From 2009/2010 figures released by the Australian Department of Environment and Energy, there are over 27 million kangaroos of all species in the surveyed areas of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, and Western Australia. In theory, it is illegal to shoot kangaroos without a licence. The non-commercial killing of kangaroos is governed by the National Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Non-Commercial Purposes. Shooters must take a marksmanship course before being provided with a licence. However, the population table contains the following caveat: "The actual national populations would be significantly higher as these figures do not include estimates for areas not surveyed." There are many issues that arise as a result of the lawful killing of kangaroos. There are some states that permit keeping kangaroos in the home, some require special licenses, while some restrict housing exotic pets altogether. Efforts to get laws passed to make it illegal to kill them is an important issue that needs to be pushed forward. Similarly, while the Codes do not override state and territory animal welfare legislation, acts of cruelty are very rarely reported as shooting usually takes place at night. As a result, the kangaroo population began to grow in enormous numbers and there are now an estimated 500 million in the wild, though this number has been subject to much debate. Therefore, while kangaroos are native to Australia, they have come to be regarded as pests, despite both their national significance and the ethical concerns that arise as a result of this approach. Kangaroos are shot at night in the vast outback. In the past 20 years, 90 million kangaroos and wallabies have been lawfully killed for commercial purposes. For kangaroos there are exceptions for kangaroo hunters who are retained by farmers who can get quotas to kills kangaroos themselves or by hunters. While licence holders are permitted to shoot kangaroos, they may only do so in specific areas and up to a certain quota. This has resulted in the largest slaughter of land-based wildlife on the planet. In some states it is possible for recreational hunters to obtain a permit and tags for personal use kangaroo hunting. We used to do this a lot. Australia tells farmers to kill more kangaroos because of drought A kangaroo casts a shadow as it drinks from a water tank in a drought-effected paddock west of the town of Gunnedah in New South Wales It is not legal to kill any native animals in Australia.There are sometimes circumstances which allow for the culling of some animals, by people with a licence. This annual death toll amounts to 10 million - a patently unsustainable figure. Hunting Kangaroos. Additionally, there is different legislation dependent upon whether kangaroos are killed for commercial or non-commercial purposes. These recommendations throw up obvious issues of animal welfare, as it is estimated that 1.1 million joeys are killed each year in accordance with the above processes or are left to die from hypothermia, starvation or predators. Most are classified as feral or pest animals and can be hunted any time. Responsible hunters should be aware of all current licensing and regulations that they need to abide by. Kangaroos are a protected species in Australia but shooters can obtain licences to kill them (with restrictions) in areas where they are considered pests. This is a sensible law as it protects koalas from being stressed because a human wants to give it a hug. Australia Animal Protection Law Journal, Volumes 1 -3 . The commercial killing of kangaroos is governed by the National Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Commercial Purposes. After the introduction in 2013 of a Pet Food Trial in Victoria (now being assessed), landholders can contract commercial shooters to kill and remove kangaroos shot under the ATCWS. The third issue relates to the issue of consumer welfare. Therefore, the treatment of kangaroos in Australia is fraught with regulatory and ethical difficulties and as such, requires much legislative reform. The New South Wales government insists its cull quota is sustainable Australia is planning to kill more than a million kangaroos this year to protect endangered grasslands and wildlife. The second issue concerns animal welfare. 1 -3), THINKK: THE THINK TANK FOR KANGAROOS - http://thinkkangaroos.uts.edu.au/. As such, there is much pain and suffering involved before the animal eventually dies. Guidelines in Australia state that permit holders are to kill any joeys that are found in the pouches of injured or dead adult kangaroos. However, in reality, there is nothing to stop licence holders from shooting at kangaroos randomly in order to immobilise them. My family comes from a pretty remote part of Australia. This article provides more information on the laws governing kangaroo culling in Australia. Ordinarily, it is illegal to kill, buy, sell or possess a kangaroo in Australia. More than a million kangaroos are expected to be killed in Australia this year as the country launches a mass cull of the creatures in an effort to protect endangered grasslands and wildlife. Given kangaroos are shot in the wild, the environment they are killed in is far from sanitary. Human consumption of kangaroo meat became legal in all Australian states and territories in 1993, having previously only been legal in South Australia (the other use for the meat is in pet food). The Code recommends: These recommendations throw up obvious issues of animal welfare, as it is estimated that 1.1 million joeys are killed each year in accordance with the above processes or are left to die from hypothermia, starvation or predators. The third issue relates to the issue of consumer welfare. The Code recommends: For furred pouch young: euthanasia by a single ‘forceful blow to the base of the skull sufficient to destroy the functional capacity of the brain.’ This is usually undertaken by a steel water pipe or the tow bar of a vehicle; For small furless pouch young: ‘stunning, immediately followed by decapitation by rapidly severing the head from the body with a sharp blade’ or a ‘single forceful blow to the base of the skull sufficient to destroy the functional capacity of the brain.’. As such, the first shortcoming of the regulatory system is that it is very difficult to enforce. Many farmers have therefore come to view kangaroos as ‘pests’, even though they are not an introduced species. However, in response to the growing kangaroo population, the Australian government permits licence holders to ‘cull’ or shoot kangaroos. The Government release said: “In addition, the NSW Government has announced extensions to the commercial kangaroo harvest zones in South East NSW. This policy has been criticised by some animal rights activists. The new limits for eastern grey, western grey and red kangaroos under the “licence to harm” rules are: 50 kangaroos from 1-40ha, 100 roos from 41 … There are millions of these roos, so shooting 4-5 isn't that bad. Re Wildlife Protection Association of Australia Inc. and Minister for the Environment, Heritage and the Arts , [2004] AATA 1383. This policy has been criticised by some animal rights activists. The second issue concerns animal welfare. Others are classified as game animals where they are managed as a resource in regulated seasons and bag limits apply. The growing evidence leans towards the idea that the kangaroo population is not in epic proportions and can be managed via more humane means. So, given the Code, it is easy to understand why the drive has gone the same way as the British fox hunt. It is most definitely illegal to kill kangaroos. We used to do this a lot. The Minister for the Environment approved plans for the 'harvesting' of Kangaroos in South Australia, Western Australia and Queensland. Approximately 3 million adult kangaroos are killed in Australia per year. Just let me to you that you've been majorly mislead by 3/4 of these answer, especially "Jonus". Millions of Kangaroos each year are being slaughtered across Australia by the Commercial “Harvest” for export trade, not to mention animals that are killed by Farmers who shoot them when they come onto their properties, road kill, predation, disease from coming in contact with domestic animals, farm animals and humans, and illegal poaching. [Editor's Note: It has come our attention that a government count of all species of kangaroos differs from the author's count. My family comes from a pretty remote part of Australia. A number of legal and ethical issues arise as a result of the regulatory framework governing the killing of kangaroos. If shooters miss, ‘every reasonable effort’ must be made to locate the animal and kill it, before moving on to shoot another. Given the deadly spiders, crocs, emus, kangaroos, and other animals--I wouldn't be surprised if they consistently dealt with smugglers that tried to sneak dangerous stuff through the mail. © 2020 Michigan State University College of Law. While the humble kangaroo has turned into something of an Australian icon since this time, its current presence in Australia is fraught with legal and ethical issues. Australia is planning to kill more than a million kangaroos this year to protect endangered grasslands and wildlife. From 2009/2010 figures released by the Australian Department of Environment and Energy, there are over 27 million kangaroos of all species in the surveyed areas of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, and Western Australia. Their quotas are granted on the basis of the pest proportions of kangaroos on their property. Kangaroo meat is used both for pet food and human consumption. This section presents some of the most common species that can be legally hunted in Australia. Kangaroo meat is used both for pet food and human consumption. The commercial killing of kangaroos is governed by the National Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Commercial Purposes. © 2020 Michigan State University College of Law. Russia for example, accounted for about 76% of kangaroo meat exports, before the halt of export in August 2009 after a consumer health scare. The Commercial Code was produced in order to minimise pain and suffering caused to kangaroos and wallabies as a result of being killed in the wild. Recent samples of kangaroo meat bought from local supermarkets have indicated high levels of E. coli and tested positive for salmonella. Australia is planning to kill more than a million kangaroos this year - to protect endangered grasslands and other wildlife. For furred pouch young: euthanasia by a single ‘forceful blow to the base of the skull sufficient to destroy the functional capacity of the brain.’ This is usually undertaken by a steel water pipe or the tow bar of a vehicle; For small furless pouch young: ‘stunning, immediately followed by decapitation by rapidly severing the head from the body with a sharp blade’ or a ‘single forceful blow to the base of the skull sufficient to destroy the functional capacity of the brain.’. Hopefully the various efforts of humans out that that have a concern for the Kangaroos will be enough to help them get their numbers up. ... cruelty against animals is illegal … When Captain Cook first landed in Australia in 1770, kangaroos were there to greet him. Scientific studies have recently shed doubt on the Australian government stance that kangaroo numbers are ‘unsustainable’. 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