We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. A fun fact about Cameroon is that it has so much rainfall … N = (A/a) * n where: N = the estimated total population size A = the total study area a = the area of the quadrat n = the number of organisms per quadrat Note: this formula can be used with one quardat or an average of all the quadrats as long as the area (a) matches the number of organisms/quadrat (n). Much of the area of present-day Cameroon was ruled by powerful chiefdoms before becoming a German colony in 1884 known as Kamerun. The 10 regions of Cameroon in alphabetical order are as follows: Adamaoua, Centre, East (Est), Far North (Extreme-Nord), Littoral, North (Nord), North-West (Nord-Ouest), West (Ouest), South (Sud), South-West (Sud-Ouest).   Most tax revenues are obtained from taxes on goods and services, chiefly the value-added tax, as well as direct taxes and import and export duties. Years of treatment plant upgrades and more stringent federal and state regulations have significantly reduced … There are three main linguistic groups: the Bantu-speaking peoples of the south, the Sudanic-speaking peoples of the north, and those who speak the Semi-Bantu languages, situated mainly in the west. The current list of plant species exceeds 7,800 (Onana 2011), but … Much of the area of present-day Cameroon was ruled by powerful chiefdoms before becoming a German colony in 1884 known as Kamerun. Civil servants are among those workers who are not permitted to strike; instead, they are expected to negotiate directly with the minister of labour and of the department in question. COVID-19 has brought daily routines to a screeching halt around the world. After World War I, the territory was divided between France and the UK as League of Nations mandates. These forests provide a source of livelihoods for communities and habitat for over 9,000 plant species, about 900 bird species, and roughly 320 mammals — including the critically endangered western lowland gorilla and the endangered chimpanzee. In the Anglophone regions, 800,000 children are out of school and one in three of the four million people are in need of aid. NOW 50% OFF! On August 21, 1986, the crater lake erupted carbon dioxide, killing over 1,800 people and 3,500 livestock within a 15.5-mile (25 km) radius. Building An Educational Support System An estimate of these costs are 5% of the total manufacturing cost (Turton et al., 2013). Cameroon has areas in the southwest of the region corresponding with the highland chain, with over 4,000 plant species per degree square, the highest diversity in tropical Africa, according to several studies. France remains a significant trading partner, although its role has somewhat diminished. It has changed the way we live,… See more ideas about plants, cameroon, planting flowers. Total number of people helped: 9,900. Trees for the Future’s collaborative, educational approach to… Cameroon - Cameroon - Manufacturing: The contribution of manufacturing to the economy grew strongly in the late 20th century, and in the early 2000s it accounted for almost one-fifth of the GDP. The majority of the workforce is employed in the agricultural sector. Cameroon is a Central African country located on the Gulf of Guinea with a great diversity of culture, landscapes, and wildlife. western highlanders (Semi-Bantu or grassfielders), including the Bamileke, Bamum (or Bamoun), and many smaller Tikar groups in the Northwest (est. Working with partners on the ground, Trees for the Future is helping thousands of Cameroonian farmers rebuild their land and biodiversity while reaping the nutritional and economic benefits. CDC Cameroon works closely with the Ministry of Health (MoH) and other partners to build capacity for surveillance and quality laboratory systems, and to strengthen public health programs in HIV/AIDS, TB/HIV, influenza, immunization, and injury prevention. The nation’s 14,748 wastewater treatment plants are the most basic and critical infrastructure systems for protecting public health and the environment. One of the main supply sources to satisfy such demand consists of natural populations in Cameroon [8]. The report provides for the first time baseline information on all vascular plants, including new plant discoveries and threats. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! • In 2003, WHO/UNAIDS estimated Cameroon’s total antiretroviral therapy need to be about 85 000 people, and the WHO “3 by 5” target was calculated to be 42 500 people (based on 50% of estimated need). British Cameroons (1916–61) and French Cameroun (1916–60). Explore our Humanity with Nature series to meet some human beings who are setting an example for restoring, protecting, and preserving nature. Cameroon is linked together with several other countries in central and western Africa in a monetary union with a common currency, the CFA franc, which was pegged to the euro in 2002. These figures are included to give an upper estimate for total number of recently extinct species on The IUCN Red List. decades [7]. The last significant electric system outage, which lasted eight hours, occurred last March and affected several of the country’s regions (the Far North, North, Littoral, Adamaoua, South and Centre regions). As a result of the economic crisis of the late 20th century, Cameroon’s banking system underwent large-scale restructuring, with a number of banks being merged, privatized, or liquidated. Spain and Portugal consume a large proportion of Cameroonian exports, and Nigeria is a significant source of import trade. Cameroon - Cameroon - Resources and power: Cameroon is endowed with abundant mineral wealth, but meaningful exploitation has been slow to materialize. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Major imports include machinery and transportation equipment and spare parts, fertilizers, cereals, fuel, and food products. There are large numbers of orchids and ferns. CDC established an office in Cameroon in 2002. Total number of trees to be planted: 8,700,000 Tombel is a town and commune in the Southwest Region of Cameroon, in the north of the Mungo Valley, in an area disputed with Ambazonia.The town is traditionally part of the Bakossi people's country, but now has a significant population of Bamileke people and others.. The approach used in this study builds on a previous national assessment in 1998 by incorporating factors that limit plant water-use, information from recent research and improved flow reduction models. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Some of the better known protected areas in Cameroon are Campo Ma’an National Park, Dja Reserve, Lobeké National Park, Waza National Park, and Korup National Park. The global demand for P. africana bark is estimated at 4000 t per year for a value of finished goods estimated at USD 220 million [6]. Trees for the Future is a registered 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization | Tax ID number: 52-1644869. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Cameroon - Cameroon - People: The country has been described as an “ethnic crossroads” because of its more than 200 different ethnic groups. Industrial-sector infrastructure includes the Edéa aluminum smelter, which smelts imported bauxite, and an oil refinery in Limbe. Historically, most trade was carried out with European countries, but trade with other markets—particularly Asia—increased in the 21st century. French Cameroon became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon. Silver Spring, MD (April 30, 2020) - Regenerative agroforestry nonprofit Trees for the… The Confederation of Cameroon Trade Unions is based in Yaoundé. The industry is chiefly centred on the processing of the country’s various agricultural commodities; significant focus is placed on sugar refining, cotton spinning, tobacco processing, and wood pulp production. These cookies do not store any personal information. By the early 2000s, commercial banks had proliferated. Read More, Trees for the Future Launches 20 New Projects Read More, The Great Recession brought two years of reduced charitable giving in the US The adverse impacts of alien plant invasions on water flows have been a prime motivation for South Africa’s Working for Water Programme. Modern estimates of the total diversity of land plants are now in the region of 400,000 known species (Nic Lughadha et al., 2016) with another 15% or so estimated to be still awaiting discovery (Joppa et al., 2011): of this total, vascular plants are estimated to represent 383,671 species while bryophytes represent 20,240 species (of which 12,754 are mosses (Crosby et al., 2000) and 7,486 are liverworts and hornworts (Söderström et al. The Republic of Cameroon is located in central Africa and has an ever growing population of … Number of petals: 5; Time of blooming: November to February; Purpose: Medicinal, Timber; The national floral symbol of Cameroon, Prunus Africana, is a large, straight, evergreen tree that often grows to around 20 meters in height and occasionally with buttressed roots. Taxes vary by location, but a first estimate of property taxes and liability insurance is 3% of the fixed capital investment (Turton et al., 2013). CFC #10715. Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Cameroon, including service trade data, and tariffs.In 2018 Cameroon was the number 97 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 116 in total exports, the number 128 in total imports, and the number 118 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). Cameroon is divided into 10 semi-autonomous regions that are subdivided into 58 divisions. Cameroon to move to double digit annual growth rates over the 2014–2020 period, compared to the 4.8 to 5.4 percent projected by the World Bank. In 2005, WHO/UNAIDS estimated that the number of people needing treatment in Cameroon had risen to 108 000. The vast majority of tourists visiting Cameroon arrive from France. Taxes and Insurance. This calculator computes the number of plants which will cover a given area, with a given distance between plants. Number of projects: 6. Jan 13, 2016 - Explore Oleg's board "Cameroon plants" on Pinterest. By mid-1997 the commercial banking sector was profitable, and in that same year two new commercial banks were opened. Training 8,000+ Farmers, Planting Millions of Trees These divisions are then divided into arrondissements and finally districts. The number rises to 100,939,140 viruses if we include the 1,740,330 known species of vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, lichens, mushrooms, and brown algae. It is located in southwestern Cameroon in the coastal zone close to the Nigerian border.. If we assume that the 62,305 known vertebrate species each harbor 58 viruses, the number of unknown viruses rises to 3,613,690 – over three times more than Dr. Morse’s estimate. The contribution of manufacturing to the economy grew strongly in the late 20th century, and in the early 2000s it accounted for