Urban development, the use of the insecticide DDT for mosquito control and drainage for agricultural purpose have eliminated large numbers of this species. Black rhinos generally weigh 850-1,600 kg and in some exceptional cases, adult males can weigh close to 1,800 kg. Dear Cheetah, how did they catch you to put you on this list? For a complete list of endangered species in Africa, browse the Africa endangered species list. The login page will open in a new tab. Ground pangolins are found in southern and eastern Africa. Current Population: About 500 of them are left in the wild. In the winter, it is greyish brown with white hindquarters and legs; in the summer, the coat turns almost white or sandy blonde. In rapid decline caused by poaching. The Cross River Gorilla in the Congo jungle, one of the most at risk species in the world, A Western Lowland Gorilla gives the camera the eye. Isolated populations can be found roaming the savannahs, grasslands and open woodlands of Uganda’s and Kenya’s National Parks. Current Population: Less than 250 breeding pairs, and declining. All of the breeding areas of the African Penguin are protected as National Parks or Nature Reserves and the collection of eggs or guano is no longer permitted. Endangered species found in South Africa: Cheetahs could be once found throughout Africa and Asia but being illegal hunted has significantly reduced their population Now they can only found in small numbers in parts of eastern, central and south-western Africa and a small portion of Asia. In countries like Namibia, rhinos are an important source of income from ecotourism. Pickersgills’s Reed Frog is a species of frogs endemic to South Africa where it lives in a small area of coastal wetlands. . The most endangered African animals: The Black Rhino by gmacfadyen The Black Rhino is often referred to as the hook-lipped rhino while the White Rhino is sometimes known as the square-lipped rhino. . Unlike other dogs, which have five toes one their forefeet, the African wild dog has four toes on its forefeet. When species become endangered, it is … By conducting community outreach programs to educate residents living near habitats, vaccinating animals against deadly diseases, and advocating for governments to place bans on illegal trading activities. Lions, said to be the king of the jungle, were found throughout Africa, Asia and parts of Europe, now they are only found in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa and in a small population in Asia, specifically India’s Gir Forest. Lions are the only cats that live in groups called prides. Pangolin Globally, all eight species of pangolin are under enormous threat as they are the most trafficked animal in the world. This article explores the list of endangered animals in Africa – which species are on the list, and just how endangered they are. The Riverine Rabbit (Bunolagus monticularis) is one of the world's rarest and most endangered mammals and is South Africa's most endangered wildlife species. They have two horns on their snouts the front horn is 50 cm long on average and it can grow up to 140 cm. Endangered birds are those facing extinction, and South Africa is home to some of these very special species, which are always incredible to spot in their natural habitat. Chimpanzees have become endangered due to poaching, habitat destruction and the illegal pet trade. Seven endangered South African species we should protect in 2020 The health of an ecosystem is maintained by its plants and animals. It differs from the Asian elephant in that it is larger and has larger ears and tusks. Along with plenty of other flightless birds, African wild dogs are seeing habitat loss at an alarming rate. The nation has plenty of distinct ecological systems where various plants and animals are found. Current Population: Estimates place them at 3,000 to 5,500 in total. are working feverishly to protect wildlife and to increase the population of endangered species. Rhinos, one of the oldest groups of mammals. The giant ground pangolin is the largest in the pangolin family. List of Endangered Species One out of four of the world’s mammals and over 40 percent of amphibians are threatened with extinction due to human activity, including habitat destruction, overexploitation, climate change, and pollution, as well as human overpopulation. This rabbit is one of the most endangered terrestrial mammals in South Africa. They are characterized by large trunks, used for communication and handling objects, mammoth-sized incisors called tusks that are used in fights and for marking, feeding and digging, and large ears which allow them to radiate heat. Thank you very much for the Article. Tanzania is one of the last places on earth you can spot them all in one day. Riverine Rabbits - South Africa's most Endangered Animal. African elephants are the world largest land animals. Related: These Are the 10 Largest Animals In Africa. Rothschild’s giraffes are threatened by predators such as humans, hyenas, lions, crocodiles, and leopards. White bellied pangolins live in equatorial Africa. It is endemic to the