Malachite green works, as does methelyne blue (a bit less well). (118mL) - #73214 (Treats 240 gallons ~ 908L), 16 oz. Malachite and formalin mixture (Leteux-Meyer mixture) Used against protozoan and metazoan parasites. For Pond: To treat "ich" disease (icthyophthiriasis) of pond and freshwater fishes, add one (1) teaspoonful (~5 mL) of Pond Solution® Ich-X® to 50 gallons (189 L) of Pond or aquarium water. 5 ppm = 5 mg / litre, mg / litre  x 3.785 = mg / gall (US)           i.e  5 mg / litre = 18.9 mg / gall (US), mg/ litre x 4.546 = mg / gall (UK)            i.e  5 mg / litre = 22.7 mg / gall (UK), To convert imperial gallons to US gallons multiply by 1.2, TOPICAL TREATMENTS OF BACTERIAL INFECTIONS. CONTRAINDICATIONS Aquarium Solutions® Ich-X® is similar to other, weaker, formulations of malachite green and formalin; accidental or NOTE: We do not recommend using any sulfur or sulfinite-based water conditioners with this product. History The use of Malachite Green started in 1877 as a dye for paper, leather, and fabrics. Do not use Ich-X® with any other medications. Malachite is a soluable copper carbonate. Mahalo nui loa, and keep your loaches happy! I aborted the attempt to prove salt treatment right or wrong at their expense, and began adding 0.75% malachite green at the rate of 15 drops per 60 gallons, morning and evening. Malachite green is prepared by the condensation of benzaldehyde and dimethylaniline to give leuco malachite green (LMG): C 6 H 5 CHO + 2 C 6 H 5 N(CH 3 ) 2 → C 6 H 5 CH(C 6 H 4 N(CH 3 ) 2 ) 2 + H 2 O During prolonged treatments, especially when the filter has not been isolated, it is important to test for ammonia and nitrite on a daily basis in case the filter has been affected. Another reason many fish keepers choose ParaGuard over Ich-X is because they claim it … It seems likely that the stronger dosage is needed against these two parasites and a follow up examination to assess the success of the treatment. Case: Bacterial ulcer a very typical case, White-spot, Argulus & Chilodonella in koi pond the problem with guessing, Fish disease treatments are often the main threat. The relatively long active life of this treatment, together with the low filter toxicity makes it ideal for tackling the complex life cycle of this protozoan parasite. Treats 500 gallons (1900 liters) Ich-X® utilizes the most widely respected formulation for the treatment of ich, using a less toxic form of malachite green, which makes it less taxing on biological action and safe for scaleless and sensitive fish like Corydoras. Malachite green will kill shrimp and riccia, so all plants are not safe. If you notice any rotten egg smell to the product, it likely does have these ingredients and should be avoided as it could cause the product to be less effective and the dissolved oxygen levels to be negatively impacted. For Pond: Water, Formaldehyde (<22%), Methanol (<7.5%), Malachite Green Chloride (<0.2%). It works by reacting with cell proteins and nucleic acids – altering both structure and function. ParaGuard™ employs a proprietary, synergistic blend of aldehydes, malachite green, and fish protective polymers that effectively and efficiently eradicates many ectoparasites (e.g. Do not inhale the fumes of formalin and always handle in a well-ventilated area. DOSAGE: Aquarium Solutions® Ich-X® is dosed at a rate of one teaspoonful (=~5 mL) per 10 gallons of water. I did a 30% change and treated Rid Ich + at 50% yesterday (it is malachite green and formalin). Prolonged immersion:0.1- 0.25 mg malachite per litre: Medicated / antibiotic treated food to treat bacterial disease, Overview of pond and aquaria biological filtration a vital process at the heart of fish keeping. I gave the tank a half dose of Weco Nox-ich which is malachite green and salt. The medicine I use is Rid Ich Plus. For Pond: Water, Formaldehyde (<22%), Methanol (<7.5%), Malachite Green Chloride (<0.2%). Because We Care: Ich-X® has been developed to offer assistance to aquarium or pond keepers who are encountering problems with ich or fungal issues who have tried other treatments unsuccessfully. There are several variations. Formalin is extremely irritation to gills and should not be used where there may be existing gill damage or where skin ulcers are present. When frozen the active ingredient can become lethal to fish. While Seachem ParaGuard does contain malachite green, when used at the suggested dose, staining should not occur. It’s tailored specifically for treating ich in aquariums so it won’t be as potent as pure malachite green. Mixing Kusuri Malachite with Kusuri Formalin is effective at treating most other microscopic parasites. (473mL) - #73336 (Treats 4,800 gallons ~ 18,169L), 16 oz. The initial strong green coloured for prevails at low pH (acidic), while in alkaline water it is converted to a colourless carbinol form. Ich-X® may permanently stain silicone tanks and sealants, rocks, concrete, plastic objects, clothing, laminate counter tops, floors, furniture and carpeting. Download the Aquarium Solutions Safety Data Sheet (PDF), Download the Pond Solutions Safety Data Sheet (PDF), "Making Species Specific Diets for Decades! You … This produces a concentration of 0.05 ppm (see Toxicity and Suggested Treatment Procedures for qualifying information). A zinc-free grade must be used. The standard treatment is once every 24 hours. and external fungal/bacterial/viral lesions (e.g., fin rot). Malachite green is also more toxic at low pH as well as high temperatures. Certain countries have banned its use in aquaculture due to its high toxicity and classification as a human carcinogen. A great update for this article is knowing that Rid Ich states it has Malachite Green AND Formalin. 