The Impacts of climate change could result in a loss of up to 30 percent of the snow leopard habitat in the Himalayas alone. There are as few as 4000 snow leopards in the wild, and their numbers are declining due to habitat loss, poaching and the impact of climate change. When a snow leopard starts eating livestock from a farm, the farmer will often hunt the snow leopard down and kill it. For instance, in China, up to 240 snow leopards are poached every year, while in Mongolia this is as much as 50. Snow leopards face many threats which include poaching, habitat loss and increased conflicts with communities. She was a public school teacher and administrator for 11 years. Snow leopards, an endangered species with a remaining population roughly estimated to be between 4,000 and 6,500 individuals, are sparsely distributed in the mountains of northern and central Asia, including part of the Himalaya Mountains. This allows them to stalk their prey, even at night. Welcome to my website of the Snow Leopard. Their fur was prized as a very valuable commodity in the 1960s and 1970s, and livestock farmers drive them away from their natural habitat. Another factor of why the snow leopard is endangered is from climate change. Causes, Effects and Best Solutions for Deforestation, Oil Spills; Causes, Effects and Solutions, 10 Dangerous Effects of Smoking Cigarettes on Human Health as well as the Environment, Volcanoes: Types, Importance, Pros and Cons, Advantages and Disadvantages of Intensive Fruit Farming, 10+ Pros and Cons of Aquaculture (Fish Farming). Not only this, but mines are also fragmenting the remaining range of land. Valuable in traditional Chinese and Asian medicine, its body parts are coveted for this purpose. humans but nature is also putting the leopards’ future at risk as climate Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. For this reason, snow leopards became their substitute. These answer the question, why are snow leopards endangered? low body temperatures). - Lesson for Kids, Why are Lions Endangered? Another way is to take part in fighting climate change. Snow leopards are used for their bones, skins, and organs in Asian medicine. By comparison, there are over 73 million dogs in the United States alone. Now let’s talk about why snow leopards are The habitats of the snow leopard in the Indian Himalayas is approximately less than 35,000 square miles, particularly in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, H… This also protects them from Hypothermia (very first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Just think: if you lived in Asia and had an ear infection or strep throat, you might have to take snow leopard pills! Their habitat includes the rocky ground and steep cliffs of mountainsides. What is a snow leopard's scientific name? They have a thick fur having a pattern with dark rosettes and spots. As their natural prey becomes harder to find, snow leopards are forced to kill livestock for survival. Overgrazing damages the fragile mountain grasslands, leaving less food for the wild sheep and goats that are the snow leopard’s main prey. and plants which are being endangered and nearing extinction. New Research: Perceptions and Realities of … The snow leopard is no longer an endangered species, but its population in the wild is still at risk because of poaching and habitat loss, conservationists said this week. Tiger bones are preferred for the Traditional Asian Medicines but since tigers are so rare that snow leopards are being sacrificed. Poaching threatens the snow leopard because people use the leopards for fur and to make medicines. Their bones skin and organs are valuable to traditional Asian medicine. Select a subject to preview related courses: As more land is cleared for farming, farmers and their livestock are moving closer to snow leopards' habitats. Warmer average temperatures are leading to decreased glacier size and the … Explain your answer. Here are the most useful facts as to why are snow leopards endangered and what conservation measures have been taken to date.Snow leopards are primarily hunted for their thick and silvery coat which has a significant commercial worth for traders. The IUCN (International Union for Conservation Unfortunately, these beautiful cats are now endangered and need humanity’s help to recover. Log in here for access. Currently, only about 3,500-7,000 snow leopards remain on earth. Snow Leopards mainly hunt the blue sheep and can kill their prey… There are about 4000 to 7000 snow leopards in the wild. Required fields are marked *, What is Deforestation? imaginable degree, area of Photos: Big cats on the roof of the world. Picture Of Snow Leopard!! Their bones are used in traditional medicines. Science based wildlife management practices should NOT be based on such false assumptions. - Lesson for Kids, African Savanna Lesson for Kids: Facts & Habitat, Endangered Animals in Africa: Lesson for Kids, Endangered Animals Research: Lesson for Kids, Why are Penguins Endangered? Known for their snow-white fur, which is sometimes yellowish or grayish, the snow leopard is made for the cold temperatures on the mountainside. - Lesson for Kids, Great White Shark Habitat: Lesson for Kids, Whaling & Overfishing in Antarctica: Lesson for Kids, Polar Habitats Lesson for Kids: Description & Facts, Biological and Biomedical poaching, habitat loss and increased conflicts with communities. Already registered? The dwindling population of tigers could not meet the demand for tiger products. - Lesson for Kids, Why is the Grey Wolf Endangered? It is an opportunistic hunter and also eats decaying animal matter for survival. 2. 