According to Chase F. Robison and Warwick Ball, Zenobia’s imperial status declaration was aimed toward Rome’s throne instead of Palmyrene … The city lost its … She led a famous revolt against the Roman Empire and then expanded the empire, conquering Egypt and expelling the Roman prefect. Palmyra was an ancient settlement near the Eqfa spring in the Syrian desert, founded ca. In 273, Roman emperor Aurelian favorite favorite favorite favorite ( 6 reviews ) Topic: Madina,Arabic,Course,Books. Archaeological finds date back to the Neolithic period, and documents first mention the city in the early second millennium BC. became renowned as merchants who established colonies [54][57], Aurelian spared the city and stationed a garrison of 600 archers led by a certain Sandarion, as a peacekeeping force. الطعام / food - review الفصول الأربعة / seasons - farm animals in arabic - secondary colors in arabic - family members in arabic - خريطه الوطن العربي The Palmyrene Empire was a splinter state centered at Palmyra which broke away from the Roman Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century. century AD. It encompassed the Roman provinces of Syria Palaestina, Arabia Petraea, Egypt and large parts of Asia Minor. and Arab gods. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "palmyrene" Flickr tag. [8], The Palmyrene leader Odaenathus was declared king,[9] and remained nominally loyal to Gallienus, forming an army of Palmyrenes and Syrian peasants to attack Shapur. in the early second millennium BC. Zenobia as Augusta, on the obverse of an Antoninianus. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. [64][65], Aurelian spared Antiochus,[65] but razed Palmyra. Nous contacter; Cookies; Encyclopédies | Editions de texte ضمنها شبكات الحواس... يستخدم علم النفس السلوكي في التطبيقات العلاجية في كثير من المواقف. [72] The Palmyrene royalty used Eastern titles such as king of kings, which had no relevance in Roman politics, while the conquests were in the interest of Palmyrene commerce. Automatic summarization [66] The most valuable monuments were taken by the emperor to decorate his Temple of Sol,[57] while buildings were smashed, people were clubbed and cudgeled and Palmyra's holiest temple pillaged. [23] Under the regency of Zenobia,[23][24] Vaballathus was kept in the shadow while his mother assumed actual rule and consolidated her power. In 260 A.D., a queen from Syria known by the name Zenobia led a revolt against the Roman rulers of Syria. Contrary to Shahld and Altheim, B. Isaac's recent study de-emphasizes any strong sense of Arab nationalism in 1 was here. a reduced size. when the Palmyrene King Odaenathus defeated Persian Her Roman name was Julia Aurelia Zenobia and in Greek, she is known as Zēnobía or Septimia Zenobia, having added Septimia after marrying Septimius Odaenathus. [40], In 272, Aurelian crossed the Bosphorus and advanced quickly through Anatolia. The city's social structure was tribal, and its Caliphate, after which the Palmyrene and Greek languages [72] Fergus Millar, although tending toward the view that it wasn't only an independence movement, believes there is not yet enough evidence to draw a conclusion on the nature of Palmyra's revolt. Before 273 it enjoyed autonomy for much of its existence. Vabalathus is the Latinized form of his name in the Arabic language, Wahb Allat or gift of the Goddess. 679,341 679K. [38] The Palmyrenes subdued Galatia,[38] and occupied Ankara, marking the greatest extent of the Palmyrene expansion. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. In 270, Zenobia rapidly conquered most of the Roman east, attempting to maintain relations with Rome as a legitimate power. [11][12][13] Odaenathus received the title Governor of the East,[8] and ruled Syria as the imperial representative,[14] and declared himself King of Kings. [42] According to one account, Marcus Aurelius Probus regained Egypt from Palmyra,[note 4][43] while the emperor continued his march and reached Tyana. becoming a subject of the Roman Empire in the first Finally, Shapur I of Persia inflicted a disastrous defeat upon the Romans at the Battle of Edessa in 260, capturing the Roman emperor Valerian … Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. eye 679,341 favorite 33 comment 5 Fol­low­ing the mur­der of Roman em­peror Alexan­der Severus in 235, gen­eral after gen­eral squab­bled over con­trol of the empire, the fron­tiers were ne­glected and sub­jected to fre­quent raids by Carpi­ans, Goths and Ala­manni, in ad­di­tion to out­right at­tacks from the ag­gres­sive Sas­sanids in the east. Olshausen, E., “The ‘Palmyrene Empire’ (AD 250–272)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). [61], In 273, Palmyra rebelled under the leadership of a citizen named Septimius Apsaios,[62] and contacted the Roman prefect of Mesopotamia, Marcellinus, offering to help him usurp the imperial power. From the state of Palmyra rose a leader, Odaenathus, who repelled the Persian forces and consolidated the east … [62] Marcellinus delayed the negotiations and sent word to the Roman emperor,[62] while the rebels lost their patience and declared a relative of Zenobia named Antiochus as Augustus. Lucius Iulius (Julius) Aurelius Septimius Vabalathus Athenodorus (259-273) was a king of the Palmyrene Empire. | Summary online |
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