12 hours later I changed 3/4 the water & … But the prevention ship has sailed, and all treatments have risks. For Aquarium: Water, Formaldehyde (<5%), Methanol (<2%), Malachite Green Chloride (<0.1%) It killed the worms, the shrimp and the riccia. At this concentration, 4 ounces of Malachite Green will treat 240 gallons of water. Disclaimer: This drug has not been found by FDA to be safe and effective, and this labeling has not been approved by FDA. Malachite green has two forms depending on pH. It also has a high success rate with Costia  and Chilodonella and would, in most circumstances be my first choice. Directions: Add one drop per gallon of water for control of external parasitic diseases including Ich and Velvet. This dosage equates to 0.025 ml/litre formalin and 0.1 mg. /litre of malachite green. One (1) ounce (29 mL) treats 300 gallons (1,135 L). Here are few recommended products containing Malachite Green: AAP Super Ich Plus A very effective combination of Malachite Green and Quinine Hydrochloride. FOR AQUARIUM OR POND USE ONLY. Recommended dosage is 100 ppm copper sulphate. ", 4 oz. Friday, March 15th: Spots appear not to … This standard dosage produces a concentration of 15 ppm (= 15 mgL) formalin and 0.05 ppm of malachite green. Probably one of the strongest combinations, however this product is generally not safe malachite green sensitive fish Keep formalin away from light and cold. (d) When the concentration is given as a ratio,multiply this concentration by 1000 times the water volume (in l) to obtain the amount of chemical in ml or g. ; Bath: 1-2 mg malachite per litre water for 30 – 60 minutes. Rarely used by itself, the bath should contain 1-2 mg/l for 10 minutes, or 0.5 mg/l for up to 1 hour. Dosing Chart: 1 ml treats 18 gallons (68 liters) 1 teaspoon treats 90 gallons (340 liters) 1 capful treats 250 gallons (950 liters) 1 fluid oz. Formalin is a 37 – 40% aqueous solution of formaldehyde (which equals 100% formalin). This produces a nominal concentration of 0.05 mg/L of malachite green and 15 mg/L of formalin. Formalin: Used against protozoan and metazoan parasites. Please help, possible Malachite Green/ Formalin poisoning during treatment for Ich! Dosage produces concentration of 0.5 mg/L of malachite green and 15 mg/L of formalia ~5.55 mg/L of Formaldehyde. Each 5mg of formalin removes 1 mg of dissolved oxygen from the water. NOT FOR USE AS AN ECONOMIC POISON. The exact mixture of the stock solution varies depending on preference. Be extremely careful when handling. These chemicals can be used separately but are usually used together because they exert a synergistic effect; that is, together they give a greater effect than the sum of their separate individual capabilities. Use Ich-X ® to treat conditions related to ich and ich related disease. It is also useful for the treatment of fungal and protozoan infections of fish such as Ich. Immediate 50% or larger, water change (using Ultimate® or a combination of Stress-X® and ClorAm-X® to treat the replacement water) should be performed if stress is observed among any of the treated animals. Use Kusuri Malachite Green above 10c (50f) typical dosage 50 ml to 880 gallons. Ich-X® may be harmful to some invertebrates (e.g. 25% water changes are recommended before each dose. Drink 1 or 2 glasses of water or milk and induce vomiting by touching the back of the throat with finger, or, if available by administering syrup of ipecac. Uses: Treatment of fungal and bacterial diseases. For Aquarium: To treat "ich" disease (ichthyophthiriasis) of freshwater fishes and "marine ich" disease (cryptocaryonaisis) of marine fishes, add one (1) teaspoon (~5 mL) of Ich-X® to 10 gallons (38L) of aquarium water. DOSAGE: 1 teaspoon of a 0.038% solution per 10 gallons every other day for 10-14 days. Malachite green: Used against Saprolegnia (fungus), water moulds and protozoan parasites. Malachite is a respiratory poison as well as being a suspected carcinogen. DANGER: May be harmful or FATAL if swallowed! The main point is that whatever concentration is used it should be easy to calculated many mgs of malachite there are per ml of solution. Drain 50% of the water out of the pond and then add the Malachite Green & Formalin to the pond. May stain silicone sealant and aquarium decorations. Continue uninterrupted treatments for three (3) days after all visible signs of disease conditions cease. Measure out enough Malachite Green & Formalin to treat the whole pond at a dosage of 10 ml per 100 gallons. Malachite green has powerful anti-fungal properties and is used against Saprolegnia (fungus) either when present on fish or to as a prophylactic treatment to protect fish-eggs from infection. Goldfish killers but not what you would expect! Never treat before going to bed as this limits your ability to monitor progression of treatment or impact to the aquatic environment. Do not exceed recommended dosage. To prevent any misunderstandings, formaldehyde is a colourless, highly toxic gas. I had a worm infestation in some of my tanks for I took some infested plants and a few ghost shrimp and put them in a tanks with the recommended dosage of malachite green. If swallowed, call a physician or Poison Control Center. Or 1 drop of.50% solution per gallon every other day for 10- 14 days. The next day I gave another half dose of Nox-ich to the tank and the first dose of furazone. Use 10 drops per gallon, or 1 teaspoon (approximately 5 ml) per 10 gallons of water, or 4 ounces for 240 gallons of water. It's important to calculate the exact amount of water in your system (exclusive of substrate, rocks, decorations, filtration or other additions) to avoid an overdose. These two products are sold as “natural” and use some sort of tea tree bark, and it is stated on the label.
2020 malachite green dosage for ich