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So, why are snow leopards endangered? This forces a herder to kill any snow leopards on sight. - Lesson for Kids, Why are Gorillas Endangered? Mining expansion is a new i… courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Snow leopards live on the Asian continent. The cat's huge paws have fur on the bottom that gives the leopard traction on the snow and protection from sharp rocks. - Lesson for Kids, Snow Leopard Endangerment: Quiz & Worksheet for Kids, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Why Are Dolphins Endangered? To help the leopards maintain their To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. 5 of 13. To counter this process, we need to increase awareness and education about this threat. Give an example of how people have helped in the conservation of snow leopards. An expert at navigating Central Asia's high mountains, the iconic snow leopard is recognizable by its long tail and almost-white coat, spotted with large black rosettes. These cats face habitat degradationwhich removes territory, often for livestock. The proposal to list the leopard as a so-called ‘endangered species’ implies that the FWS believes and accepts that every leopard population in creation is UNSAFE which is not true. Poaching for illegal trade is also common. Snow leopards are … Humans have played a principal role in the declining population of snow leopards. Poachers illegally kill snow leopards, even though they are endangered, and sell the animals for money. New roads and colonies are formed. The changes impact the entire ecosystem: vegetation, water supplies, animals – and they threaten to make up to a third of the snow leopard’s habitat unusable. - Lesson for Kids, Why are Numbats Endangered? The leopard has thick hair protecting itself from the cold and has fur-covered feet, which acts like natural snowshoes. The IUCN has a specific criterion according to which if the species are in trouble they would be listed in the IUCN’s “Red List of Threatened Species”. Leopards are endangered mainly due to over-hunting and habitat loss. The species is listed as Vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) because of its declining population. - Lesson for Kids, Why Are Cheetahs Endangered? Later during my stint in medical school, I realized that many of our health concerns originate from neglecting our environmental responsibilities and this was just not sustainable in the long run. WWF implements programs to stop the illegal trade in Amur leopard … Create your account. Then, carefully read the given narrative and provide a written response to the questions that follow. 1. balance on rocky and steep slopes, the tail is around 1m long in length. Why is the snow leopard an endangered species? Christianlly has taught college physics and facilitated laboratory courses. The endangered snow leopard (Panthera uncia) is found in the rugged mountains of Central Asia, according to the Snow Leopard Trust. endangered, let’s look upon why they are important. Learn more about our work >> Latest Snow Leopard News & Stories. Over the years snow leopards have been killed because of their beautiful fur. Currently, there are a handful number of these species left in the coniferous scrublands and upland steppes of the mountain homelands. of Nature) is the worldwide organization which includes many smaller According to experts, snow leopard numbers will decline by about ten percent in the next 20 years. Snow leopards are amazing animals; however, they are also endangered. One big reason that snow leopards are endangered is because of poaching. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Loss of natural wild prey (mostly wild sheep and goats, but also marmots and smaller prey) is another major threat. This pattern helps them to camouflage in their icy/rocky habitat. This is because most herders are dependent upon their livestock for survival so they have to protect them. Status: Endangered Scientific Name: Panthera uncia Number Left: Estimated 4,080-6,590 Snow Leopards inhabit cold, rocky, mountaintops across the high elevations of Central Asia. endangered. The Tibetan plateau, home to more than half of the remaining snow leopards, has already gotten 3 degrees warmer in the last 20 years. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. With such a small population left, the loss of each Amur leopard puts the species at greater risk of extinction. Snow leopards prey on mountain sheep and goats. Snow leopards are foundat high altitudes in countries such as Russia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, among others. - Lesson for Kids, Why are Jaguars Endangered? The snow leopard population is estimated to be only a few thousand animals, and the species is thus considered endangered. The IUCN is an international organisation dedicated to conservation of animals and their habitat. The elegant and well-camouflaged snow leopard is one of the world’s most elusive cats. They are solitary creatures and have a lot of skills to survive. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Snow leopards require vast areas to live. Poachers illegally kill snow leopards, even though they are endangered, and sell the animals for money. The snow leopard's thick, white fur is highly sought after to make fur clothing. Jobs that Help the Environment and Animals, Guide to Online High School in Pennsylvania, Oil Heat Technician: Job Outlook & Career Requirements, Pre-K Teacher Certification and Certificate Program Information, Top Schools for Licensed Vocational Nurse Training, How to Earn a Distance Learning MBA for Finance Managers, Online Certified Dental Assistant CDA Courses and Classes, Top Automotive Design and Engineering Schools List of Top Programs, Why is the Snow Leopard Endangered? In this lesson, you will learn about some of the reasons why there are so few snow leopards left in the world. And the highly adaptable, nimble snow leopard is listed as “endangered” with a population of only around 4,000 – 6,500 in the wild. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because the global population is estimated to number less than 10,000 mature … Humans have pushed ever further with their livestock into the snow leopard’s habitat. The pattern on every snow leopard is unique. just create an account. Visit the Plants & Animals for Kids page to learn more. What did one snow leopard say to the other snow leopard? He has a master's degree in Physics and is pursuing his doctorate study. They are able to kill a prey 3 times their own weight. Unfortunately, people are causing the snow leopard's food to go away, but in a much different way. - Lesson for Kids, Endangered Species in Canada: Lesson for Kids, Why Are Blue Whales Endangered? However, in most cases, their efficiency is compromised by the lack of management infrastructure or management plans, and baseline information on biological and other natural resources. Although China is said to hold 60% of the endangered snow leopard population, endangered snow leopards are widely spread in many Asian countries like Pakistan, Nepal, Afghanistan, India, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Bhutan, Russia, and Kazakhstan. Snow leopards are often killed by local farmers because they prey on livestock such as sheep, goats, horses, and yak calves. This is the most important reason. However, as the human and livestock population is increasing rapidly, further areas are being occupied and the area which snow leopards need for themselves is shrinking. Before discussing why snow leopards are Loss of Prey. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Services. change is altering the cold habitat on top of the mountains. They span from Afghanistan to Kazakstan and Russia in the north to India and China in the east. Additionally, farmers are being offered money as a reimbursement for any livestock snow leopards kill. Thankfully, local governments and groups have started working with farmers to develop ways to keep their livestock safe. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Not only for their fur, but their bones are also quite in demand as they are used in Traditional Asian Medicines. Overgrazing by nearby farm animals also causes farmers to kill snow leopards when they attack their farm animals and livestock looking for food. As a result, the snow leopard has no food and starts attacking farmers' livestock. The threats to snow leopards are many. Create an account to start this course today. This beautiful and graceful predator is hunted for its bones, skin, and organs. - Lesson for Kids, Why are African Elephants Endangered? The ecological balance would be disrupted without the snow leopards. The cigarette butts additionally litter…, Water is a highly essential resource for continued prosperity of life on earth. Why is the Snow Leopard Endangered? Without water, we can’t survive.…, A volcano is a natural event that occurs when crust of a mass (planetary) object ruptures. Since their numbers are quite big, should people continue hunting snow leopards? In Mongolia, the snow leopards are found in Kanghai Mountains and Gobi Altai mountains. For this activity, print or copy this page on a blank piece of paper. - Lesson for Kids, Why are Asian Elephants Endangered? All rights reserved. Climate Change: Because snow leopards live on snowy mountains, their habitat is undoubtedly threatened as average temperatures continue to rise[sc:1]. One big reason that snow leopards are endangered is because of poaching. Not just Its white-gray coat, spattered with large black rosettes, blends in perfectly with the steep and rocky mountains of these regions. But why are people more interested in snow leopards? Snow leopards belong to species of cats but I mentioned how snow leopards are only found at the very top of the mountains in Himalayas; if these ice caps start melting, we can’t expect the species to survive without a habitat. People keep guns that facilitate hunting. Their fur is unique and so pelts and taxidermy are in demand on the black market, especially in China and Eastern Europe. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Snow leopards are found high (almost 18000ft) in the cold mountains of Himalayas to which they are highly adapted. Snow leopard body parts were used to make amulets, fur clothing, medicine, etc. study The snow leopard is listed as Endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources . In this…, First, What is Intensive Agriculture? Many species of leopards also suffer from traps that livestock farmers leave for them in an attempt to protect their herds. No, because snow leopards are a threatened species. This animal is a carnivore and actively hunts its prey, such as blue sheep and wild goats. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Snow Leopards can be endangered for four main reasons : 1. I have lived on the countryside for over a decade of my life where I realized how human activities impacted the environment. Why are snow leopards endangered? Your email address will not be published. Tigers and snow leopards are sought after animals. Snow leopards face many threats which include © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Study.com has thousands of articles about every The snow leopard is endangered. Your email address will not be published. Snow leopard (Panthera uncia or Uncia uncia), a carnivore that inhabits the mountainous regions of central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Not just humans but nature is also putting the leopards’ future at risk as climate change is altering the cold habitat on top of the mountains. 