Large outbreaks of these starfish can devastate reefs. The Great Barrier Reef catchment is used for agriculture, urban and industrial development, mining, port activities and island development. However, this reef system is exposed to a great number of environmental threats, namely, water pollution, climate change, oil spills, overfishing, and so forth (Johansen 2009, p. 293). The recent Great Barrier Reef Outlook Report for 2009 (by the Australian Government) states that if we want to keep the reef alive we need to halt carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere at current levels around 400 parts per million (ppm). The chemicals of the plastic can through the sea and affect the coral in the Great Barrier Reefs. The Queensland Government has come up with a 25-year management plan, which outlines how to strengthen Reef management and new initiatives .It will follow a comprehensive strategic assessment of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area, which will look at the marine environment and adjacent coastal zone, examining how natural and heritage values can be protected into the future. But like other reefs throughout the world, it is under pressure. Climate change will also affect the population and available habitat of marine mammals including the sea turtles and dugong. While these activities provide many economic and social benefits, coastal developments can have a negative impact on the Reef’s health. To reduce the severity of future coral bleaching and eventually prevent it altogether, we must slow down the warming of our oceans by rapidly switching to 100% renewable power by 2035. 1.2. Few people outside of Australia know that … Climate change is considered the most significant threat to our Great Barrier Reef. Current actions and commitments to protect the Great Barrier Reef from OA and climate change. The Australian government is under increasing pressure to do more to protect the Great Barrier Reef after severe damage caused by marine heatwaves in 2016 … Help researchers at the forefront of active reef restoration science. © 2020 Great Barrier Reef Foundation. The Latitude is 16 and 145 degrees 1.4. Although this is a vast improvement, some ecologists believe that as much as 50% of the Great Barrier Reef needs to be classified as a no-take zone in order to truly protect the biodiversity of the region (2). 1.5. Opportunities and Threats in the Great Barrier Reef by Barbie Girl 1. It’s expected that coral bleaching will become an annual occurrence. Two of the greatest challenges brought by climate change—an increase in ocean temperatures and acidity levels—are creating severe knock-on effects, jeopardising the Reef’s survival. It ranges between 60 and 250 kilometres in width and has an average depth of 35 metres in its inshore waters. Pollution and declining water quality are also pretty big threats to our Great Barrier Reef. Every visitor to the reef pays a n Environmental Management Charge which contributes to the day-to-day management of the Marine Park and funding the research that is improving its long-term resilience. The Reef 2050 long term sustainability plan fails to tackle the real action needed to allow the Great Barrier Reef to be the global marvel that it still is, and always should be. About the Great Barrier Reef. So in 50 years if we keep going with business as usual we will hit 500ppm by 2050. Every year for the past half-century news reports have bannered dire announcements by academic “experts” and environmental “activists” proclaiming imminent threats to the Great Barrier Reef. is a huge task, but it’s one that Australia can and must meet. By reducing threats and minimising impacts we enable reefs to naturally recover, even from the most damaging of tropical cyclones, such as Cyclone Yasi in 2011. are already being seen in many parts of our Reef, and without help the outlook is bleak. A Living Thing. Studies have shown that human activity has caused a 50 percent decline in coral cover in the last three decades, with multiple bleaching events over this time. Location 1.1. Limiting the amount of nutrient run-off is the most significant action that needs to be taken. The growing combination of rising water temperatures, poorer water quality from sediment run-off and pollution, as well as more severe cyclones and crown-of-thorns starfish outbreaks, are just some of the threats creating a perfect storm for our Reef and the marine life that depends on it. The Australian Government is committing an initial contribution of $40 million to the Reef Trust to address key threats to the reef. 7.1. Climate change is the greatest threat facing the reef and a challenge we must all tackle together. Overall, these activitie… Sustainable Agriculture: Runoff of sediments, nutrients and pesticides is one of the major threats to the great barrier reef. In September 2019, the Queensland Government committed to new regulations that apply to agricultural, urban and industrial activities within Reef catchments to ensure they meet minimum pollution standards. For agriculture, most of the land in the reef catchment is used for grazing cattle. This is a minor cause for starfish outbreaks. According to the Reef Outlook Report, “At a concentration of 500ppm, it is predicted that many components