almost one-fifth of the GDP. … number of plants calculator NOTICE: While the information generated from this site is believed to be accurate, any actions taken based upon the results are the sole responsibility of the user. It’s one of the wettest places in the world. Some decisions taken through arbitration fail to find implementation, however, and the government has been known to ignore or overturn unfavourable decisions. For many years, Cameroon’s national electricity supply has been notoriously unreliable and subject to power cuts. Read More, Teaching a Man to Fish: How Trees for the Future Trains Farmers for Sustainable Change Read More, Humans and nature are intrinsically linked. Cameroon has good tourism potential because of its varied natural assets and rich cultural heritage, but the industry is quite limited. Others include oil palm products, tea, rubber, peanuts (groundnuts), and fresh vegetables, as well as factory products such as textiles, plastics, beverages, and confectionery. Lake Nyos in Cameroon holds the world record for the highest number of non-drowning deaths of any lake in the world. Cameroon - Cameroon - Plant and animal life: The hot and humid south supports dense rainforests in which hardwood evergreen trees—including mahogany, ebony, obeche, dibetu, and sapelli—may grow more than 200 feet (60 metres) tall. In 2003 a stock exchange was opened in Douala, although for several years no companies were listed. Cameroon is beset with two violent conflicts. All have suffered from illegal incursions in recent years. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Employers’ associations include chambers of commerce in Douala and Yaoundé and associations for those engaged in fields such as industry, the import-export trade, and forestry. Destructive farming practices in Cameroon have had a negative impact on the country’s burgeoning biodiversity, and the significant stock of forestry trees has fueled dramatic deforestation. We use cookies on our website to personalize your experience and improve our efforts. Contributions to Trees for the Future are tax-deductible to the extent permitted by law. … Tax-based revenue is a significant source of governmental income. Mangroves grow along the coasts and at the mouths of rivers. 2016)); of vascular plants… Large amounts of kyanite (an aluminum silicate) and bauxite are deposited at Minim-Martap and Ngaoundéré on the Adamawa Plateau, and Cameroon’s cobalt deposits are significant enough to make it a major world producer. Number of potentially habitable planets in our galaxy: Tens of billions A new statistical analysis allows astronomers to more rapidly assess planethood.   Major exports include crude oil, timber, cocoa, aluminum, cotton, bananas, and coffee. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. China is one of the country’s largest trading partners for both imports and exports. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. ... from hydroelectric plants: 47% of total installed capacity (2017 est.) The first, between the government and separatists from the English-speaking minority, has killed over 3,000 people and displaced 600,000. Plant Overhead Cameroon - Cameroon - Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: Although the growth of the petroleum industry since 1980 has resulted in a gradual decline in the importance of agriculture, forestry, and fishing to the gross domestic product (GDP), the sector continues to play a notable role in the economy. The government has been a major participant in the industrial sector, mainly through the Société National d’Investissement, although its role was significantly reduced as privatization programs began to gain pace in the 1990s. 38% of total population); Its 22 million hectares of tropical forests are a vital part of the Congo Basin forest ecosystem. By calculating Fisher’s alpha (16) at the pantropical scale and combining this value with the estimated potential number of stems present within 500 km of each location, we arrive at a minimum number of tropical tree species of at least ∼40,000 and possibly more than ∼53,000 (Table 1), i.e., at the high end of current total estimates of 37,000 (7), 43,000 (8) and 50,000 (6), which are based on expert opinion. The demographic profile of Cameroon is complex for a country of its population.Cameroon comprises an estimated 250 distinct ethnic groups, which may be formed into five large regional-cultural divisions: . Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Workers’ right to form trade unions, which is recognized by law, is subject to a number of government restrictions. By continuing, you agree to the terms of our. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Eric Berger - May 11, 2016 1:43 am UTC The country has some 936 species of birds, 211 mammals, 322 reptiles, 192 amphibians, and 8,260 species of plants. This calls for renewed attention to the sources of growth in Cameroon to identify policy areas that can help “mus-ter all our energy to champion this cause and sum- Read More. Africa produces more than 70% of the world’s cocoa, but the farmers at the core of the $100 billion+ industry are barely making enough money to survive. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The highest mountain the country is the Mount Cameroon with an elevation of 4,070 meters (13,350 ft). Although most workers are permitted to strike, they may do so only after mandatory arbitration. 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