's' : ''}}. The trade of snow leopard body parts is illegal but still, however, on the rise. If hunting continues, then they will follow the same fate of critically-endangered animals like rhinos and orangutans. As human population and production increase, so does the threat of extinction to many species. Humans are a second reason that snow leopards are endangered. For example, if snow leopards were to reduce significantly; herbivore (plant-eating) population would tend to increase, this would result in reduced vegetation and that would lead to habitat loss and destruction. They are the world’s most elusive cats. The price of such a hunt is approximately around $5,000-$10,000 which is quite high and attracts the hunters. You can do so by using eco-friendly products, planting more trees and donating to causes that primarily fight climate change like EnvironmentBuddy! The animals which snow leopards would typically hunt—such as the Argali sheep—are also hunted by local communities. Deforestation is a term used for describing the process of clearing forested areas via cutting…, Just the other day, I was visiting a beach in a third-world country. Many animal herders kill snow leopards in order to protect their livestock, just so that snow leopards don’t attack them. While walking on the beach,…, Cigarette smoking causes natural contamination by discharging lethal air pollutants into the air. - Lesson for Kids, Why are Sharks Endangered? | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Unfortunately, it has a lot to do with people. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. In the mountains of Central Asia, a precious creature struggles for survival. Snow leopards might also become a part of it in the coming years. The Snow Leopard Trust aims to better understand the endangered snow leopard, and to protect the cat in partnership with the communities that share its habitat. If someone offered you a million dollars to do something that you knew was against the law, would you do it? Raising awareness, not locally but globally, was the mission. That means for every snow leopard that is still alive, there are about 10,000 dogs just in our country! Have you ever had someone steal your food? Who played an integral part in the declining population of the snow leopards? Get access risk-free for 30 days, Heather has a bachelor's degree in elementary education and a master's degree in special education. Snow leopards are also prone to having conflicts with humans, notably when they prey on domestic livestock. Ensure a Sustainable Green Future with Environment Buddy! Our planet and wildlife are being subjected to increasing stress. Overhunting also reduces the natural mountain prey. Shedding light on the difficulties of this secretive and beautiful cat will lead to conservation action and the … The endangered snow leopard is native to the rugged and snowy highlands of Central Asia particularly the Himalaya region. Snow leopards are threatened by habitat loss, poaching, and retaliatory killing when they turn to livestock for prey. The Snow Leopard Trust, based in Seattle, is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the conservation of snow leopards. Picture of people using snow leopard’s pelt as trade. There is a significant impact by local herders who kill the snow leopards that prey on their animals. The Snow Leopard lives in the mountains of Central Asia. Unfortunately, this means farm animals and livestock are overgrazing, or eating too much of the food in the area. Since wild sheep and goats are also killed by humans, snow leopards don’t have a choice but to rely on domestic livestock for their survival. Anyone can earn organizations that have the purpose to save, protect and preserve the animals “Thanks to new available data, the Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia) has moved from the Endangered to Vulnerable category,” the IUCN reported before warning that “its population continues to decline and it still faces a high risk of extinction through habitat loss and degradation, declines in prey, competition with livestock, persecution, and poaching for illegal wildlife trade.” Snow leopards live at very high elevations where there are steep cliffs. In this activity, you'll check your knowledge regarding the reasons why snow leopards are endangered animals. Hunting as a sport is another reason why snow leopards are being targeted. However, the major threat to this act species is poaching, driven mostly by the illegal trade of animal skin and body parts. They are widely distributed in the Himalayas in Bhutan, Nepal, and India as well as the Tibetan plateau. There are over 20 PAs of different sizes and categories within the snow leopard range. Hide Caption. Maybe your brother or sister ate the last cookie or grabbed the last piece of delicious chicken at dinner. Leopards also wrap themselves around their tail to have additional protection They are the predators at the top of the food web in the area. My love for nature is not newfound. The snow leopard is a large cat native to the cold mountain ranges of Central and South Asia. Hello, Strangers! Why are Rhinos Endangered? Picture of people using snow leopard over the world ’ s habitat and India as well as Tibetan. Shark endangered could result in a much different way on such false assumptions it... Process, we need to find, snow leopards face many threats including poaching habitat. Remote camera captures a photo of an endangered snow leopard habitat in the wild goats and they... Leopards difficult as the mountains have a thick fur having a pattern dark! 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Are people more interested in snow leopards face many threats including poaching, and sell the animals which leopards! And Russia in the area large black rosettes, blends in perfectly the. Snow leopard numbers will decline by about ten percent in the declining population within the snow lives., would you do it its declining population of snow leopards might also become a of... Before discussing Why snow leopards, Ladakh, India in snow leopards are often by... Declining population a blank piece of delicious chicken at dinner demand as they are widely distributed in the conservation Nature... Himalaya region though they are important are also endangered rocky ground and steep cliffs Latest snow leopard ’ pelt...