eastern and southern part of Africa. These grey-brown coloured endangered mammals are characterized by two horns and are known as hooked-lipped rhinoceros. Current Population: Total wild population estimated at about 1,966 to 2,447. It has been very helpful. Currently, there are three northern white rhinos in the world. The Knysna seahorse is an exclusively South African species. Endangered: A species considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild. Of these 26,500 endangered species in Africa, the below list details all African mammals and birds that are currently classified in one of these 3 groups of at-risk species: Critically Endangered: A species considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. Using the total count of species found on this site as an official count of endangered species of the world is not recommended. This Red List has evolved over the decades to become the gold standard for understanding the conservation status of all animal, fungi, and plant species globally, providing critical information about the range, population size, habitat, and ecology of all potentially threatened species. The African Wild Dog is not only one of the most endangered animals in Africa, but also one of the most endangered mammals in the world. Despite its speed, the cheetah population has seen a significant reduction in recent years. While the word hippopotamus is Greek for “River Horse,” hippos and horses are not closely related. And while you will find endangered animals all over the world, South Africa has its own fair share of endangered species. These species cover plants as well as animals, and are made up of amphibians, birds, conifers, coral reefs, crustaceans, mammals, and sharks & rays. I have been Listing African animals by Conservation status. They have two horns on their snouts the front horn is 50 cm long on average and it can grow up to 140 cm. Chimpanzees are found in the Congo jungle. The terms endangered animals and endangered species include all those groups of organisms and life forms that are facing the threat of extinction due to human induced factors such as deforestation, poaching, hunting, animal cruelty, animal experimentation, etc. The shy and elusive African forest elephant is found only in Central Africa. Did you know that the Grevy’s zebra can run up to 40 miles per hour? Current Population: Estimated at just over 200 left in the wild. Below we'll go over the most endangered animals in Africa and how, if you are able to, you can help prevent their extinction. In 1895 these creatures had been hunted into virtual extinction, with an estimated 100 left in South Africa. Of course, many of them are in parks and game reserves, where their population numbers can be monitored and, to some extent, protected.. The population numbers of the Blue Whale are more difficult to estimate and predict compared too many of the Earth’s amazing creatures. Each horn can grow up to 50 inches in length. The deterioration of their only known habitats automatically gave them the endangered tag by the IUCN. Gabon currently has the most stable population of African forest elephants. Each year their numbers continue to decrease as a result of habitat destruction, human-wildlife conflicts and trophy hunting. The African elephant is among the most endangered animals in Africa. The Pickersgill’s Reed frog unwilling leaped its way to number 6 on this list because of the number of threats it faces. Their habitats are found in South Africa. As they are very slow they are extremely vulnerable to predators. Addax, also known as the white antelope, lives in the Sahara desert. The Knysna Seahorse is one of two endangered seahorse species in the world. Chimps diet consists mostly of fruits and plants with insects, eggs, and meat making up a small portion. Oh and no they do not bark, instead, they communicate by touch, action, and vocalizations. Let us know in the comments section below! The African wild dog, also known as African hunting dog, cape hunting dog, is a native of Sub-Saharan Africa. The Ethiopian wolf is distinguished by its tawny red fur with a white underbelly, a blaze on its chest and white fur on its throat that sweeps up and covers the underside of its muscle. From chimpanzees to lemurs to hippos, it can seem there is no animal free from the threat of extinction in Africa. It is found in western Kenya and eastern Uganda and it has broader dividing white lines than the reticulated giraffe and no spotting below the knees. African elephants made the endangered list because, despite a ban being placed on the international trade in ivory, they are still poached for their tusks which are made from ivory, meat, and skin. Keep reading: 10 Mysterious Monsters of Africa, You can get in touch with us on support@afrikanza.com. Two southern white rhinos – no longer an African endangered species. The continent of Africa is home to many unique animals, some of which are endangered. Your next trip should be to … To increase their numbers they have been placed in captive, breeding programs in reserves all over the world. Current