of the Great Barrier Reef ecosystem would be highly vulnerable, including seabirds, fish, marine reptiles and plankton. sharks), catch fish of conservation concern while fishing, illegal fishing or collecting, death of discarded species during fishing or collecting, fishing in unprotected fish spawning areas, and poaching (illegal hunting) … Oil spills have disastrous affects on marine life and the coasts nearby. The Great Barrier Reef is visible from… FILE - This Sept. 10, 2001, file photo shows Agincourt Reef, located about 30 miles off the coast near the northern reaches of the 1,200-mile long Great Barrier Reef. Poor water quality, such as from urban and agricultural run-off, is another big threat to the Great Barrier Reef. There’s no alternative, but there is hope. The increase in coastal development has seen the loss of coastal wetlands that traditionally have acted as natural filters for water running off the land. The Great Barrier Reef Foundation extends its deepest respect and recognition to all Traditional Owners of the Great Barrier Reef as First Nations Peoples holding the hopes, dreams, traditions and cultures of the Reef. The Foundation is a registered Environmental Organisation in Australia and is eligible to receive tax deductible donations. Cystic Fibrosis Drug Plastics aren't the only way humans are polluting our oceans. The Great Barrier Reef Foundation champions real solutions to the threats facing Australia’s great natural wonder – the Great Barrier Reef. Increasing sediment, nutrients and contaminants, combined with rising sea temperatures and ocean acidification are damaging the Reef. The sequential mass coral bleaching we are witnessing on the Great Barrier Reef is the literal effect of climate change. Natural beauty aside, the GBR’s social and economic value is significant, particularly for the one million residents who live in the adjoining areas. Every visitor to the reef pays a n Environmental Management Charge which contributes to the day-to-day management of the Marine Park and funding the research that is improving its long-term resilience. The Great Barrier Reef is a natural treasure and one of the world's best managed marine areas, but like all tropical coral reefs around the world it’s facing serious threats. Australia's Great Barrier Reef has suffered its most widespread coral bleaching on record, scientists said Tuesday in a dire warning about the threat posed by … ABN 82 090 616 443. In recent years, there have been an estimated 14.6 million recreational visits per year to the marine park from residents in the GBR catchment, with an additional 1.9 million visitor days from tourists carried by commercial operators into the GBR.1,2 Tourism, recreational activities, and commercial … The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP), which encompasses most of the Great Barrier Reef region, was created in 1975 in response to increasing concerns about threats to the reef, in particular plans for mining the reef for mineral and gas. Threats to the Great Barrier Reef Recent advances in agricultural practices and additional government programs has seen a reduction in sediment and nutrient inputs into some coastal river systems, but a long lag time is expected before there are positive effects on marine water quality. Mining operations have occurred in the catchment zone for the past couple decades, and along the coast, there are plans to expand urban and industrial development. The Great Barrier Reef in Australia is a natural treasure and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.It is the largest reef system on the planet and comprises 900 islands, 2,900 reefs with 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of mollusc! Another key threat faced by the Great Barrier Reef is pollution and declining water quality. Climate change is also predicted to cause the acidification of our oceans, having vast and dire consequences for all marine life, but in particular coral reefs (click here to read more about Ocean Acidification). Over the past few decades, there has been heightened concern over threats to the health of the Great Barrier Reef. The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef ecosystem and one of the seven natural wonders of the world. Climate change and the fossil fuel industry have been constant threats to the Great Barrier Reef and it needs protecting now more than ever. Great Barrier Reef Solutions There are some big threats facing the reef but we look at what needs to change to make sure it's still around for centuries to come. It’s is the only living thing on earth that is visible from space. Great Barrier Reef, complex of coral reefs, shoals, and islets in the Pacific Ocean off the northeastern coast of Australia that is the longest and largest reef complex in the world. A trash like plastics that are on the beach, it is the most threat to the Great Barrier Reefs. Pt 1: Great Barrier Reef Solutions - Behind the News - YouTube As Queensland continues to grow, so does development along the coast and islands adjacent to the Great Barrier Reef Region. The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) can rightly be viewed as one of the most important natural resources in Australia. 1.2. 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