This list of famous German authors include Stefan Heym, Friedrich Schlotterbeck and more, answering the questions, "Which famous authors are from Germany?" Leibniz is an important German philosopher of this time; he invents calculus (at the same time as Newton) and founds the Prussian Academy of Sciences in 1700. Gottfried Wilhelm Von Leibniz: Most Prolific Philosopher of All Time, Inventor of Calculus, and the Last Universal Genius. Karl Marx is known as the father of communism, because he was. Voltaire (1694 – 1778) – French philosopher and critic. While the world has had some of the most knowledgeable, Jurist, Geopolitician, Political Scientist, Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher, Economist, Philosopher, Academic, University, Philosopher, Sociologist, University teacher. In addition to philosophers, the list also includes figures whose ideas contributed significantly to philosophy. But the truth will be a combination of the two – it will be a synthesis. And he said that the thing that truly drives us humans is our will to achieve the highest possible position. Hegel thought that progress is a shift between one extreme to the next – in politics this means we constantly shift from the left to the right, and only in doing so can we find the right balance. German/English/French intellectual rivalries dominate the sciences from here on. The alphabetical list of philosophers is so large it had to be broken up into several pages. Immanuel questioned reality by arguing that we only believe in the things that we know about and are sure to exist. He said we must acknowledge this, and also that our purpose in life is to peruse happiness. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Hegel was a German philosopher whose most famous idea is absolute idealism. Read German Philosopher famous quotes. In the case of some historical figures not identified with an extant country, they are grouped by Arthur Schopenhauer spent a lot of time thinking about emotions, specifically love. Johann Gottlieb Fichte was one of the most influential figures leading up to the founding of German idealism, a philosophical movement teaching that what we observe depends more on how we observe it than it’s physical nature. Those are divide into the following categories: 1885 - … Honneth, Sloterdijk and Kittler are all of even older generations. Can you name the most famous German philosophers? Mertzinger and Gabriel are probably the most contemporary ones. Many of the most beautiful and interesting pieces of human expression were achieved by German philosophers. Physicist, Philosopher, University teacher, Theologian, Politician, Philosopher, Non-fiction, Psychologist, University teacher, Philosopher. He said romance was so important only because the romantic is what leads to human reproduction. Writer, Philosopher, Playwright, Poet, Librarian, Philosopher, Translator, Writer, Bible translator, Writer, Politician, Economist, Lawyer, Philosopher. Not only is he among the greatest German philosophers, but mathematicians also. 100 Inspirational Quotes by Bertrand Russell That Portray The Positive Aspects Of Life. He said we should only do to others what we would like done to ourselves. He thought this inevitable, saying that sometimes we must go from one mistake to the next, until eventually learning what the right choice is. Phenomenology is the study of conciseness and experience. This makes him different from most others, who see liberty as the freedom to do what we like. Ludwig Feuerbach was an influential critic of religion. Translation for 'famous philosopher' in the free English-German dictionary and many other German translations. His analytical nature can be traced back to his time as a student studying mathematics at a high level. 151 Mind-Blowing Quotes By Jean-Paul Sartre. The Greek word for philosophy (philosophia) translates to the “love for wisdom” in English. Philosophy of dialogue: Martin Heidegger: 1889 - 1976: German: Being and Time (Book) Mary Wollstonecraft: 1759 - 1797: English: A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: Max Scheler: 1874 - 1928: German: Founder of Phenomenology: Max Stirner: 1806 -1856: German: The Ego and Its Own (Book) Meister Eckhart: 1260 - 1328: German: Spritual Philosophy: Michel Foucault: 1926 - 1984: French He said we are out of touch with our nature as animals. Martin Luther I think he has a point. This category specifies German philosophers.Both terms are taken in a wide sense. Their inclusion on this list does not necessarily mean Eskify contributors agree with their views or theories. The idea is that we see what we focus on, and often don’t see what we neglect. Heidegger wanted us to question everything, and realize that what we are socialized to believe may not actually be normal, but bizarre and unnecessary. He was an atheist, believing that humanity may achieve what religion teaches, but that there is no god – that religion is important for understanding human thought. In philosophy, he was a leading advocate of rationalism. Markus Gabriel -- mostly through his popular philosophy stuff and throgh working with Slavoj Zizek. Famous Philosophers . Popular Quizzes Today. His work is easier to understand than most other German philosophers due to his blunt use of basic language, which is easily translated. List of famous German philosophers with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history. 1859 - 1938. Feb 18, 2015 - Explore Becky's board "Famous Philosophers", followed by 145 people on Pinterest. 1.Aller Anfang ist schwer. Philosopher, Television presenter, Writer, Philosopher, Psychologist, University teacher. Mathematician, Logician, Analytic philosopher, Anthropologist, Philosopher, University teacher. He came up with a now famous idea known as “Thesis, antithesis, synthesis”. Philosopher. That we’re trained be religion to be materialistic, and steal from our communities for the sake of capitalism. by SpicyMcHaggis Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle . When you’re credited as one of the founders of philosophy then you know you’ve done good! Anthropologist, Philosopher, Sociologist. Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher, Biologist, Botanist, Philosopher, University. To find philosophers by core area, field, major philosophical tradition, ethnicity, or time periods, see the subheadings further below. Hegel (1770-1831): famous German philosopher. He is a retired … Simon Blackburn earned his Ph.D. from Churchill College in 1970. But he also said we should not blindly be good to others, but taking their own character into account. His skeptical thoughts on Christianity inspired other German philosophers, like Karl Marx, to doubt the absolute teachings of the church. ... 15 March 1995) was a philosopher and journalist in East... more on Wikipedia; 16. Prussian-born (and therefore identified as a German philosopher), Kant is considered among the most essential figures in modern philosophy, an advocate of reason as the source for morality, and a thinker whose ideas continue to permeate ethical, epistemological, and political debate. Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reason, mind, language and traditions. To reflect this, I thought I’d list my ten favorite German philosophers. We have been socialized to accept cultural aspects of life as if they are normal. He said we are only free for as long as we act in our own interest. His writing was so revolutionary and controversial that Britain was the only European nation to grant him residence. 68 Thomas Aquinas Quotes That Will Help You When The Spirit Is Willing But The Flesh Is Weak. Judge, Political scientist, Writer, Philosopher. He believed a scientific approach could be taken in our aim to understand the true nature of consciousness. 3Simon Blackburn. Friedrich Nietzsche. Arthur Schopenhauer. The group considered themselves logical positivistsbecause they belie… Browse through this section to find a list of famous German philosophers, their life, their philosophies and their thinking. Of modest background, he became a leading philosopher of the age of enlightenment. On one side you have a thesis, with an antithesis on the other. Cornel West (b. 6 G.W.F. He taught that marriage is little more than a business contract, and that we must therefore feel no obligation to ever get married. He was also known for his criticism of modern human existence. See more ideas about philosophers, famous philosophers, ancient greece. 1952) West is a heavy hitter in social philosophy, having pioneered the school of … Apel is simply saying that Wittgenstein’s ideas in terms of what language presupposes indicates such a relationality. Linguist, Diplomat, Anthropologist, Teacher, Philosopher, Scientist, Sociologist, University, Philosopher, Educationist, Sociologist, University, Philosopher, Theologian, Translator, University, Politician, Philosopher, Writer, Economist, philosopher, Christian mystic, and Lutheran, Analytic philosopher, Esperantist, Philosopher of. Although now a well known idea, it was unusual for his time. He was a lot more pragmatic than other philosophers of his era, believing that we already have what is needed to build a better world, and just need to get better at using what we have. The German idealists’ interest in aesthetics distinguishes them from other modern systematic philosophers (Descartes, Leibniz, Wolff ) for whom aesthetics was a matter of secondary concern at best. That makes five superb philosophers, who produced works of vast creativity and originality. Nietzsche famously declared that “God is dead. He examined the “protestant work ethic” – a tendency for people of that religion to live selfless and harsh lives. A somewhat enigmatic figure,… Later in Weber’s life, he founded a political party and attempted to win election to the German parliament. We avoid confronting thoughts of common existence, the one thing we have in common with literally everything else in the world. Immanuel Kant was a great philosopher of the ‘Enlightenment Era’, during the late 18th century. He worried that the morality taught by religion might not be taught in a post-christian society. The discipline dates back to ancient times with some of the greatest philosophers being Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. He taught that we should accept envy, and that it’s not actually a bad thing, it motivates us. Max Weber was so well respected within Germany that he was involved in drafting the Weimar constitution. He was also noted for his optimism about the universe. Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646 -1716) German mathematician, innovator and philosopher. Mathematician, Computer scientist, Philosopher, Philosopher, Physicist, University teacher, Philosopher, Translator, Historian, Bible, Theologian, Philosopher, University teacher. To look up a philosopher you know the name of, click on the first letter of their last name. Received a Pietist education, studying philosophy and mathematics at the University. Famous German Theologians Find out more about the greatest German Theologians , including Martin Luther, Pope Benedict XVI, Paul Tillich, Pope Adrian VI and Gotthold Ephraim Lessing. He noted a disconnection between the working class person and the ideal occupation of that person, than capitalism is built on the exploitation of the lower classes. In the 18th century, Prussia really starts to shine. That we should be less materialistic and learn to accept death as part of our destiny. Some names and titles, some of them more contemporary than others. And we have killed him” people think this was him celebrating the decline of religion, but really it was him showing concern. He was an isolated man, often spending days alone thinking about the nature of existence. He was a German philosopher, son of a merchant of Scottish descent. But we know for certain they helped not only shape the modern German language, but the modern world. Germany has produced a staggeringly high number of great philosophers. Eugen Herrigel. – the Universe being the best God could have created. But he wasn’t aggressive towards Christianity, but sympathetic to it’s beliefs and to those who believe them. It’s in perusing our biggest goals that we produce the technological breakthroughs that define eras. Norbert Schwarz Cognition and communication. Edmund Husserl. Their impressionable work is sure to leave a lasting imprint on your mind as well! In the late 19th century, the predicate logic of Gottlob Frege (1848–1925) overthrew Aristotelian logic (the dominant logic since its inception in Ancient Greece). Edmund Husserl founded a philosophical school called Phenomenology. But that the world is against us, it’s geared against happiness. Idealism in philosophy is the idea that reality is fundamentally mental. This is the idea that the truth often lies somewhere in-between the two sides of an argument. In the early part of the 20th century, a group of German and Austrian philosophers and scientists formed the Vienna Circle to promote scientific thought over Hegelian system-building, which they saw as a bad influence on intellectual thought. 55 Thought-Provoking Quotes By Terence McKenna That Will Reclaim Your Mind. He sought to explain religion in the context of human history, without assuming it’s teachings are true. After Leibniz we find Immanuel Kant, then Johann Fichte, then Friedrich Schelling, then Georg Hegel. Karl Marx is known as the father of communism, because he was. Martin Heidegger is known for his unnecessarily complex use of theatrical language. 15 October 1844. Philosopher, Historian of the modern age, Jurist, Philosopher, Historian, University, Physicist, Writer, Philosopher, University teacher, philosopher, sociologist,university teacher, Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher. On world events and the development of culture can not accurately be due! 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