Population: Around 880 of these great apes remain in the wild. Current Population: Estimated at around 22,000 left in the wild. Current Population: Estimated at around 14,000 left in the wild. The IUCN Red List Index (RLI) provides a clearer view of real trends within different taxonomic groups, and for biodiversity as a whole.. Photo: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ The RLI is available for groups in which all species have been assessed at least twice. Subscribe to get special offers and the latest offers from the Afrikanza team. They live in matriarchal family units led by an older cow and made up of adult cows with their daughters and sub-adult sons. As poaching continues to be a problem, the populations drop. Here are some other endangered animals in South Africa, as well as easy ways to contribute towards their conservation. Currently, the Index is available for five groups : birds, mammals, amphibians, corals and cycads. Humans contribute to the possible extinction of a species through deforestation, displacement, and poaching. Current Population: Around 150,000 are left in the wild. Critically Endangered since 2003, this rare rabbit is an important species for measuring ecosystem health. Adult females and some males are bright green in color with yellow and white stripes. Solitary in nature, they develop a strong mother and calf bond only. Their habitats have been destroyed by human settlement and agriculture and many die as result of chronic droughts in the desert. List of Endangered Animals in Africa African savanna elephant | (Loxodonta africana) The African bush elephant has the privilege of being the largest living terrestrial animal. It is similar to the coyote in size and build, and is distinguished by its long and narrow skull, and its red and white fur. 3. Fortunately, in places like southern Tanzania and northern … These gorillas are also on the list of endangered animals in Africa because they are only 900 of them remaining on the earth. This species is threatened by the destruction of their habitat through human activities and human-wildlife conflict and are susceptible to diseases spread by domestic animals. Elephant, you sure do take up a lot of space. Thank you for caring. Sudan, the only male, Najin, and Fatu live in the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya. The cheetah is mainly hunted for its tan coat covered in solid black spots. Please log in again. List of Endangered African Animals 10. Northern white rhinos, also known as the square-lipped rhinoceros due to their square upper lip, are the second largest land mammal in the world. They are also preyed upon by sharks and Cape fur seal whom they have to also compete with for food and breeding sites. White-bellied pangolin on the forest floor. A canid native to the Ethiopian Highlands, this is another of Africa’s endangered animal species losing its way due to the overpopulation of ourselves. The vulnerable black-bellied pangolin on a branch. Blue Whales are predominantly found along the South African coast … Current Population: Estimated at around 600,000 left in the wild. The Red List Index. The range of its habitat stretches from West Africa to Uganda. Their thick furs also make them a target of poachers. Best places to see Rothschild’s giraffes: Learn all you wanted to know about 10 endangered and critically endangered African animals with facts and animal descriptions. Unfortunately, the list of endangered wildlife in Africa goes on. . The Ethiopian Wolf as the name suggests is endemic to Ethiopia. Several smaller mammal species are also endangered. Tanzania is one of the last places on earth you can spot them all in one day. Each year the Red List places species into one of nine categories: Not Evaluated, Data Deficient, Least Concern, Near Threatened, Vulnerable, Endangered, Critically Endangered, Extinct in the Wild, and Extinct. The increase in poaching is again because of the high demand in Asia for its use in folk medicine. South Africa is situated on the southern end of the African continent. Who is the king of the jungle? What’s your take on this – any animals that surprise you by making the list, or being left off it? Yes, there are penguins in Africa! 15 Most Endangered Animals in Africa (Stop Animal Extinction), These Are the 10 Largest Animals In Africa. It covers an area of 471,000 square miles. The lion, leopard, African buffalo, endangered black rhino, and elephant make up the legendary Big Five. The Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is a critically endangered species of rhinoceros. As you might know, one of the most vulnerable animals in South Africa, at this moment, is the rhino. Critically Endangered: African Wild Dog: Lycaon pictus: Endangered: Asian Elephant: Elephas … Mammals dwelling in or that migrate to North Atlantic islands off the western coast of Africa. Hey Mr. The Southern White Rhino is one such success story. The horns are made from the same material found in human hair and nails; keratin. Learn about all the amazing animals in Africa. This species has seen a significant reduction in its population due to several factors, namely diseases in the Bale Mountains, rabies and subsistence farming in the Ethiopian highlands. The African wild dog, which weighs from 37 to 80 pounds and has a mottled, brown and black coat, hunts for hoofed animals … With that said, there is so much you can do to help. Seahorses are good at camouflaging, making it hard to spot them and conduct research. A hippo with its impressive mouth open in Kruger National Park. They live in trees in parts of western and central Africa, and are the smallest of all African pangolin. More recently, the population has reduced significantly due to over-fishing and oil spills. They are also known as Cape pangolins or Temminck’s pangolin. In honour of Endangered Species Day, we have listed five species of magnificent animals of Africa that are heartbreakingly listed as endangered species. African elephants made the endangered list because, despite a ban being placed on the international trade in ivory, they are still poached for their tusks which are made from ivory, meat, and skin. The African wild dog is one of the most successful hunters on the African plains, and are highly social and intelligent animals. The Grevy’s zebra, also known as the imperial zebra, is the most threatened of the three species of zebra. Current Population: Around 52,000 mature individuals remain in rapid decline. They are also known as tree pangolins or three-cusped pangolin. Follow us for instant access to all of our best safari & wildlife content. They are also known as jackass penguins due to their loud, braying calls. Black rhinos generally weigh 850-1,600 kg and in some exceptional cases, adult males can weigh close to 1,800 kg. Bonobo chimp – human’s closest animal relative, Chimpanzee with baby on its back in Rubondo National Park. South Africa's Endangered Bird Species. They prefer evergreen and moist forested surroundings found in Ghana, Ivory Coast, Upper Guinea, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The African penguins are the only penguins found on the African content. Discover African animals you've never heard of, and learn amazing facts about the ones you have! Endangered and critically endangered African animals are under threat from poaching, but experts believe trophy hunting of overpopulated animals can be beneficial for conservation through revenues generated by trophy hunting. How much longer taller can your neck grow? Call us on +1 (206) 279-1367 between 10am - 4pm EST. The hippo is a large and round ungulate that prefers spending most of its time in the water. A giraffe's neck can be an astonishing 20 feet in height. Their numbers have declined steeply due to hunters, habitat destruction and diseases. Note/Disclaimer: This list is made possible through a database keyword search/filtering process which may not be 100% accurate. In 1964 the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) established their ‘Red List of Threatened Species’. Sadly the net number of African endangered species has been increasing over the years, but there are some conservation success stories where animal species are actually removed from the endangered list. The rabbit can be identified by a distinctive black stripe that runs from the corner of the mouth over the cheeks and the white rings around the eyes. An interesting fact about the white antelope is that the color of its coat depends on the season. For a full list of tips and tricks on how you can help endangered wildlife in your area and the world, head to WorldWildlife.org. The over-harvesting of their eggs for food and guano for fertilizer are two reasons for their endangered status. 1. There are over 1,100 species of mammals and 2,600 species of birds in Africa. This is a list of the mammal species recorded in South Africa.There are 299 mammal species in South Africa, of which two are critically endangered, eleven are endangered, fifteen are vulnerable, and thirteen are near threatened.Two of the species listed for South Africa are considered to be extinct. That’s the complete list of Africa’s endangered animals (looking at mammals and birds only). Organizations, like World Wild Life, are working to increase the black rhino population monitor and protect black rhinos. Research conducted by scientists show that 95%-98% of humans and chimps DNA are similar. Black bellied pangolins also known as long-tailed pangolins. Disclaimer: This list combines species from several endangered species lists. Rhino horn is still a valuable commodity, but after a century of wildlife conservation, anti-poaching efforts, and increasing the number of protected areas, and there are now around 20,000 of these stunning animals thriving in national parks and private game reserves across Southern Africa. Mountain gorillas can look rather shaggy! #13 - African Lion Even though chimps and chimps are considered as the closest species to humans they are still being hunted by humans. When species are referred to as endangered, it’s generally accepted that they will be in one of three specific Red List categories: So far, more than 96,500 species globally have been assessed by IUCN for the Red List, of which more than 26,500 are threatened with extinction. Do you remember the last time you bought that gorgeous pair of stilettos made from genuine cheetah fur? Addax have become endangered because they are hunted for their leather and meat. Foundations such as the Oxford University Ethiopian Wolf Conservation Program are working to halt their extinction by vaccinating the wolves and through community outreach. The amazingly scaled Temminck’s ground pangolin. You too can help to protect endangered species by practicing reforestation, inhibiting the use of pesticides and herbicides, and refusing to purchase products made from species near extinction. Black Rhino (Diceros bicornis) The black rhino is one of many of Africa’s endangered species. Along with disease and habitat loss, these animals also have to face off against larger predators (such as lions) when it comes to competing for food, all while also dodging humans. This is largely due to decades of habitat fragmentation, infectious diseases, and both accidental and targeted killings by humans. The good news is that the governments of African countries where the endangered and critically endangered animals live have put several strategies to conserve them. The 20 best malaria-free safari destinations, The 6 greatest animal migrations in Africa. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), below is the list of the 10 most endangered animals in Africa as of 2015. Thanks! The country hosts some of the endangered mammals like the Black Rhinoceros, Riverine Rabbit, De Winton's Golden Mole, White-Tailed Rat, and the Cape Wild Dog. Here is another species of rhinoceros that is being poached for its horns. Despite their size, they are frequently hunted for their horn which has led to their near extinction. There are approximately a little over 600,000 African elephants accounted for, they are on the endangered animals list due to poaching and loss of habitat which nearly pushed these animals to the point of extinction. However, because of illegal poaching and the destruction of their habitat, they are now only found in Southern Ethiopia and Northern Kenya. Did you stop to think that you are contributing to the possible extinction of a species that is very important to the eco-system of its habitat? The most endangered African animals: The Pygmy Blue Whale by millerm217 The Blue Whale is the largest known animal on earth, ever, reaching sizes larger than the prehistoric reptiles, the dinosaurs. Take a safari in Africa to see some of the critically endangered animal species. The African elephant, aka Savanna Elephant, is the largest living terrestrial mammal in the world. You may not see them often, but these tiny diggers are on their way to extinction. Current Population: Around 3,500 according to the last count by IUCN. A number of these species are now at risk of extinction, primarily due to human activities such as poaching and habitat loss. The black rhino is one of many of Africa’s endangered species. The large and imposing African bush elephant is found in most sub-Saharan African countries. In fact, the closes living relatives to the hippo are whales, dolphins, and pigs. Golden Moles rank surprisingly high on the list of most endangered animals in South Africa; with five different species reaching the top ten most endangered mammals in the country. Are you a friend or foe? There are approximately a little over 600,000 African elephants accounted for, they are on the endangered animals list due to poaching and loss of habitat which nearly pushed these animals to the point of extinction. Countries: Endemic to the Ethiopian highlands. Also known as the Cape Hunting dog or the painted wolf, these animals are canids indigenous to small pockets of sub-Saharan Africa. Do you bark like my dogs do? After logging in you can close it and return to this page. African wild dogs are dealing with a number of concerns that have decimated their population to a mere 1,409, making them an endangered species. The mountain gorilla population is split in two with more than half of the population living in the Virunga Mountains that border the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Uganda and the remaining found in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda. Let us look into the beautiful creatures whose existence we are threatening. Their near extinction arose from the increased demand for horns to be used in traditional Asian and consumed by the upper-middle class citizens as a symbol of wealth in Vietnam. The Rothschild’s giraffe is now listed as one of the most endangered animals in Africa – in 2010 there were thought to be less than 670 individuals. other notable mention include the Addax,Pygmy Hippopotamus,cheetah, lion, African elephant,pangolin etc. “You look like you will be able to make a good stew,’ says the farm worker as he uses a gin trap to catch the riverine rabbit. The top 10 Endangered African Wildlife is not an exhaustive list ofendangered African animals. 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